Shahi Shehar, City of Gardens
|Moti Bagh Palace, Patiala now houses the National Institute of Sports|
|Nickname(s): Royal City|
|Founded by||Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji|
|Named for||Baba Ala Singh|
|• Body||Municipal Corporation of Patiala|
|• Mayor||Amarinder Singh Bajaj|
|• Deputy Mayor||JAGDISH CHOWDHRY|
|• Police commissioner||P.S. Gill|
|• Total||131.25 sq mi (339.9 km2)|
|Elevation||1,150 ft (350 m)|
|• Density||11,000/sq mi (4,400/km2)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Telephone code||Patiala: 91-(0)175, Rajpura: 91-(0)1762, Samana: 91-(0)1764, Nabha: 91-(0)1765 & Amloh: 91-(0)1768|
|ISO 3166 code||IN-Pb|
|Vehicle registration||Patiala: PB-11, Nabha: PB-34, Rajpura: PB-39, Samana: PB-42 & Amloh: PB-48|
|HDI Category||very high|
|The city of Patiala comprises as a Princely State and a Heritage City|
Patiala (Punjabi: ਪਟਿਆਲਾ) is a city located in south-eastern Punjab, in northern India. It is the fourth largest city in the state, and is the administrative capital of Patiala district. Patiala is located around a castle named Qila Mubarak (the Fortunate Castle). It was constructed by two militiamen Sardar Lakhna and Baba Ala Singh in 1763, and he stated that "Ala Singh will be sitting ruler while I should be the standing ruler of the state".
Patiala is an INC stronghold. In popular culture, the city remains famous for its traditional turban (a type of headgear), paranda (a kind of tasselled tag for braiding hair), patiala salwar (a type of female trousers), jutti (a type of footwear) and Patiala peg (a measure of liquor).
- 1 Geography
- 2 History
- 3 Education
- 4 Tourist attractions
- 5 Sporting venues and gardens
- 6 Governance
- 7 Demographics
- 8 Culture and traditions
- 9 District Administration
- 10 Transport
- 11 Entertainment
- 12 Notable people
- 13 Sister cities
- 14 See also
- 15 References
- 16 External links
Patiala is located at  It has an average elevation of 250 metres (820 feet). During short existence of PEPSU, Patiala served as it's capital city. During the reign of Maharajas, Patiala state extended from Narnaul, Hissar in Haryana to Kandaghat and Chail in Himachal pradesh..
It was ruled by Jat ruler Maharaja Narendra Singh (1845–1862)who fortified the city of Patiala by constructing ramparts and ten gates around the city:
- Darshani gate - Main entrance of Qila Mubarak
- Lahori gate
- Nabha gate
- Samana gate
- Sirhindi gate
- Sheranwala gate
- Safabadi gate
- Sunami gate
- Top Khana Gate
- Ghalori Gate
The royal house is now headed by His Highness Maharajadhiraj Captain Amarinder Singh, Mahendra Bahadur of Patiala who also served as the Chief Minister of Punjab from 2002 to 2007. The royals are still considered as cultural and political icons in Patiala.
Maharaja Karam singh who ruled from 1813 to 1845 the Sikh Kingdom of Patiala in Punjab was also known as a traitor who joined the British East India Company and helped the British during the First Anglo Sikh wars against another Imperial Sikh Empire of Punjab which was larger and extended from Tibet Kashmir, Plains of Punjab to Peshawar Near the Afghan corders.
Since Indian independence in 1947, Patiala has emerged as a major education center in the state of Punjab. The city houses Yadavindra Public School, a prestigious school set up by His Late Highness Maharajadhiraj Yadavindra Singh in 1948 which is now among the top run schools of the country, Punjabi University, Thapar University, Rajiv Gandhi National University of Law, General Shivdev Singh Diwan Gurbachan Singh Khalsa College, Mohindra College, Multani Mal Modi College, Rajindra Hospital, Government Medical College, Patiala, Government College for Girls, and Govt. Bikram College of Commerce, one of the premier commerce colleges in Northern India.
Netaji Subhash National Institute of Sports, Patiala is a sports hub of North India. Rajiv Gandhi National University of Law, Patiala was the first national law school of north region established under Punjab Government Act of 2006.
Patiala city has many playgrounds, including the Raja Bhalindra Sports Complex, more commonly known as Polo Ground on Lower Mall Road, which houses an indoor stadium. Other sports facilities include Yadavindra Sports Stadium for athletics, Rink Hall for roller skating, and National Institute of Sports, Patiala.
Qila Mubarak Complex
The Qila Mubarak complex stands in 10-acre ground in the heart of the city, and contains the main palace or Qila Androon (literally,'inner fort'), the guesthouse or Ran Baas and the Darbar Hall. Outside the Qila are the Darshani Gate, a Shiva temple, and bazaar shops which border the streets that run around the Qila and sell precious ornaments, colorful hand-woven fabrics, ‘jootis’ and bright ‘Parandis’.
It was the principal residence of the Patiala Royals until the construction of Old Moti Bagh Palace.
The entrance is through an imposing gate. The architectural style of this palace is a synthesis of late Mughal and Rajasthani. The complex has 10 courtyards along the north-south axis and each courtyard is unique in size and character, some being broad, others very small and still others mere slits in the fabric of building. Though the Androon is a single interconnected building, it is spoken of as a series of palaces. Each set of rooms makes a cluster around a courtyard, and each carries a name: Topkhana, Qila Mubarak, Sheesh Mahal, Treasury and Prison. Ten of the rooms are painted with frescoes or decorated intricately with mirror and gilt. In a tiny portion of the complex is a little British construction with Gothic arches, fireplaces made of marble and built-in toilets perched on the Mughal Rajasthani roof. Burj Baba Ala Singh even today has a fire smoldering ever since the time of Baba Ala Singh, along with a flame brought by him from Jwalaji. Every year its decorated beautifully for the Heritage Festival.
A part of the Old Moti Bagh Palace built in the 19th century by the Maharajas is the famous Sheesh Mahal, literally meaning the Palace of Mirrors. The mahal contains a large number of frescoes, most of which were made under His Highness Maharaja Narinder Singh. A lake in front of the palace adds to the beauty. Lakshman Jhula, a bridge built across the lake, is a famous attraction among the tourists. A museum housing the largest collection of Medals from the world collected by His Highness Maharaja Bhupinder Singh is also placed here.
Currently Sheesh Mahal is closed for public viewing because of renovation.
The Baradari Gardens is located in the north of old Patiala city, just outside Sheranwala Gate. The garden complex, set up during the reign of Maharaja Rajindera Singh has extensive vegetation of rare trees and shrubs and flower dotted with impressive Colonial buildings and a marble statue of Maharaja Rajindera Singh. It was built as a royal residence with a cricket stadium, a skating rink and a small palace set in its heart named Rajindera Kothi which after extensive restoration opened as a heritage hotel run by Neemrana Hotels group in 2009. It is Punjab's first heritage hotel. It is Situated Near Press Club Patiala . Press Club Patiala was established in 2006 and now headed by Mr. Parveen Komal President
National Institute of Sports
Founded in 1961, Netaji Subhas National Institute of Sports or NIS, is Asia's largest Sports Institute located in princely city of Patiala. The Institute was renamed as Netaji Subhas National Institute of Sports in January 1973. NIS is housed in the Old Moti Bagh palace of earstwhile royal family of Patiala, which was purchased by Government of India after Indian Independence. Today, several sport memoribilia, like a hass (doughnut shaped exercise disc), weighing 95 kg, used by The Great Gama, for squats, and Major Dhyan Chand`s gold medal, from 1928 Amsterdam Olympics, and PT Usha 1986 Seoul Asiad shoes, are housed at the National Institute of Sports Museum.NIS
Sporting venues and gardens
Patiala is home to numerous inter state sporting teams in tournaments like Black Elephants.[clarification needed] The city has facilities for sports such as cricket, swimming, shooting, skating and hockey. The City Has Stadiums Such as Dhruv Pandove Ground and Various other venues such as Yadavindra Public School, Raja Bhalinder Stadium and National Institute of Sports The latest addition to sports is the state of art Shotgun Shooting Ranges also housing New Moti Bagh Gun Club located at village Maine. Founded by the Royal family of Patiala, these ranges are home to Indian Shotgun Shooting team who routinely trains here. It has recently hosted 2nd Asian Championship for Shotgun.
Patiala Municipal Corporation (PMC) is the local body responsible for governing, developing and managing the city. (PMC) is further divided into 50 municipal wards.Patiala Development Authority (PDA) is an agency responsible for planning and development of the greater Patiala Metropolitan Area, which is revising the Patiala Master Plan and Building Bylaws. Patiala Development Department, a special department of the Government of Punjab, has been recently formed for Patiala overall development.
Patiala consists of three assembly constituencies: Patiala Urban, Patiala Rural, Sanaur.
As per provisional data of 2011 census Patiala urban agglomeration had a population of 1,488,409 of Patiala Metro. The literacy rate was 89.95 per cent.
As of 2001[update] India census, Patiala had a population of 405,164. Males constituted 54% of the population, and females 46%. Patiala had an average literacy rate of 81%, higher than the national average of 64.9%. In Patiala, 10% of the population was under 5 years of age
Culture and traditions
Patiala's sway over the Malwa area extended beyond merely political influence. Patiala was equally the set of religious and cultural life. Educationally, Patiala was in the forefront. Patiala was the first town in this part of the country to have Degree College - the Mohindra College - in 1870. Patiala has also seen evolution of a distinct style of architecture. Borrowing from the Rajput style, its beauty and elegance are, however, moulded according to the local traditions.
With the active patronage of the Maharajas of Patiala, a well established style of Hindustani music called the "Patiala Gharana" came into existence and has held its own up to the present times. This school of music has had a number of famous musicians, many of whom came to Patiala after the disintegration of the Mughal Court at Delhi in the 18th century. At the turn of the century, Ustad Ali Bux was the most renowned exponent of this Gharana. Later his sons, Ustad Akhtar Hussain Khan and Ustad Bade Ghulam Ali Khan achieved world wide fame and brought glory to the Patiala Gharana.
After partition of British India, Muslims were forced to flee the city en masses to Pakistan, while lot of refugees people migrated from various parts of Pakistan and settled on the Muslim properties in Patiala. The then Maharaja of Patiala, His Highness Yadavindra Singh, Rajpramukh of PEPSU along with his wife Her Highness Maharani Mohinder Kaur organised a large number of camps and worked tirelessly for the people.
- The Deputy Commissioner, an officer belonging to the Indian Administrative Service, is the overall in-charge of the General Administration in the district. He is assisted by a number of officers belonging to Punjab Civil Service and other Punjab state services.
- The brand new Mini Secretariat on Nabha Road, which houses all the major offices including that of the DC and the SSP, was completed in record time, owing to the initiative of the member of parliament of Patiala and local administration.
- In India, an Inspector General (IG) of Police is a two-star rank of the Indian Police Service. The ranks above this are Additional Director General (Addl.DG) and Director General (DG) of police.
In Patiala,(India) joint commissioner's are at the rank of DIG and only additional commissioner's are at the rank of IG.
- The Senior Superintendent of Police, an officer belonging to the Indian Police Service, is responsible for maintaining Law & Order and related issues in the district. He is assisted by the officers of the Punjab Police Service and other Punjab Police officials.
- The Divisional Forest Officer, an officer belonging to the Indian Forest Service, is responsible for the management of the Forests, Environment and Wild-Life in the district. He is assisted by the officers of the Punjab Forest Service and other Punjab Forest officials and Punjab Wild-Life officials.
- Sectoral development is looked after by the district head officer of each development department such as PWD, Health, Education, Agriculture, Animal husbandry, etc. These officers are from various Punjab state services.
Patiala has one of the highest number of vehicles per capita in India. Wide, well maintained roads and parking spaces all over the city and is connected to cities like Chandigarh, Amritsar, Delhi etc by Road. Patiala is well connected to cities like Ludhiana, Jalandhar and Amritsar, on NH 1 via State Highway no. 8 till Sirhind, which is situated on NH 1. Patiala is well connected to Delhi by road as well as by rail. NH 64 (Zirakpur - Patiala - Sangrur - Bhatinda) connects Patiala with Rajpura (situated on NH 1 and very well connected to Delhi) and Zirakpur (near Chandigarh). Patiala has both a Railway Station and Patiala Airport, which is not operational. The Nearest Domestic Airport is Chandigarh Airport, which is approx. 62 kms from the city.
Patiala is connected by road to all the major towns. Distance between the Major Towns and Patiala :-
- Chandigarh - 67 km
- Ludhiana - 93 km
- Jalandhar - 155 km
- Shimla - 173 km
- Delhi - 233 km
- Amritsar - 235 km
- Agra - 437 km
- Jaipur - 454 km
- Srinagar - 614 km
- Lucknow - 669 km
- Mumbai - 1627 km
- Kolkata - 1637 km
Patiala is home to numerous inter state sporting teams like Black Elephant Cricket Club in The Domestic Cricket. The city has following single screen cinema hall namely Phul, Malwa, Capital. While it also has various malls and multiplexes like SRS Omaxe mall, Tagore Multiplex, City Multiplex Mall, Kaintal Mall are proposed.
- Udham Singh || Great Legendary Freedom Fighter
- Mahendra Singh of Patiala || Maharaja of Princely State Patiala
- Maharaja Rajinder Singh || Maharaja of Princely State Patiala]
- Bhupinder Singh || Grandfather of Captain Amarinder Singh and Maharaja of Princely State Patiala
- Yadavindra Singh || Father of Captain Amarinder Singh and Cricketer
- Mohinder Kaur || Rajmata of Patiala and Mother of Captain Amarinder Singh
- Captain Amarinder Singh || 29th Chief Minister of Punjab
- Preneet Kaur || MP & Minister of State for External Affairs (Central Govt. under PM Manmohan Singh)
- Pawan Kumar Bansal || four times MP, Union Minister of India (twice).
- Surjit Singh Rakhra || Member of Lagislative Assembly
- Dalip Kaur Tiwana || Punjabi writer
- Roopinder Singh || Asst Editor, The Tribune & a writer
- Harpal Tiwana || Actor, Writer and Director
- Abhinav Bindra || the first Indian to win an individual gold medal at the Olympics
- Gul Panag || Actor
- Gugu Gill || Actor
- Samiksha || Actor
- Smeep Kang || Actor, Writer and Director
- Raninder Singh || President National Rifle Association of India (NRAI)
- Bhupinder Singh (musician) || Singer and Musician
- Madan Puri || Actor
- Amrish Puri || Actor
- Om Puri || Actor
- Jimmy Shergill || Actor
- Binnu Dhillon || Actor
- Gulzar Inder Chahal || Actor and Cricketer
- Gavie Chahal || Actor
- Rakesh Sharma || The first Indian and 138th person to travel in space
- Satwinder Bitti || Famous female Punjabi singer
- Harbhajan Mann || Punjabi singer and actor
- Mika Singh || Punjabi singer and actor
- Daler Mehandi || Punjabi singer
- Pammi Bai || Punjabi Singer
- Bhagwant Mann || Comedian and actor
- Rana Ranbir || Comedian, writer and actor
- Navjot Singh Sidhu || Former cricketer, actor, commentator and politician
- Mohinder Amarnath || Cricketer
- Reetinder Sodhi || Cricketer
- Sandeep Sharma || Cricketer
- Sarabjit Ladda || Cricketer
- Heena Sidhu || Shooter
- Gurdas Mann || Punjabi singer and actor
- Navneet Kaur Dhillon || Femina Miss India 2013
- Patiala and East Punjab States Union
- Fatehgarh Sahib
- Mandi Gobindgarh
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "History of Patiala". Official Website of District Patiala. Retrieved 2011-08-19.
- "U.S. and Russian Human Spaceflights, 1961-Sep. 30, 1995". NASA. Retrieved 2011-08-19.
- "Biographies of International Astronauts". SpaceFacts. Retrieved 2011-08-19.
- "Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Patiala".
- "Fort right". The Tribune. August 6, 2009.
- "Urban Agglomerations/Cities having population 1 lakh and above". Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011. Retrieved 2012-07-07.
- "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.
- Top Ten Towns with Highest Nos. of Car Ownership in India
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Patiala.|
- Patiala travel guide from Wikivoyage
- Official Website of Patiala
- Official Website of Media
- Facebook fan page of Patialvis
- Website of international shayri/poetry