Exor (company)

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Exor S.p.A.
Società per azioni (Holding company)
Traded as BITEXO
Industry Investment company
Founded 27 July 1927 (IFI)
Headquarters Turin, Italy
Key people
John Elkann (Chairman and CEO)
Products Industrial holdings
Revenue €113.740 billion (2013)
€6.573 billion (2013)
Profit €2.085 billion (2013)
Total assets €132.68 billion (2013)
Total equity €20.94 billion (2013)
Owner Agnelli family
Number of employees
305,963 (end 2013)
Website www.exor.com

Exor S.p.A. (stylized EXOR) is an Italian-based investment company controlled by the Agnelli family (24th in the 2013 Fortune Global 500 list). The firm dates back to 1927 when Giovanni Agnelli formed Istituto Finanziario Italiano (IFI) to manage his investments in Fiat, Cinzano and other companies, as well as his interests in the village of Sestriere. Exor is the controlling shareholder of Fiat Chrysler Automobiles, CNH Industrial (formed by the merger of Fiat Industrial and CNH) and of Cushman & Wakefield (the world's largest privately held real estate services company). Shares in the company are listed on the Borsa Italiana and are a constituent of the FTSE MIB index.


In 1957 IFI acquired control of Istituto Commerciale Laniero Italiano, which conducted activities in the financial field, particularly in the textile and wool sector. In 1963 it extended its operations to the banking system and changed its name to Istituto Bancario Italiano Laniero. Three years later, having spun off the banking business to Banca Subalpina, the company became Istituto Finanziario Italiano Laniero (IFIL), playing a parallel role to that of IFI and conducting similar investment management activities.

IFI gained holdings in numerous firms over the decades, including Unicem and 3M, many of which have since been divested. IFI listed preference shares on the Borsa Italiana in 1968. A reorganisation of the Agnelli family's holdings in 2008 led to the merger of IFI and IFIL to create Exor, the new name being taken from the French company (then the majority owner of Perrier water and the Château Margaux estate) which it acquired in 1991.[1]

The family firm Giovanni Agnelli & C. owns 51,39% of the share capital, the remainder is free float.

Exor is ranked 24th richest company according to the 2013 Fortune Global 500 list.[2]


Declared shareholdings as of November 2014:[3]

Company % of share capital
Cushman & Wakefield 80.91%
Juventus F.C. 63.77%
Almacantar 38.29%
Fiat Chrysler Automobiles 30.81%
CNH Industrial 27.10%
Banca Leonardo 17.37%
Banijay Entertainment 17.09%
Economist Group 4.72%


  1. ^ Rossant, John (16 December 1991). "THE AGNELLIS BUY THEIR WAY INTO EUROPE '92". BusinessWeek. Retrieved 2009-09-30. 
  2. ^ "Fortune Global 500". CNN Money. 
  3. ^ "Investments". Exor. 

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