|Nickname(s): Shaheedon ki dharti (the land of martyrs)|
Location in Punjab, India
|Named for||Firuz Shah Tughlaq or Feroze Khan (Rajput)|
|• Deputy commissioner||Manjit Singh Narang|
|• Total||5,305 km2 (2,048 sq mi)|
|• Density||380/km2 (990/sq mi)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
Prior to split of Firozpur district with the addition of Fazilka district, it comprised an area of 11,142 km2 (4,302 sq mi). Firozopur now has an area of 5,305 km2 (2,048 sq mi). The surface is level, with the exception of a few sand-hills in the south and south-east. The country consists of two distinct tracts that are liable to annual fertilizing inundations from the Sutlej, the only river, which runs along the north-western boundary. The principal crops are wheat, barley, millet, gram, pulses, oil seeds, cotton, and tobacco. The manufactures are of the humblest kind, consisting chiefly of cotton and wool-weaving and are confined entirely to the supply of local wants. The other important towns and areas of commerce are Zira, Dharmkot, Mallanwalla, Bharana and Talwandi Bhai. Owing principally to the dryness of its climate (apart from annual rains in September and October), Firozpur has the reputation of being an exceptionally healthy district. It has a large number of rice mills in Punjab and used to be big trading centre before the partition of India.
Firozpur is the capital city of the district. The Firozpur Cantonment adjoining Firozpur city combines with the city to give the district its most urban hub. It is one of the oldest cantonments in India
Firozpur District was part of the Mamdot estate. The capital city, Firozpur, is believed to have been founded by Firoze Shah Tughluqe from which the district obtains its name. In 1838, as part of the first Anglo-Afghan war, troops of the British East India Company marched from Firozpur to Kabul. Seven years later during the Anglo-Sikh War the area was the scene of conflict between the Khalsa army and the British. It has always remained an important place throughout its existence. It has always remained as a border area, earlier between the Sikhs and the British and now between India and Pakistan. At the time of partition, to counterbalance the relatively small share of Gurdaspur district awarded to Pakistan, Radcliffe attempted to instead transfer Firozpur and Zira tehsils in Firozpur district to Pakistan. This was opposed by the Maharaja of Bikaner because Hussainiwala and Harike headworks on the confluence of the Satluj and Beas rivers, from where Gang canal originated, the only source of water for his desert state, was in Firozpur. It was only after he threatened Mountbatten, that he would accede his state to Pakistan if Firozpur was awarded to West Punjab, that the award was changed at the last minute and all of Firozpur district was awarded to India. The city is situated inside ten gates -- Amritsari Gate, Wansi Gate, Makhu Gate, Zira Gate, Bagdadi Gate, Mori Gate, Delhi Gate, Magjani Gate, Multani Gate and Kasuri Gate.
Location and Geography and Geography
The district is located next to and shares its border with Pakistan, the border being to its west. It has the district of Tarn Taran to its north. On the east of Firozpur district are Moga district and Faridkot district. Towards the south it touches Muktsar district as well. On the southwest lies newly created Fazilka district with Ganganagar district of Rajasthan being further south. On the North it is separated from Kapurthala district and in the northwest it is separated from Tarn Taran district by Satluj River (formerly: Sutlej).
Firozpur has extremes of climate, with the summers being very hot and the winters very cold. The River Sutluj runs through the district and moves over to the Pakistan side through the Firozpur Pakistan border. There is a large lake made at the Hussainiwala headworks.
According to the 2011 census Firozpur district has a population of 2,026,831, roughly equal to the nation of Slovenia or the US state of New Mexico. This gives it a ranking of 230th in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 380 inhabitants per square kilometre (980 /sq mi). Its population growth rate over the decade 2001–2011 was 16.08%. Firozpur has a sex ratio of 893 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 69.8%. (This data is before the creation of Fazilka district)
- History - Ferozepur Online
- Population - Ferozepur Online
- "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30.
- US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. "Slovenia 2,000,092 July 2011 est."
- "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-30. "New Mexico - 2,059,179"
- M. Paul Lewis, ed. (2009). "Bagri: A language of India". Ethnologue: Languages of the World (16th edition ed.). Dallas, Texas: SIL International. Retrieved 2011-09-28.
- "District Ferozepur". Retrieved 2007-10-18.
||Pakistan||Taran Taran district||Kapurthala district
|Ganganagar district, Rajasthan||Hanumangarh district, Rajasthan|