New York City is the largest city in the United States, with its metropolitan area ranking among the largest urban areas in the world. Founded as a commercial trading post by the Dutch in 1624, it served as the capital of the United States from 1785 until 1790, and has been the nation's largest city since 1790. Located on a large natural harbor, New York exerts global influence in commerce and finance as well as arts and entertainment. The city is an important center for international affairs, hosting the headquarters of the United Nations.
The city has many renowned landmarks. The Statue of Liberty greeted millions of immigrants as they came to America in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Wall Street, in Lower Manhattan, has been a dominant global financial center since World War II and is home to the New York Stock Exchange. The city has been home to several of the tallest buildings in the world, including the Empire State Building. New York is the birthplace of several cultural movements, including the Harlem Renaissance in literature and visual art, abstract expressionism (also known as the New York School) in painting, and hip hop, punk, salsa, and Tin Pan Alley music. It is also the home of Broadway theater. In 2005, nearly 170 languages were spoken in the city and 36% of its population was born outside the United States. With its 24-hour subway and constant bustling of traffic and people, New York is often referred to as "The City That Never Sleeps", the "Big Apple" and Gotham.
7 World Trade Center
is a building in the World Trade Center
complex in Lower Manhattan
, New York City
. It is the second building to bear that name and address in that location. The original structure was completed in 1987 and was destroyed in the September 11 attacks
. The current building opened in 2006. Both buildings were developed by Larry Silverstein
, who holds a ground lease
for the site from the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey
The original 7 World Trade Center was 47 stories tall, clad in red exterior masonry, and occupied a trapezoidal footprint. An elevated walkway connected the building to the World Trade Center plaza. The building was situated above a Consolidated Edison power substation, which imposed unique structural design constraints. On September 11, 2001, 7 WTC was damaged by debris when the nearby North Tower of the World Trade Center collapsed. The debris also ignited fires, and the building collapsed completely when a critical internal column buckled and triggered structural failure throughout. The collapse made the old 7 World Trade Center the first tall building known to have collapsed primarily due to uncontrolled fires, and the first and only steel skyscraper in the world to have collapsed due to fire.
Construction of the new 7 World Trade Center began in 2002 and was completed in 2006. The building is 52 stories tall (plus one underground floor), making it the 28th-tallest in New York. It is built on a smaller footprint than the original, allowing Greenwich Street to be restored from TriBeCa through the World Trade Center site and south to Battery Park. The new building is bounded by Greenwich, Vesey, Washington, and Barclay streets. A small park across Greenwich Street occupies space that was part of the original building's footprint. The current building's design emphasizes safety, with a reinforced concrete core, wider stairways, and thicker fireproofing of steel columns. It also incorporates numerous green design features. The building was the first commercial office building in New York City to receive the U.S. Green Building Council's Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) certification, where it won a gold rating. It was also one of the first projects accepted to be part of the Council's Pilot Program for Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design – Core and Shell Development (LEED-CS).
Derek Sanderson Jeter
; born June 26, 1974) is an American baseball shortstop
who has played 18 seasons in Major League Baseball
(MLB) for the New York Yankees
. A five-time World Series
champion, Jeter has been a central figure of the Yankees during their success of the 1990s and 2000s due to his clubhouse presence, on-field leadership, hitting ability, and baserunning. He is the Yankees' all-time career leader in hits
(3,110), games played (2,426), stolen bases
(329), and at bats
(9,868). His accolades include twelve All-Star
selections, five Gold Glove Awards
, four Silver Slugger Awards
, two Hank Aaron Awards
, and the Roberto Clemente Award
. Jeter is the all-time MLB leader in hits by a shortstop, and the 28th player to reach 3,000 hits
The Yankees drafted Jeter out of high school in 1992, and he debuted in the major leagues in 1995. The following year, he became the Yankees' starting shortstop, won the Rookie of the Year Award, and helped the team win the 1996 World Series. Jeter continued to contribute to the team's championship seasons of 1998–2000; he finished third in voting for the American League (AL) Most Valuable Player (MVP) Award in 1998, recorded multiple career-high numbers in 1999, and won both the All-Star Game MVP and World Series MVP Awards in 2000. He has consistently placed among the AL leaders in hits and runs scored for the past ten years, and since 2003, he has served as the Yankees' team captain.
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