||This article includes a list of references, related reading or external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks inline citations. (September 2013)|
|Tenure||30 July 1912 –
25 December 1926
|Enthronement||10 November 1915|
|House||Imperial House of Japan|
|Father||Prince Michitaka Kujō|
|Mother||Ikuko Noma (concubine)|
25 June 1884|
|Died||17 May 1951
|Burial||Hachiōji, Tokyo, Japan|
Empress Teimei (貞明皇后 Teimei-kōgō , 25 June 1884 – 17 May 1951), also known as Empress Dowager Teimei (貞明皇太后 Teimei-kōtaigō ), was empress consort of Emperor Taishō of Japan. Born Sadako Kujō (九条節子 Kujō Sadako ), she was the mother of Emperor Shōwa. Her posthumous name, Teimei, means "enlightened constancy".
She married then-Crown Prince Yoshihito (the future Emperor Taishō) on 25 May 1900. The couple lived in the newly constructed Akasaka Palace in Tokyo, outside of the main Tokyo Imperial Palace complex. When she gave birth to a son, prince Hirohito (the future Emperor Shōwa) in 1901, she was the first official wife of a Crown Prince or Emperor to have given birth to the official heir to the throne since 1750.
She became Empress (Kōgō) when her husband ascended to the throne on 30 July 1912. Given her husband's weak physical and mental condition, she exerted a strong influence on imperial life, and was an active patron of Japanese Red Cross Society. The relations between the Emperor and Empress were very good, as evidenced by Emperor Taishō’s lack of interest in taking concubines, thus breaking with hundreds of years of imperial tradition, and by her giving birth to four sons.
After the death of Emperor Taishō on 25 December 1926, her title became that of Dowager Empress ( 皇太后 Kōtaigō ) (which means "widow of the former emperor"). She openly objected to Japan's involvement in World War II, which caused conflict with her son, Hirohito. From 1943, she also worked behind the scenes with her younger son Prince Takamatsu Nobuhito to bring about the downfall of Prime Minister Hideki Tōjō.
She died at Omiya Palace in Tokyo, aged 66, and was buried next to her husband, Emperor Taishō, in the Tama no higashi no misasagi (多摩東陵) at Musashino Imperial Mausoleum in Tokyo.
Titles and styles
|Reference style||Her Imperial Majesty|
|Spoken style||Your Imperial Majesty|
- 25 June 1884 – 25 May 1900: Lady Sadako Kujō
- 25 May 1900 – 30 July 1912: Her Imperial Highness The Crown Princess of Japan
- 30 July 1912 – 25 December 1926: Her Imperial Majesty The Empress of Japan
- 25 December 1926 – 17 May 1951: Her Imperial Majesty The Empress Dowager of Japan
- Posthumous title: Her Imperial Majesty Empress Teimei
|Emperor Shōwa||29 April 1901
died, 7 January 1989
|26 January 1924||Princess Nagako of Kuni||Princess Teru
|Prince Chichibu||25 June 1902
died, 4 January 1953
|28 September 1928||Setsuko Matsudaira|
|Prince Takamatsu||3 January 1905
died, 3 February 1987
|4 February 1930||Kikuko Tokugawa|
|Prince Mikasa||2 December 1915||22 October 1941||Yuriko Takagi||Princess Yasuko of Mikasa
Prince Tomohito of Mikasa
Princess Masako of Mikasa
- Bix, Herbert P. (2000). Hirohito and the Making of Modern Japan. New York: HarperCollins. 10-ISBN 0-06-019314-X; 13-ISBN 978-0-06-019314-0; OCLC 247018161
- Fujitani, Takashi. (1998). Splendid Monarchy: Power and Pageantry in Modern Japan.. Berkeley: University of California Press. 10-ISBN 0-520-20237-6; 13-ISBN 978-0-520-20237-5; OCLC 246558189—Reprint edition, 1998. ISBN 0-520-21371-8
- Hoyt, Edwin P. (1992). Hirohito: The Emperor and the Man. New York: Praeger Publishers. 10-ISBN 0-275-94069-1; 13-ISBN 978-0-275-94069-0; OCLC 23766658
|Empress consort of Japan
|Empress Dowager of Japan