John II of Castile
|This article does not cite any references or sources. (October 2007)|
|This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in the Spanish Wikipedia. (June 2011)|
|Tomb of King John II
after Gil de Siloé
|Reign||25 December 1406 – 20 July 1454|
|Consort||Maria of Aragon
Isabella of Portugal
|Catherine, Princess of Asturias
Eleanor, Princess of Asturias
Henry IV of Castile
Isabella I of Castile
Alfonso, Prince of Asturias
|House||House of Trastámara|
|Father||Henry III of Castile|
|Mother||Catherine of Lancaster|
6 March 1405|
|Died||20 July 1454
He succeeded his father on 25 December 1406, at the age of a year and ten months, and united in his person the claims of Peter the Cruel and of Henry II. His mother Catherine and his uncle, Ferdinand, were co-regents during his minority. When Ferdinand died in 1416, his mother was sole regent until she died as well, in 1418.
It was one of the many misfortunes of Castile that the long reign of John II—forty-nine years—should have been granted to one of the least capable of its kings. John was amiable, weak, and dependent on those about him. He had no taste except for ornament and no serious interest except in amusements such as verse-making, hunting, and tournaments.
He was entirely under the influence of his favourite, Álvaro de Luna, until his second wife, Isabella of Portugal, obtained control of his feeble will. At her instigation, he dismissed his faithful and able favorite, an act which is said to have caused him much remorse. He died on 20 July 1454, at Valladolid.
John II of Castile declared the Valladolid laws, which restricted the social activity of Jews. Among the most notable of the provisions were; outlining that Jews must wear distinctive clothes and banned them from holding administrative positions.
In 1431 John placed Yusuf IV on the throne of the Moorish kingdom of Granada, in exchange for tribute and vassal status to Castile. This exchange is depicted in the short ballad the Romance of Abenamar.
He was "[T]all and handsome, fair-skinned and slightly ruddy... his hair was the color of a very mature hazelnut, the nose a little snub, the eyes between green and blue... he had very graceful legs and feet and hands." From 'Crónica de Juan II' by Lorenza Galindez de Carvajal (1517).
Family and children
- Catherine, Princess of Asturias (1422–1424), his heiress presumptive until her death
- Eleanor, Princess of Asturias (1423–1425), his heiress presumptive until the birth of Henry
- King Henry IV of Castile (1425–1474)
- Infanta Maria (1428–1429)
Of all their children, only the future Henry IV of Castile survived infancy. John was widowed in 1445 and remarried to Isabella of Portugal, daughter of Infante John of Portugal, with whom he had two children:
|Ancestors of John II of Castile|
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- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "John II". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press
John II of CastileBorn: 6 March 1405 Died: 20 July 1454
|King of Castile
|King of León
|Prince of Asturias