Fatehgarh Sahib

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This article is about the municipality in Punjab, India. For its namesake district, see Fatehgarh Sahib district.
Fatehgarh Sahib
ਫ਼ਤਿਹਗੜ੍ਹ ਸਾਹਿਬ
city
Fatehgarh Sahib Gurdwara, Punjab
Fatehgarh Sahib Gurdwara, Punjab
Punjab
Fatehgarh Sahib
Fatehgarh Sahib
Location in Punjab, India
Coordinates: 30°23′N 76°14′E / 30.38°N 76.23°E / 30.38; 76.23Coordinates: 30°23′N 76°14′E / 30.38°N 76.23°E / 30.38; 76.23
Country  India
State Punjab
District Fatehgarh Sahib
Elevation 246 m (807 ft)
Population
 • Total 50,788
Languages
 • Official Punjabi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 140406,140407
Telephone code +91-1763
Vehicle registration PB23
Website www.fatehgarhsahib.nic.in
[1]

Fatehgarh Sahib is headquarters of Fatehgarh Sahib district, one of the twenty districts in the state of Punjab in North-West India.

History[edit]

The city is an historically important town north of Patiala, especially for the Sikh faith. Gurudwara Fatehgarh Sahib, marks the site of the live entombment of the two younger sons, Sahibzada Fateh Singh and Sahibzada Zorawar Singh of the tenth Guru of the Sikhs, Sri Guru Gobind Singh on 12 December 1705, by the Governor of Sirhind, Wazir Khan,[1] the place is the today commemorated by Gurdwara Fatehgarh Sahib, 5 km (3.1 mi) north of the Sirhind.[2]

The name 'Fatehgarh', refers to the 'Town of Victory', because in 1710 Sikhs under the leadership of Banda Bahadur overran the area and razed the fort that was built during Balban's rule to the ground.

Nihang at the Jor Mela held every year in December to commemorate the martyrdom of the kin of Guru Gobind Singh.

Gurudwara Jyoti Sarup Sahib is about 1 km from Fatehgarh Sahib on Sirhind- Chandigarh road. It was at this place that the mortal remains of Mata Gujri, the mother of Guru Gobind Singh and his two younger sons, Sahibzada Fateh Singh and Sahibzada Zorawar Singh were cremated. Wazir Khan, the then Faujdar of Sirhind refused to allow the cremation of the bodies unless the land for the cremation was purchased by laying gold coins on it. Todar Mal, who was an ardent devotee of Guru Gobind Singh, purchased this place of land by offering gold coins as demanded. And thus etched his name in the annals of Sikh history and earned the salutation of Deewan.

The town is surrounded by four memorial gates, each in the memory of four important figures from the Sikh history associated with Sirhind. These are: Deewan Todar Mal, Nawab Sher Muhammed Khan, Baba Banda Singh Bahadur and Baba Moti Ram Mehra. Each person belonged to different castes/religions, thus depicting the harmony and brotherhood among people of those times.

Sarovar (sacred pool) at Fatehgarh Sahib Gurdwara, Punjab, India.

Sirhind is famous for renowned Mujaddad Alif Saani - Sheikh Ahmad Farooqi Sirhindi(Rh), great Sufi saint a founder and repairer of Naqshbandi- Majaddaddi school of Sufiism and graceism. His and his sons Hz. Masoom Sahib's and various others mausoleum is there, 200 metres (650') from Gurdwara Fateh Garh.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Sirhind Tourist Circuits & Cities of Punjab at punjabgovt.nic.in.
  2. ^ http://www.whereincity.com/photo-gallery/gurudwaras/fatehgarh-sahib-205.htm

External links[edit]