||This biographical article needs additional citations for verification. (June 2012)|
June 25, 1929 |
Syracuse, New York, USA
|Genres||Children's picture books|
|Notable award(s)||Laura Ingalls Wilder Medal
Eric Carle (born June 25, 1929) is an American designer, illustrator, and writer of children's books. He is most famous for The Very Hungry Caterpillar, a picture book with few words that has been translated into more than 50 languages. Since it was published in 1969 he has illustrated more than 70 books, most of which he also wrote, and more than 103 million copies of his books have been sold around the world.
Early life 
Eric Carle was born in 1929 to German immigrants Johanna and Erich Carle in Syracuse, New York. When he was six years old his mother, homesick for Germany, led the family back to Stuttgart. He was educated there and graduated from the local art school (ABK-Stuttgart in German Wikipedia). Eric's father was drafted into the German army at the beginning of World War II (1939) and taken prisoner by the Soviet forces when Germany capitulated early in 1945. He returned home late in 1947 weighing 85 pounds. "When he came back, he was a broken man," Carle told The Guardian years later. He was a "sick man, psychologically, physically devastated." Eric had been sent to the small town of Schwenningen to escape the bombings of Stuttgart. When he was 15 the German government conscripted boys of that age to dig trenches on the Siegfried line. He doesn't care to think about it deeply and says his wife thinks he suffers from post-traumatic stress. "You know about the Siegfried line? To dig trenches. And the first day three people were killed a few feet away. None of us children -- Russian prisoners and other conscripted workers. The nurses came and started crying. And in Stuttgart, our home town, our house was the only one standing. When I say standing, I mean the roof and windows are gone, and the doors. And, well, there you are." Always homesick for America, Eric dreamed of returning one day and moved to New York City in 1952 with only $40. There he landed a job as graphic designer in the promotion department of The New York Times. He was drafted into the U.S. Army during the Korean War and stationed in Germany with the Second Armored Division as a mail clerk. After discharge he returned to his old job with The New York Times. Later he became the art director of an advertising agency.
Writing and illustrating career 
Educator and author Bill Martin Jr., after noticing an illustration of a red lobster Carle had created for an advertisement, asked him to illustrate a story. Brown Bear, Brown Bear, What Do You See? was the result of their collaboration, and became a best-seller. This began Carle’s true career; soon he was writing and illustrating his own stories. His first wholly original book was 1,2,3 to the Zoo, followed quickly by The Very Hungry Caterpillar.
Eric Carle’s art is distinctive and instantly recognizable. His art work is created in collage technique, using hand-painted papers, which he cuts and layers to form bright and colorful images. Many of his books have an added dimension—die-cut pages, twinkling lights as in The Very Lonely Firefly, even the lifelike sound of a cricket’s song as in The Very Quiet Cricket.
The themes of his stories are usually drawn from his extensive knowledge and love of nature— an interest shared by most small children. Carle attempts to make his books not only entertaining, but also to offer his readers the opportunity to learn something about the world around them. When writing, Carle attempts to recognize children's feelings, inquisitiveness and creativity, as well as stimulate their intellectual growth; it is for these reasons (in addition to his unique artwork) that many feel his books have been such a success.
“With many of my books I attempt to bridge the gap between the home and school. To me home represents, or should represent; warmth, security, toys, holding hands, being held. School is a strange and new place for a child. Will it be a happy place? There are new people, a teacher, classmates—will they be friendly?
I believe the passage from home to school is the second biggest trauma of childhood; the first is, of course, being born. Indeed, in both cases we leave a place of warmth and protection for one that is unknown. The unknown often brings fear with it. In my books I try to counteract this fear, to replace it with a positive message. I believe that children are naturally creative and eager to learn. I want to show them that learning is really both fascinating and fun.” -Eric Carle
Later life 
Eric Carle has a son and a daughter. He currently divides his time between the Florida Keys and the Hills of North Carolina. For over 30 years, Carle and his second wife, Bobbie Morrison, lived in Northampton, Massachusetts.
With his wife, Eric Carle founded The Eric Carle Museum of Picture Book Art, a 44,000 sq ft (4,100 m2) museum devoted to the art of children's books in Amherst located adjacent to Hampshire College as part of the Hampshire College Cultural Village. The Museum has welcomed more than 500,000 visitors since it opened its doors in 2002. Carle received an honorary doctorate from Bates College in 2007.
Google paid tribute to Carle and his book The Very Hungry Caterpillar by asking him to design their logo "Google doodle", on their home page on March 20, 2009, celebrating the first day of spring. (Carle also designed "Google doodle" for autumn theme for the use in Southern Hemisphere.)
His book The Very Hungry Caterpillar was chosen as the book for Jumpstart's 2009 Read For the Record program on October 8. Read For the Record encourages educators, librarians and parents to try to have as many as possible read the same book and the same day all over the world.
Carle has won numerous awards for his work in children's literature and most for his collages, all from 1989 to 2008.[clarification needed] He received the Laura Ingalls Wilder Medal from the American Library Association in 2003 recognizing his cumulative "substantial and lasting contributions to children's literature".
1965, Aesop's Fables for Modern Readers (Peter Pauper Press) (illustrator)
1965, Nature Thoughts: A Selection (Peter Pauper Press) (illustrator)
1966, On Friendship: A Selection (Peter Pauper Press) (illustrator)
1967, Flower Thoughts: A Selection (Peter Pauper Press) (illustrator)
1967, Brown Bear, Brown Bear, What Do You See? (illustrator)
1968, 1, 2, 3 to the Zoo
1969, The Very Hungry Caterpillar
1970, Pancakes, Pancakes!
1970, The Tiny Seed
1970, Tales of the Nincompoop (illustrator)
1970, The Boastful Fisherman (illustrator)
1971, Feathered Ones and Furry (illustrator)
1971, The Scarecrow Clock (illustrator)
1971, Do You Want to Be My Friend?
1972, Rooster’s Off to See the World
1972, The Very Long Tail
1972, The Secret Birthday Message
1972, Walter the Baker
1973, Do Bears Have Mothers Too? (illustrator)
1973, Have You Seen My Cat?
1973, I See a Song, 1973
1974, Split-page book collection:
- My Very First Book of Numbers
- My Very First Book of Colors
- My Very First Book of Shapes
- My Very First Book of Words
1974, Why Noah Chose the Dove (illustrator)
1974, All About Arthur
1975, The Hole in the Dike (illustrator)
1975, The Mixed-Up Chameleon
1976, Eric Carle’s Storybook, Seven Tales by the Brothers Grimm
1977, The Grouchy Ladybug
1978, Watch Out! A Giant!
1978, Seven Stories by Hans Christian Andersen (sequel to Seven Tales by the Brothers Grimm)
1980, Twelve Tales from Aesop
1981, The Honeybee and the Robber
1982, Otter Nonsense (illustrator)
1982, Catch the Ball!
1982, What's for Lunch
1983, Chip Has Many Brothers (illustrator)
1984, The Very Busy Spider
1985, The Foolish Tortoise (illustrator)
1985, The Greedy Python (illustrator, companion to The Foolish Tortoise)
1985, The Mountain that Loved a Bird (illustrator)
1986, All Around Us
1986, Papa, Please Get the Moon for Me
1986, Group of small-format books:
- My Very First Book of Sounds
- My Very First Book of Food
- My Very First Book of Tools
- My Very First Book of Touch
- My Very First Book of Motion
- My Very First Book of Growth
- My Very First Book of Homes
- My Very First Book of Heads
1988, Eric Carle’s Treasury of Classic Stories for Children
1989, Animals Animals (illustrator)
1990, The Very Quiet Cricket
1991, Polar Bear, Polar Bear, What Do You Hear? (illustrator)
1991, Dragons Dragons (illustrator)
1992, Draw Me a Star
1993, Today Is Monday
1994, My Apron
1995, The Very Lonely Firefly
1996, Little Cloud
1997, From Head to Toe
1997, Flora and Tiger: 19 very short stories from my life
1998, Hello, Red Fox
1998, You Can Make a Collage: A Very Simple How-to Book
1999, The Very Clumsy Click Beetle
2000, Does A Kangaroo Have A Mother, Too?
2000, Dream Snow
2002, “Slowly, Slowly, Slowly,” said the Sloth
2003, Where Are You Going? To See My Friend! (with Kazuo Iwamura)
2003, Panda Bear, Panda Bear, What Do You See? (illustrator)
2004, Mister Seahorse
2005, 10 Little Rubber Ducks
2006, My Very First Book of Numbers
2007, Baby Bear, Baby Bear, What Do You See?
2008, The Rabbit and the Turtle
2009, Google Logo Design (illustrator)
2009, The Very Hungry Caterpillar, Pop-Up Edition (40th Anniversary Tribute Book)
2011, The Artist Who Painted A Blue Horse
See also 
- Carle, Eric (1996). The Art of Eric Carle. New York, NY: Philomel Books. ISBN 0-399-24600-2.
- Bernstein, Fred A. (2007-12-13). "Hungry Caterpillar in the Florida Keys". The New York Times.
- NISSY"Eric Carle". Bates College. Retrieved 2009-02-02.
- "Laura Ingalls Wilder Award, Past winners". Association for Library Service to Children (ALSC). ALA.
"About the Laura Ingalls Wilder Award". ALSC. ALA. Retrieved 2013-03-09.
- Official website
- The Eric Carle Museum of Picture book Art
- Commencement address by Carle at Bates College (2007)
- This one's got legs - interview of Carle by Emma Brockes in The Guardian (March 14, 2009)
- Google logo design reported by The Daily Telegraph