Emergence delirium

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Emergence delirium
Classification and external resources
ICD-10 F13.4
ICD-9 292.81

Emergence delirium (sometimes referred to as agitated emergence, emergence agitation, emergence excitement, or postanesthetic excitement) is a condition in which emergence from general anesthesia is accompanied by psychomotor agitation. Some see a relation to pavor nocturnus [1] while other see a relation to the excitement stage of anesthesia.

In children[edit]

The pediatric anesthesia emergence delirium scale may be used to measure the severity of this condition in children.[2]

Epidemiology[edit]

The overall incidence of emergence delirium is 5.3%, with a significantly greater incidence (12-13%) in children. The incidence of emergence delirium after halothane, isoflurane, sevoflurane or desflurane ranges from 2-55%.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.asa2012.com/PDFs_abstracts/davidson.pdf
  2. ^ Sikich, N; Lerman, J (2004). "Development and psychometric evaluation of the pediatric anesthesia emergence delirium scale". Anesthesiology 100 (5): 1138–45. doi:10.1097/00000542-200405000-00015. PMID 15114210. 
  3. ^ Mason, LJ (2004). "Pitfalls of Pediatric Anesthesia: Emergence Delirium". Richmond, Virginia: Society for Pediatric Anestheisa. Retrieved 2012-06-21. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Artusio JF, Jr. (April 1964). "Anesthesia and its immediate postoperative complications". Surg Clin North Am. 44: 493–504. PMID 14180336.