Federal Supreme Court of Switzerland
The Federal Supreme Court of Switzerland (German: Bundesgericht; French: Tribunal fédéral; Italian: Tribunale federale; Romansh: Tribunal federal) is the supreme court of Switzerland. It is located in Mon-Repos, Lausanne.
According to the Constitution of Switzerland, the court has jurisdiction over violations of:
- federal law;
- public international law;
- intercantonal law;
- cantonal constitutional rights;
- autonomy of municipalities, and other guarantees granted by the Cantons to public corporate bodies; and
- federal and cantonal provisions concerning political rights.
Because of an emphasis on direct democracy through referendum, the Constitution precludes the court from reviewing acts of the Federal Parliament, unless such review is specifically provided for by statute.
Decisions of arbitral tribunals constituted under Swiss law, such as the Court of Arbitration for Sport, can be appealed to the Federal Supreme Court, although judicial review is limited to a very narrow set of questions of law in such cases.
Current and former judges
- Lorenz Meyer, President 2009-2010
- Arthur Aeschlimann, President 2007-2008
- Giusep Nay (born 1942), President 2005-2006, 1988-2006.
- Bernard Corboz (born 1948), Vice-President 2005-2006, elected 1990.
Notes and references
- Federal Supreme Court in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
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