TIM (Company)

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TIM
SPA
Industry Phone Networks, Internet provider
Founded 1925 as Stipel, 1964 as SIP, 1996 as Telecom Italia, 2015 as TIM
Headquarters Rome, Italy
Area served
Italy, San Marino, Brazil
Key people
Marco Patuano (CEO)
Products DSL services, 3G and 4G Networks, Phone Networks
Revenue Decrease -23 Billion € (Total Debt 2013)[1]
Number of employees
65623
Website Tim.it

TIM, formerly known as Telecom Italia, is an Italian telecommunications company which provides GSM networks for mobile phones and DSL services. This company is the result of the 1994 privatization of SIP. Tim Brazil, Olivetti, Telecom Italia Sparkle are the main brands of TIM Group.

History[edit]

1925-1964: Stipel Company and early mandatory Phone Tax[edit]

The phone network in northern Italy was reorganised by Benito Mussolini cabinet; Stipel company (SIP predecessor) was estabilished in 1925. It served the phone network in northern Italy till 1964.

1964-1996: SIP Company[edit]

SIP, the former company name, was founded in 1964 in Italy. It was run by the Italian Governament, Ministry of Treasury. SIP is the short name for Società Idroelettrica Piemontese. It was the unique Phone Network monopolist in Italy since 1964 to 1996 and Italian people had to pay the "Canone Telecom" (Mandatory Telecom Tax of about 120 € per year plus hardware and bills) in order to have a phone at home.

Telecom Italia 1996-2015 Official Logo

1996-2005: Telecom Italia and Telecom Italia Mobile and DSL services[edit]

Telecom Italia and Telecom Italia Mobile companies born in 1996 from the previous Italian state owned company. Telecom Italia Mobile was Telecom Italia's mobile phone brand since 1996 to February 2015. First mobile phone provider in Italy for customers (35 millions) and coverage (99.9% of population). TIM runs a GSM, EDGE, UMTS, HSPA and LTE network and is headquartered both in Rome (operations) and Milan (administration). In Brazil TIM is second largest operator with 74 millions customers and runs a GSM, EDGE, UMTS, HSPA and LTE network. TIM Brasil has its Brazilian headquarter in Rio De Janeiro.[citation needed] TIM Perú was sold to América Móvil and rebranded Claro.[citation needed] TIM sold its share in the Venezuelan mobile operator Digitel TIM to Televenco, a company owned by the Cisneros Group, since then the company's name has been Digitel. The agreement was approved by the Venezuelan regulatory authority Conatel. TIM Turkey was founded in 2004 and operated a GSM, EDGE and UMTS network. In September 2006, Türk Telekom acquired Telecom Italia's shares of 40.6% and the network became Avea. TIM Hellas, the Greek operator owned by Telecom Italia and previously known as STET Hellas (Telestet) was sold in 2005 to Apax Partners and Texas Pacific Group. In 2007 the company was sold to Orascom Telecom and TIM Hellas, Q-Telecom and also Tellas (a fixed phone/ADSL provider whose 50%+1 share is owned by Orascom's Italian Wind company) renamed to Wind on 5 June 2007.[citation needed]. TIM through its mother company Telecom Italia owns shares in Telecom Argentina and its mobile operator Personal.

TIM is the default network for T-Mobile and Orange customers entering Italy as part of the FreeMove alliance.[citation needed]

  • In Italy, 4G LTE is active in 2,560 cities, (77%)[citation needed] including: Ancona, Bari, Bologna, Cagliari, Catania, Florence, Genoa, Milan, Naples, Palermo, Perugia, Pescara, Reggio Calabria, Rome, Trento, Trieste and Turin
  • 4G+/LTE Plus boasting speeds of up to 180-225 MB exploiting the 4G carrier aggregation is now available in more than 60 cities in Italy: Rome, Milan, Turin, Naples, Florence, Genoa, Palermo, Catania and Bari.

It was the first mobile phone provider in Italy for 35 millions costumers and coverage. TIM runs a GSM, EDGE, HSPA (3 Generation mobile Internet) and LTE (4 Generation mobile Internet) network and is headquartered both in Rome (operation branch) and Milan (administration branch). In Brazil TIM is second Brazilian largest operator with 74 millions customers and runs a GSM, EDGE, HSPA networks. TIM Brasil is headquartered in Rio de Janeiro. 3G mobile speed megabyte per second is active in 2500 cities in Italy. In 2001 the company had a lot of debts.[2] In 2001 the company was bought by Marco Tronchetti Provera.[3]

In 2001 the company had a lot of debts.[4] In 2001 the company was bought by Marco Tronchetti Provera.[3]

In 2002, Telecom Italia released its DSL Flat service in Italy: Alice ADSL, with a download speed of 32 kbit/s and an upload speed of 8 kbit/s for 40 €/month plus a monthly based tax of 14,57 €, the "Canone Telecom", besides the mandatory monthly bills for the home telephone numbers (without a home telephone number you couldn't get the ADSL service).[5]

Telecom Italia Media, born in 2003 from Seat Pagine Gialle, focused its business on television sector with La7 and MTV channels.[6]

In 2002, Telecom Italia released its ADSL Flat service in Italy: Alice ADSL, with a download speed of 32 kbit/s and an upload speed of 8 kbit/s for 40 €/month plus a monthly based tax of 14,57 €, the "Canone Telecom", besides the mandatory monthly bills for the home telephone numbers (without a home telephone number you couldn't get the ADSL service).[5] Telecom Italia Media, born in 2003 from Seat Pagine Gialle, focused its business on television sector with La7 and MTV channels.[7]

2005 to 2014: Telecom Italia Spa bought by Telefonica[edit]

Telecom Italia had bigger debts in 2005,[8] it acquired Tin.it and Virgilio from Telecom Italia Media, the multimedia company of the Group.[9] In 2005 CEO Tronchetti Provera resigns.[8]

In 2007 the company was bought by "Telco" (Telco is composed by Telefónica and several Italian banks).[3] Telefónica currently owns 46% of Telco, the holding company that controls 22% of Telecom Italia.

In late 2013, Telefónica announced its intention to acquire the entirety of Telco by January 2014, potentially becoming Telecom Italia's largest shareholder. The plan, however, is being challenged by the Brazilian competition authority since Telefónica and Telecom Italia, with Vivo and TIM respectively, are the two largest telephone companies competing in Brazil. The company operates network telephone services in Italy, GSM mobile phone services in Italy and Brazil through its TIM subsidiary, and DSL internet and telephony services in Italy and San Marino.

TIM operates in international professional telecommunication services for other operators or corporations through TI Sparkle. In 2013, the total amount of the company's debt is about 26 billions €.[1] Telecom Italia controls Olivetti, a company peripherals and mobile phones and computer company.

Italian people had to mandatory pay the "Canone Telecom" since 1964 till the 2000s, a monthly based tax of 14,57 €, besides the monthly bills for the home telephone numbers.[5]

National fraud in Brazilian prepaid mobile lines[edit]

On 8 August 2012, TIM Brazil became involved in a massive scandal in Brazilian news after the release of report by the Brazilian National Telecommunications Agency Anatel.[10]

The report points that on TIM's prepaid voice plan (24.7% market share), called "Infinity" (in which the user pays roughly US$0.12 for each unlimited time call), the calls were intentionally dropped by the company, forcing the customers to make (and pay for) new calls to keep talking. In just one day, 8.1 million calls were dropped and the total profit was approximately US$2 million.

Upon release of the report, the Public Ministry of the Paraná State filed a lawsuit against TIM asking that it stop selling new mobile lines in Brazil and pay a multi million dollar fine for the damages against consumers.[11]

2015: Rebrand[edit]

In 2015 the company was rebranded as TIM and it has still a debt of 26 billions €, the CEO is Marco Patuano.

References[edit]

External links[edit]