|Type||Società per azioni (Holding company)|
|Traded as||BIT: EXO|
|Founded||27 July 1927 (IFI)|
|Key people||John Elkann (Chairman and CEO)|
|Revenue||€113.740 billion (2013)|
|Operating income||€6.573 billion (2013)|
|Profit||€ 2,085 million (2013)|
|Total assets||€132.68 billion (2013)|
|Total equity||€20.94 billion (2013)|
|Employees||305,963 (end 2013)|
Exor S.p.A. (stylized EXOR) is an Italian-based investment company controlled by the Agnelli family (26th in the 2012 Fortune Global 500 list). The firm dates back to 1927 when Giovanni Agnelli formed Istituto Finanziario Italiano (IFI) to manage his investments in Fiat, Cinzano and other companies, as well as his interests in the village of Sestriere. Exor is also the controlling shareholder of CNH Industrial (formed by the merger of Fiat Industrial and CNH) and of Cushman & Wakefield (the world's largest privately held real estate services company). Shares in the company are listed on the Borsa Italiana and are a constituent of the FTSE MIB index.
In 1957 IFI acquired control of Istituto Commerciale Laniero Italiano, which conducted activities in the financial field, particularly in the textile and wool sector. In 1963 it extended its operations to the banking system and changed its name to Istituto Bancario Italiano Laniero. Three years later, having spun off the banking business to Banca Subalpina, the company became Istituto Finanziario Italiano Laniero (IFIL), playing a parallel role to that of IFI and conducting similar investment management activities.
IFI gained holdings in numerous firms over the decades, including Unicem and 3M, many of which have since been divested. IFI listed preference shares on the Borsa Italiana in 1968. A reorganisation of the Agnelli family's holdings in 2008 led to the merger of IFI and IFIL to create Exor, the new name being taken from the French company (then the majority owner of Perrier water and the Château Margaux estate) which it acquired in 1991.
Exor is ranked 26th richest company according to the 2012 Fortune Global 500 list.
Declared shareholdings as of November 2014:
|Company||% of share capital|
|Cushman & Wakefield||79.79%|
|Juventus Football Club||63.77%|
|Fiat Chrysler Automobiles||31.26%|
- Rossant, John (16 December 1991). "THE AGNELLIS BUY THEIR WAY INTO EUROPE '92". BusinessWeek. Retrieved 2009-09-30.
- "Fortune Global 500". CNN Money.
- "Investments". Exor.