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New York City is the largest city in the United States, with its metropolitan area ranking among the largest urban areas in the world. Founded as a commercial trading post by the Dutch in 1624, it served as the capital of the United States from 1785 until 1790, and has been the nation's largest city since 1790. Located on a large natural harbor, New York exerts global influence in commerce and finance as well as arts and entertainment. The city is an important center for international affairs, hosting the headquarters of the United Nations.
The city has many renowned landmarks. The Statue of Liberty greeted millions of immigrants as they came to America in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Wall Street, in Lower Manhattan, has been a dominant global financial center since World War II and is home to the New York Stock Exchange. The city has been home to several of the tallest buildings in the world, including the Empire State Building. New York is the birthplace of several cultural movements, including the Harlem Renaissance in literature and visual art, abstract expressionism (also known as the New York School) in painting, and hip hop, punk, salsa, and Tin Pan Alley music. It is also the home of Broadway theater. In 2005, nearly 170 languages were spoken in the city and 36% of its population was born outside the United States. With its 24-hour subway and constant bustling of traffic and people, New York is often referred to as "The City That Never Sleeps", the "Big Apple" and Gotham.
was a nominally rated 44-gun wooden-hulled
of the United States Navy
. She was named by George Washington
. She was launched in April 1800 from a shipyard in New York City. President
was one of the original six frigates
whose construction the Naval Act of 1794
had authorized, and she was the last to be completed. Joshua Humphreys
designed these frigates to be the young Navy's capital ships
, and so President
and her sisters were larger and more heavily armed and built than standard frigates of the period. Her first duties with the newly formed United States Navy were to provide protection for American merchant shipping during the Quasi War
with France and to defeat the Barbary pirates
in the First Barbary War
In May 1811, President was at the center of the Little Belt Affair; her crew mistakenly identified HMS Little Belt as HMS Guerriere, which had impressed an American seaman. The ships exchanged cannon fire for several minutes, and the incident contributed to tensions between the U.S. and Great Britain, leading to the War of 1812. During the war, President made several extended cruises, patrolling as far away as the English Channel and Norway, and capturing numerous ships. In January 1815, after having been blockaded in New York for a year by the Royal Navy, President engaged the frigate HMS Endymion off the coast of the city. She was captured soon afterward by a British squadron, and the Royal Navy placed her into their service until she was broken up in 1818. President's design was reused to build HMS President, in 1829.
The Notorious B.I.G.
was the stage name
of American rapper
Christopher George Latore Wallace. He was also popularly known as Biggie Smalls, Big Poppa, and The Black Frank White. Wallace was raised in the Brooklyn
borough of New York City
. When he released his debut album Ready to Die
in 1994, Wallace became a central figure in the East Coast hip-hop scene
and increased New York's visibility at a time when West Coast
artists were more common in the mainstream. The following year, Wallace led his childhood friends to chart success through his protégé group, Junior M.A.F.I.A.
While recording his second album, Wallace was heavily involved in the East Coast/West Coast hip-hop feud
, dominating the scene at the time.
On March 9, 1997, Wallace was killed by an unknown assailant in a drive-by shooting in Los Angeles. His double-disc set Life After Death, released 15 days later, hit #1 on the U.S. album charts and was certified Diamond in 2000. Wallace was noted for his "loose, easy flow", dark semi-autobiographical lyrics and storytelling abilities. Since his death, a further two albums have been released. MTV ranked him at #3 on their list of The Greatest MCs (Rappers) of All Time.
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