Fiona Apple

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Fiona Apple
Fiona Apple 10 2012.jpg
Apple performing at Terminal 5 in New York City, October 2012
Background information
Birth name Fiona Apple McAfee Maggart
Born (1977-09-13) September 13, 1977 (age 37)
Manhattan, New York, U.S.
Genres
Occupation(s) Singer-songwriter, musician, record producer, pianist
Instruments Vocals, piano, optigan, celesta
Years active 1994–present
Labels Epic, Columbia, Clean Slate
Website fiona-apple.com

Fiona Apple McAfee Maggart (born September 13, 1977) is an American singer-songwriter, pianist and record producer. Her debut album, Tidal, was released in 1996 and received a Grammy Award for Best Female Rock Vocal Performance (with an additional six nominations) for the single "Criminal". Subsequent albums include: When the Pawn... (1999), Extraordinary Machine (2005), and The Idler Wheel... (2012).

Apple's vocal range is contralto.[1][2] Her musical style contains elements of jazz, alternative rock, and pop.[3][4][5]

Early life[edit]

Born in New York, Apple is the daughter of singer Diane McAfee and actor Brandon Maggart.[6] Her maternal grandparents were dancer Millicent Green and big band vocalist Johnny McAfee. Her sister sings cabaret under the stage name Maude Maggart, and actor Garett Maggart is her half brother. Growing up, Apple spent her school years in New York City, but spent summers with her father in Los Angeles.[7] Apple was classically trained on piano as a child, and began composing her own pieces by the age of eight.[7] When learning to play piano, she would often take sheet music and translate guitar tablature into the corresponding notes.[7] Apple later began to play along with jazz standard compositions after becoming proficient, through which she discovered Billie Holiday and Ella Fitzgerald, who became major influences on her.[8]

At age twelve, Apple was raped outside the apartment she shared with her mother and sister in Manhattan.[9] She then developed an eating disorder, purposely slimming her developing body, which she saw as "bait".[9]

Career[edit]

1994–1998: Career beginnings and Tidal[edit]

Apple was introduced to the music industry in 1994, when she gave a demo tape containing the songs "Never Is a Promise", "Not One of Those Times", and "He Takes a Taxi" to her friend who was the babysitter of music publicist Kathryn Schenker.[10] Schenker then passed the tape along to Sony Music executive Andy Slater.[11] Apple's abilities captured his attention, and Slater signed her to a record deal.[1][2]

In 1996, Apple's debut album, Tidal, was released by Work Records and Columbia Records. The album sold 2.7 million copies and was certified three times platinum in the U.S.[12][13] "Criminal", the third single, became a hit and the song reached the top forty on the U.S. Billboard Hot 100. The song's controversial Mark Romanek-directed music video played on MTV.[14] Other singles from Tidal included "Shadowboxer", "Sleep to Dream", and "Never Is a Promise". Apple accepted MTV Video Music Award for "Best New Artist" for her song Sleep to Dream in 1997[15] The New Yorker and NYRock criticized her MTV award show speech.[1][10] When I have something to say, I'll say it," she said, responding to these criticisms in an article in Rolling Stone in January 1998.[16]

During this period, Apple also made recordings of The Beatles' "Across the Universe" and Percy Mayfield's "Please Send Me Someone to Love" for the soundtrack of the film Pleasantville. She later canceled the last twenty-one dates on a tour in support of her album due to "personal family problems".[17]

1999–2002: When the Pawn... and hiatus[edit]

Apple's second album, When the Pawn..., was released in 1999. Its full title is a poem Apple wrote after reading letters that appeared in Spin regarding an article that had cast her in a negative light in an earlier issue.[18] The title's length earned it a spot in the Guinness Book of Records for 2001. However, as of October 2007, it no longer has the longest album title, as Soulwax released Most of the Remixes, a remix album whose title surpasses When the Pawn's length by 100 characters.[19] When the Pawn was cultivated during Apple's relationship with film director Paul Thomas Anderson. When the Pawn, which was produced by Jon Brion, used more expressive lyrics, experimented more with drum loops, and incorporated both the Chamberlin and drummer Matt Chamberlain.[20] The album received a positive reception from publications such as The New York Times and Rolling Stone. It did not fare as well commercially as her debut, though it was an RIAA-certified platinum album[12] and sold one million copies in the U.S.[13] The album's lead single, "Fast as You Can", reached the top twenty on Billboard's Modern Rock Tracks chart and became Apple's first Top 40 hit in the UK. The videos for two follow-up singles, "Paper Bag" and "Limp" (directed by then-boyfriend Anderson), received very little play.

After performing for forty minutes in a set hampered by equipment issues to 3,000 audience members at the New York City Roseland Ballroom, a frustrated Apple left the stage without returning. Her performance saw Apple appearing distraught at the sound quality, apologizing numerous times for the sound and crying.[21] The incident was described by AOL as "music's most infamous on-stage meltdown".[22] After completing a concert tour in support of her second album in 2000, Apple relocated to Los Angeles. During her hiatus, Apple contemplated retiring from her recording career. Apple sang with Johnny Cash on a cover of Simon & Garfunkel's "Bridge over Troubled Water" that ended up on his album American IV: The Man Comes Around and was nominated for a Grammy Award for "Best Country Collaboration with Vocals". She also collaborated with Cash on Cat Stevens's "Father and Son", which was included in his 2003 collection Unearthed.

2002–2010: Extraordinary Machine[edit]

Fans in support of Fiona Apple demonstrating outside the NYC headquarters of Sony BMG Music Entertainment in January 2005.

Apple's third album, Extraordinary Machine, was originally produced by Jon Brion. In spring 2002, Apple and Jon Brion, her longtime friend and producer on When the Pawn, met for their weekly lunch meeting. Brion reportedly "begged" Apple to make another album. Apple agreed, and Brion went to Apple's label, Epic Records, with strict stipulations (including no deadline), which the label eventually agreed to. Recording sessions began in 2002, at Ocean Way studios in Nashville, Tennessee, but later moved to the Paramour Mansion in Los Angeles. Work on the album continued until 2003, and in May of that year it was submitted to Sony executives. In 2004 and 2005, tracks were leaked on the Internet in MP3 format and played on U.S. and international radio. Subsequently, MP3s of the entire album went online. Although a Web site distributing the album was quickly shut down, it soon reached P2P networks and was downloaded by fans.[23][24] A fan-led campaign supported the album's official release.

Mike Elizondo, who had previously played bass on Pawn, was brought back as co-producer to complete the tracks he had begun with Brion and Apple. Spin later reported the following: "Fans erroneously thought that Apple's record label, Epic, had rejected the first version of Extraordinary Machine... in reality, according to Elizondo, Apple was unhappy with the results, and it was her decision to redo the record, not her label's."[25] In August 2005, the album was given an October release date.[24] Production had been largely redone "from scratch" by Elizondo and was co-produced by Brian Kehew. Two of the eleven previous leaked tracks were relatively unchanged, and one new song was also included.[26] Despite suggestions that the album had caused a rift between Brion and Apple, they regularly perform together at Largo, a club in Los Angeles, including a joint appearance with Elizondo on bass just before the news broke of an official release.[27] Extraordinary Machine debuted at number seven and was nominated for a Grammy Award for "Best Pop Vocal Album". It was eventually certified gold[12] and sold 600,000 copies in the U.S., though its singles ("Parting Gift", "O' Sailor", "Not About Love" and "Get Him Back") failed to enter any Billboard charts.[28] Apple went on a live tour to promote the album in late 2005.

Apple performing in Seattle, 2006

In June 2006, Apple appeared on the joke track "Come Over and Get It (Up in 'Dem Guts)" by comedian Zach Galifianakis. Galifianakis previously appeared in the music video for Apple's "Not About Love".[29] Apple recorded a cover of "Sally's Song" for the 2006 special edition release of the soundtrack for the Tim Burton film The Nightmare Before Christmas. In May 2006, Apple paid tribute to Elvis Costello on VH1's concert series Decades Rock Live, by performing Costello's hit "I Want You". Her version was subsequently released as a digital single.[30] Apple toured the East Coast during August 2007, with Nickel Creek.[31][32] In 2008, Apple recorded a duet titled "Still I" with Christophe Deluy. In 2009, Apple covered "Why Try to Change Me Now" and "I Walk A Little Faster" for The Best Is Yet to Come – The Songs of Cy Coleman. In January 2010, Fiona Apple and Jon Brion performed together at "Love and Haiti, Too: A Music Benefit", a charity concert for the people hurt by the Haiti earthquake. Fiona sang a cover of "(S)he's Funny That Way", composed by Neil Moret, lyrics by Richard Whiting, which is often associated with the singer Billie Holiday. In June 2010, Fiona released a song titled "So Sleepy", produced by Jon Brion and written by children involved with the non-profit organization 826LA. The song was included on a compilation album released by the organization titled Chickens in Love. Apple collaborated with Margaret Cho on her album Cho Dependent, which was released on August 24, 2010.[33]

2011–present: The Idler Wheel...[edit]

Apple performing in Miami Beach, Florida; September 2012

In late 2010, Billboard published an article stating that Apple was planning on releasing a new album in spring 2011, with musician Michelle Branch claiming to have heard some of the new tracks.[34] Drummer Charley Drayton also told Modern Drummer magazine that he was co-producing the record.[35] However, the album was not released in the spring and Billboard reported later that Epic was not aware of a record.[36] Apple delayed the album's release until 2012, explaining that she was waiting "until her label found a new president and that she didn't want her work to be mishandled amid corporate disarray."[37] In January 2012, after its new record label head, LA Reid hinted at new music from Apple, Epic Records announced that the album would be released later in the year.[38] Apple announced performances at the South by Southwest Festival and a spring 2012 tour soon after.[39] The Idler Wheel Is Wiser Than the Driver of the Screw and Whipping Cords Will Serve You More Than Ropes Will Ever Do,[40][41] Apple's fourth studio album, was released on June 19, 2012, in the United States.[42] According to an article in American Songwriter "The Idler Wheel isn't always pretty, but it pulses with life, brutal and true."[43] Apple contributed a previously unreleased song entitled "Dull Tool" to the soundtrack of the 2012 Judd Apatow film This Is 40.[44] Another song recorded for the film that wasn't included in the soundtrack has yet to be released.[45] In September 2013, a Chipotle ad appeared online with a soundtrack of Apple covering "Pure Imagination" from the 1971 film Willy Wonka and the Chocolate Factory. The video, which follows a scarecrow as he discovers the truth about factory farming and processed food, was described as "haunted," "dystopian," "bizarre," and "beautiful."[46][47] In 2014, Apple wrote the opening theme, "Container", for Showtime's new show, The Affair.[48]

Personal life[edit]

In the mid-1990s Apple dated magician David Blaine,[49] and was romantically linked to director Paul Thomas Anderson,[50] who directed several music videos for her second album.[51] She dated writer and actor Jonathan Ames from 2007 until they parted ways at the end of 2010.[52][53][54]

In a June 2012 interview, it was revealed that Apple had briefly married a French photographer several years ago, "for complicated reasons."[55]

Apple appeared on Marc Maron's WTF podcast in July 2012 and discussed the "changes in her life and career over the past 15-plus years".[56]

On September 19, 2012 Apple was arrested[57] at an internal Border Patrol checkpoint in Sierra Blanca, Texas and charged with possession of hashish.[58] Authorities detained Apple at the Hudspeth County Jail.

In November 2012, Apple wrote a letter to her fans – a scan of which was posted to her website and her Facebook page – postponing the South American leg of her tour due to the ill-health of her pet dog, Janet. According to the letter, the dog has Addison's disease, and further has had a tumor "idling in her chest" for two years.[59]

Discography[edit]

Awards and nominations[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c New Yorker Apple's robust contralto, though sometimes heavy on vibrato, gave her line readings a pleasingly sinister feel.
  2. ^ a b San Diego Arts Though most of her lyrics are sung in a straightforward pop contralto, she judiciously adds vibrato, sudden jumps into her head voice, and rapid reiterations of the same pitch (what academics in the classical music field call a "Monteverdi vibrato").
  3. ^ "Literally the Best Thing Ever: Fiona Apple". Rookie. March 14, 2012. Retrieved December 17, 2013. The music that accompanies all these feelings is jazzy and moody 
  4. ^ "Fiona Apple & Neneh Cherry: A Pair of Divas Return". Details. June 11, 2012. Retrieved December 17, 2013. 
  5. ^ Stephen Thomas Erlewine (November 9, 1999). "When the Pawn Hits the Conflicts He Thinks Like a King... – Fiona Apple | Songs, Reviews, Credits, Awards". AllMusic. Retrieved 2014-04-24. 
  6. ^ Ehrlich, Dimitri (January 5, 1997). "A Message Far Less Pretty Than the Face". The New York Times. 
  7. ^ a b c "Fiona Apple". Notable Biographies. Retrieved 2014-09-05. 
  8. ^ Bevilacqua, Rachele (1996). "Fiona Apple". Tribeca 75. 
  9. ^ a b Heath, Chris (January 1998). "The Caged Bird Sings", Rolling Stone.
  10. ^ a b Luck, Otto. "Fiona Apple Suffers for Her Sins (and So Do We)". NY Rock. November 1997. Retrieved September 23, 2005.
  11. ^ "Images – Fiona Apple". Imagesjournal.com. Retrieved September 2, 2011. 
  12. ^ a b c "Gold and Platinum Searchable Database"[dead link]. RIAA.com.
  13. ^ a b "Loyal fans helped free Fiona Apple's CD". Associated Press/MSNBC Entertainment. October 5, 2005.
  14. ^ Spin, October 1997.
  15. ^ "THE HOT ROCK | Chris Rock | Pop Culture News | News | Entertainment Weekly | 2". Ew.com. Retrieved September 2, 2011. 
  16. ^ Heath, Chris (January 22, 1998). "The Caged Bird Sings". Rolling Stone (778). p. 30. Archived from the original on April 6, 2009. Retrieved March 12, 2008. 
  17. ^ "News – Articles – 1424968". Mtv.com. March 3, 1998. Retrieved September 2, 2011. 
  18. ^ iTunes Originals Interview, 2006
  19. ^ "soulwax.info". Kevinenjoyce.com. Retrieved February 12, 2013. 
  20. ^ "Seattle Weekly: Matt Chamberlain Talk About Recording With Apple". Retrieved September 17, 2008. 
  21. ^ "Fiona Apple Breaks Down at NYC Concert". Billboard.com. Retrieved September 2, 2011. 
  22. ^ "Fiona Apple Onstage Meltdown". Spinner. April 30, 2000. Retrieved September 2, 2011. 
  23. ^ Biography: "Fiona Apple". Retrieved August 25, 2010
  24. ^ a b "Fiona Apple's Machine Finally Turned On". Spin. August 15, 2005.
  25. ^ Fiona Apple's Machine Finally Turned On Spin. August 15, 2005. Retrieved March 5, 2009
  26. ^ New York Times "Fiona Apple Retools Her Leaked Album". Retrieved August 15, 2005.
  27. ^ Music: "Fiona Apple". Retrieved August 25, 2010
  28. ^ Cohen, Jonathan. "Fiona Taps Rice, Garza For Summer Trek". Billboard. April 19, 2006.
  29. ^ Zach Galifianakis & Fiona Apple – “Up In Them Guts” Stereogum.com Retrieved on 06-08-11
  30. ^ "Decades Rock Live". YouTube.com. Retrieved April 12, 2014. 
  31. ^ Hasty, Kate. "Apple, Nickel Creek Teaming For Tour". Billboard. May 18, 2007.
  32. ^ Madison, Tjames. "Fiona Apple joins Nickel Creek's 'farewell' tour". LiveDaily. May 17, 2007. Retrieved March 2, 2008.
  33. ^ Maerz, Melissa (June 7, 2010). "Margaret Cho's Murder Ballad". Popwatch.ew.com. Retrieved September 2, 2011. 
  34. ^ Maples, Jillian (September 16, 2010). "Fiona Apple Releasing New Album in Spring 2011". Billboard. Retrieved September 19, 2011. 
  35. ^ "Fiona Apple To Release New Music 'In The Next Few Weeks,' says L.A. Reid". Billboard.com. September 14, 2009. Retrieved April 9, 2012. 
  36. ^ "11 Anticipated Album Updates: Madonna, DMX, Nickelback And More". Billboard.com. September 14, 2009. Retrieved May 1, 2012. 
  37. ^ Pareles, Jon (May 30, 2012). "Fiona Apple Faces Outward". The New York Times (The New York Times Company). Retrieved June 3, 2012. 
  38. ^ "Release date for new album". Time. January 24, 2012. Retrieved January 24, 2012. 
  39. ^ "Concert dates including South by Southwest Festival". Entertainment Weekly. February 21, 2012. 
  40. ^ Perpetua, Matthew (March 7, 2012). "Fiona Apple Unveils 23-Word Album Title | Music News". Rolling Stone. Retrieved April 9, 2012. 
  41. ^ "Fiona Apple Reveals Album Title | News". Pitchfork. March 7, 2012. Retrieved April 9, 2012. 
  42. ^ "Welcome | The Official Fiona Apple site". Fiona-apple.com. Retrieved May 1, 2012. 
  43. ^ "Fiona Apple: The Idler Wheel...". American Songwriter. Retrieved June 15, 2012. 
  44. ^ Davis, Edward (November 17, 2012). "Listen: Fiona Apple's "Dull Tool" From The 'This Is 40' Soundtrack; Paul Rudd Hearts Ween In New Poster". IndieWire. Retrieved February 1, 2013. 
  45. ^ Interviews: Judd Apatow | Features | Pitchfork
  46. ^ Watch: Fiona Apple And Chipotle Partner For Bizarre And Beautiful Pure Imagination Cover
  47. ^ Watch: Fiona Apple Covers "Pure Imagination" From Willy Wonka for Chipotle Ad on Factory Farming | News | Pitchfork
  48. ^ "'The Affair' opening credits feature new Fiona Apple song: Listen". Retrieved 20 December 2014. 
  49. ^ "Kinks of the Stars: David Blaine & Fiona Apple’s Wild Relationship". Wizbang Pop!. November 14, 2010. Retrieved April 9, 2012. 
  50. ^ Basham, David (December 13, 1999). "Fiona Apple, Paul Thomas Anderson on Move For Movie Premiere". MTV. Retrieved September 19, 2011. 
  51. ^ "Paul_Thomas Anderson Videography". mvdbase.com. Retrieved February 12, 2013. 
  52. ^ "Jonathan Ames Beats Craig Davidson, Makes Out With Fiona Apple". Gawker.com. July 25, 2007. Retrieved April 9, 2012. 
  53. ^ Pareles, Jon (June 3, 2012). "Fiona Apple Faces Outward". New York Times. Retrieved June 3, 2012. 
  54. ^ "Fiona Apple announces title for first album in seven years – Celebrity Circuit". CBS News. March 8, 2012. Retrieved April 9, 2012. 
  55. ^ Dan P. Lee, 'I Just Want to Feel Everything’: Hiding Out With Fiona Apple, Musical Hermit, Vulture, 6/17/12
  56. ^ Roffman, Michael. "Fiona Apple on Marc Maron's WTF Podcast", "Consequence of Sound" , July 16, 2012.
  57. ^ "Fiona Apple Arrested". Nymn.com. September 20, 2012. Retrieved September 21, 2012. 
  58. ^ "Fiona Apple Arrested for Hash in Texas". tmz.com. September 20, 2012. Retrieved September 21, 2012. 
  59. ^ "She is my best friend". Letters of Note. November 21, 2012. Retrieved February 12, 2013. 

External links[edit]

Awards and achievements
Preceded by
Alanis Morissette
MTV Video Music Award for Best New Artist
1997
Succeeded by
Natalie Imbruglia