Episcopal Diocese of Tennessee
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (November 2008)|
|Diocese of Tennessee|
|Ecclesiastical province||IV (Southeast)|
|Cathedral||Christ Church Cathedral|
|Bishop||John C. Bauerschmidt|
Location of the Diocese of Tennessee
The Episcopal Diocese of Tennessee is the diocese of the Episcopal Church in the United States of America that covers roughly Middle Tennessee. A single diocese spanned the entire state until 1982, when the Episcopal Diocese of West Tennessee was created; the Diocese of Tennessee was again split in 1985 when the Episcopal Diocese of East Tennessee was formed. It is headquartered in Nashville, Tennessee.
The diocese includes 52 parishes and mission outposts. Most of its present communicants reside in the metropolitan Nashville area (chiefly Davidson, Rutherford, Sumner, and Williamson counties). St. Paul's Church in Franklin is the diocese's oldest congregation.
Episcopate and offices
The Right Reverend John C. Bauerschmidt was consecrated as the eleventh Bishop of Tennessee on January 27, 2007. He is the third bishop to serve since the final territorial separation in 1985; his predecessors were George L. Reynolds (1985–91) and Bertram Nelson Herlong (1993–2005).
The seat of the bishop is Christ Church Cathedral in Nashville, which was designated the diocesan cathedral in 1997. Weekday diocesan offices are located at the former property of St. Andrew's Church in the Green Hills neighborhood (see below for background information). From 1985 to 2013, the Diocese maintained offices in closer proximity to downtown Nashville but has not, nor at present intends to, occupied any portion of its Cathedral, which was a pre-existing parish prior to its designation, with them.
From 1871 until the division of the diocese (1982–1983), the seat of the bishop was St. Mary's Episcopal Cathedral in Memphis; it continues today as the cathedral for the West Tennessee diocese.
History and development
In a history of the diocese published in celebration of its 175th anniversary, Herlong, the 10th bishop of the diocese, writes:
For 175 years, the Diocese of Tennessee has proclaimed the Gospel of Jesus Christ in the Episcopal manner and tradition. On July 1–2, 1829, the fledgling church gathered at the Masonic Hall in Nashville to hold the primary convention of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the State of Tennessee. Three clergy and six laymen representing four congregations met with Bishop John Stark Ravenscroft of the Diocese of North Carolina presiding. In that same year, the 16th general Convention meeting in Philadelphia on August 12–20 admitted the church in the state of Tennessee into union with the General Convention.
Since that time, the Episcopal Church in Tennessee has grown and now consists of three dioceses with 137 congregations and 37,518 baptized members.
Someone recently told me that the past is the prologue to the future. I believe that is true. We have a "goodly heritage" as Episcopalian Christians and we can face the future with confidence and hope. In our time and generation may we be faithful and continue the mission and ministry so well begun by those who have gone before.
Much of the early growth of the Diocese of Tennessee occurred in plantation regions, mainly centered in the hilly, fertile tobacco-growing region south of Nashville and in the cotton-producing lands of the Mississippi River region in southwestern Tennessee, the church being imported by Anglican loyalists from Virginia and North Carolina. It was not until after the American Civil War that the Episcopal church penetrated much of East Tennessee, and well into the 20th century before many other towns elsewhere in the state got their own churches. The University of the South, located on the Cumberland Plateau in Sewanee, Tennessee, however, helped the fledgling diocese in matters of clergy development. As with much of American Protestantism during the period after World War II, the Episcopal Church flourished in newly-developing suburban areas, a large number of the new churches being missions founded by long-established in-town parishes.
By the 1960s and during the episcopate of John Vander Horst, enough growth had taken place that the diocese had established offices in Nashville and Knoxville in addition to the cathedral in Memphis in order to economically provide episcopal care to parishes and missions throughout the state; Vander Horst maintained his office in Nashville while keeping his seat in Memphis. The process for division of the state into three territories began when Vander Horst retired in 1977, under the aegis of his successor, William E. Sanders. Upon approval by the General Convention of the Episcopal Church in 1982, the diocese excised its western counties first, followed by the eastern counties two years later. The remaining territory in Middle Tennessee became the legal successor to the statewide diocese.
List of Parishes
- All Saints, Smyrna
- Calvary Church, Cumberland Furnace
- Christ Church, Alto
- Christ Church, Tracy City
- Christ Church Cathedral, Nashville 
- Church of Our Savior, Gallatin 
- Church of St. James the Less, Madison 
- Church of St. Joseph of Arimathea, Hendersonville 
- Church of the Advent, Nashville 
- Church of the Epiphany, Lebanon 
- Church of the Epiphany, Sherwood
- Church of the Good Shepherd, Brentwood 
- Church of the Holy Comforter, Monteagle
- Church of the Holy Cross, Murfreesboro 
- Church of the Holy Spirit, Nashville 
- Church of the Messiah, Pulaski
- Church of the Redeemer, Shelbyville
- Church of the Resurrection, Franklin 
- Grace Chapel, Rossview
- Grace Church, Spring Hill 
- Holy Trinity Church, Nashville 
- Otey Memorial Parish, Sewanee 
- St. Agnes' Mission, Cowan 
- St. Andrew's Church, New Johnsonville
- St. Ann's Church, Nashville 
- St. Anselm's Church, Nashville
- St. Augustine's Chapel (Vanderbilt University), Nashville 
- St. Barnabas' Church, Tullahoma 
- St. Bartholomew's Church, Nashville 
- St. Bede's Church, Manchester 
- St. David's Church, Nashville 
- St. George's Church, Nashville 
- St. James' Church, Dickson 
- St. James' Church, Sewanee 
- St. Luke's Church, Springfield
- St. Mark's Church, Antioch 
- St. Mary Magdalene Church, Fayetteville
- St. Matthew's Church, McMinnville
- St. Michael's Church, Cookeville 
- St. Paul's Church, Franklin 
- St. Paul's Church, Murfreesboro 
- St. Peter's Church, Columbia 
- St. Philip's Church, Nashville 
- Trinity Church, Clarksville 
- Trinity Church, Winchester 
Beginning with the Herlong episcopate in the 1990s, the diocese embarked on an aggressive church extension program, particularly to the fast-growing suburbs of Nashville. Many of the clergy recruited to serve those missions were conservative evangelical in orientation, and some of them, along with their laity, expressed sympathy for the Anglican realignment movement after V. Gene Robinson, a practicing homosexual, was consecrated to the episcopacy of New Hampshire in 2003. Some established parishes and missions were served by conservative priests during this period also.
The diocese became highly polarized as these theologically conservative clergy and some of their laity, supported by the Bishop, objected vocally to increased social and theological liberalism within the Episcopal church. Their positions brought them into conflict with other clergy and laity, mostly in the Nashville and Sewanee areas, who supported a more Broad Church tradition. Prior to that time, the general theological orientation among Tennessee Episcopalians had been toward liberalization and tolerance, especially since the 1960s, despite outspoken opposition by traditionalists.
Matters came to a head when the diocese attempted to elect a successor bishop upon Herlong's retirement in 2006. With delegates to the diocesan convention sharply divided and thus unable to come to a decision from a first slate of nominees, another slate had to be submitted, and even then, the voting required numerous ballots and several adjourned sessions to complete, a situation highly unusual for an American Episcopal diocese. Finally, the diocesan convention settled on Bauerschmidt, a moderate.
Disappointed in the results of the election, and fueled by the national church's refusal to reconsider its socially liberal positions on numerous issues including homosexuality, some conservatives began to withdraw from the Diocese and align with alternate Anglican structures.
Some of the effects from the dismay on the part of conservatives include the following:
- Some communicants and members of St. Bartholomew's Church in Nashville, St. Barnabas' Church in Tullahoma, and All Saints' Church in Smyrna (the latter a recent new church start) left their respective congregations in order to form continuing Anglican churches. St. Bartholomew's had been noted as one of the first Southern parishes that embraced the charismatic movement in the 1970s, under then-rector Charles H. Murphy, Jr.; the legacy left behind was a conservative evangelicalism that was for years quite distinctive among the area's Episcopal congregations. Despite the defection, St. Bartholomew's remains strongly conservative in theology, however, while the other two have moved more toward a moderate-to-liberal stance.
- Most of the membership of two congregations, Winchester's Trinity Church and Murfreesboro's Holy Cross Church, left, including their rectors, to, again, establish continuing Anglican congregations. The remaining communicants are in the process of rebuilding their churches under new clerical leadership who are, unlike their predecessors, loyal to the national Episcopal Church. The Winchester church eventually joined the Southeast Tennessee Episcopal Ministry (STEM) group of small mission churches near Sewanee in order to provide regular clerical leadership.
- Three conservative-oriented missions started during the Herlong episcopate, located in Franklin, Thompson's Station, and Clarksville, closed due to membership defection and leadership changes. Another in Goodlettsville joined a nearby parish (officially a merger) in Hendersonville, several years after their planting priest resigned his orders and joined the Roman Catholic Church, and because of the effect the economic recession of the late 2000s had on mission funding in the Diocese.
- A small mission near Sewanee, St. Agnes' Church in Cowan, separated itself from the STEM group ministry (see above) in order to have a conservative vicar of its own.
- On October 30, 2009, the Diocese filed a complaint in the Chancery Court of Davidson County, seeking the property of St. Andrew's Church in Nashville, a historically Anglo-Catholic parish that has, according to the Diocese, discontinued participation in the Diocese in order to align itself with the Anglican Diocese of Quincy, based in Illinois. In April 2010, the court ruled in favor of the Diocese, but the parish appealed the ruling, eventually going all the way to the Tennessee Supreme Court. After the 2004 approval of the Robinson consecration, the parish removed the word "Episcopal" from its signage and its official name, to signal its sharp disapproval of the actions of General Convention. The parish has a long history, as do many other Anglo-Catholic parishes in the U.S., in involvement in conservative protest against national policies, going to back to its opposition to the revision of the Book of Common Prayer and women's ordination in the 1970s. By late 2012, the parish had lost its appeal to the state Supreme Court and was forced to vacate its premises on Christmas Day, moving to a nearby Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod congregation's facilities and severing its last remaining tie with the Episcopal Church. During the 2013 Diocesan Convention, Bishop Bauerschmidt announced that the Diocese would relocate its offices to the property in September 2013.
Some conservatives have remained loyal to the Diocese, but it appears that the balance of power now rests with a coalition of liberals and moderates. It appears that most of the forementioned controversies within the Diocese have been laid to rest, with no expectations of future schismatic activity.
Gallery of bishops
Rt. Rev. James Hervey Otey, First Bishop of Tennessee
Rt. Rev. Thomas F. Gailor, Third Bishop of Tennessee, President of the National Council
The Rt. Rev. James Matthew Maxon, Fifth Bishop of Tennessee
Rt. Rev. William Sanders, Eighth Bishop of Tennessee; First Bishop of East Tennessee
- "The Diocese". The Episcopal Diocese of Tennessee. Retrieved 2007-12-08.
- Fletch Coke, ed., Episcopal Diocese of Tennessee: 175th Anniversary Book, 2004, P. 2
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- "Home". Stjamesmadison.net. Retrieved 2012-07-26.
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- "USA Sung Shin Korean Church :: Nashville :: Korean Church :: Celebrating Kingdomtide". Usasungshin.org. 2011-05-01. Retrieved 2012-07-26.
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- The Reverend Dr. Linda A. Hutton. "St. James Episcopal Church". Stjamessewanee.org. Retrieved 2012-07-26.
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- "FAQs". Standrewsnashville.org. Retrieved 2012-07-26.
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- "St. Andrew's Parish in Nashville to bid home sad farewell". Tennessean.com. Retrieved 2012-12-24.
- "Convention Address". diocesan newsletter. February 2013. Retrieved 2013-02-08.