Firenze Santa Maria Novella railway station

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Firenze Santa Maria Novella
Stazione Santa Maria Novella 2.JPG
View of the station building.
Location
Address Piazza della Stazione
50123 Firenze
Comune Florence
Province Florence
Region Tuscany
Country Italy
Coordinates 43°46′34″N 11°14′53″E / 43.77611°N 11.24806°E / 43.77611; 11.24806Coordinates: 43°46′34″N 11°14′53″E / 43.77611°N 11.24806°E / 43.77611; 11.24806
Line(s) Bologna–Florence (high speed)
Bologna–Florence (traditional)
Florence–Rome (high speed)
Florence–Rome (traditional)
Viareggio–Florence
Florence–Pisa–Livorno
Florence–Faenza
Distance 314.077 km (195.158 mi)
from Roma Termini
Other information
Opened 1848 (1848)
Architect Gruppo Toscano
Rebuilt 1934 (1934)
Platforms 19
Manager Rete Ferroviaria Italiana
Grandi Stazioni
Line operator(s) Trenitalia
Nuovo Trasporto Viaggiatori
Classification Platinum
Services
parking tickets pedestrian underpasscafeteria newsstand WC taxi stand public transportation
Connections
Sinnbild Kraftomnibus.svg Urban / suburban
Location map
Firenze Santa Maria Novella railway station
Firenze Santa Maria Novella railway station
Firenze Santa Maria Novella railway station
Firenze Santa Maria Novella railway station (Italy)

Firenze Santa Maria Novella (in English Florence Santa Maria Novella) or Stazione di Santa Maria Novella is a terminus railway station in Florence, Italy. The station is used by 59 million people every year and is one of the busiest in Italy.[1]

It is at the northern end of the Florence–Rome direttissima, which was completed on 26 May 1992 and the southern end of the Bologna–Florence Direttissima, opened on 22 April 1934. A new high speed line to Bologna opened on 13 December 2009. The station is also used by regional trains on lines connecting to Pisa, Livorno, Lucca, Viareggio, Bologna and Faenza.

History[edit]

The station was designed in 1932 by a group of architects known as the Gruppo Toscano (Tuscan Group) of which Giovanni Michelucci and Italo Gamberini were among the members; the building was constructed between 1932 and 1934. The plan of the building, as seen from above, looks as if it were based on the fascio littorio, the symbol of Benito Mussolini's National Fascist Party, many documents give this explanation, but, that shape was forced by the pre-existing station. The "blade" represented by the first two passenger tracks and the postal ones were in fact the extension of the 1861 alignment which included the tracks of the line from Livorno.

The building is one of the key works of Italian modernism, but has little to do with the Italian Rationalism movement, being more strongly influenced by the Viennese architecture of Loos and Hoffman, with perhaps a nod to Wright; but it is the building's complete originality that makes it outstanding. The competition to design the station was controversial but the approval by Mussolini of the Gruppo Toscano project was hailed as an official acceptance of modernity. The station was designed to replace the aging Maria Antonia Station, one of the few example of architecture by I. K. Brunel in Italy, and to serve as a gateway to the city centre.

The Gruppo Toscano was only responsible for the main frontal building of the station. The heating plant, platforms, other facilities and details such as benches were all designed in a contrasting style by the official Ministry of Communications architect, Angiolo Mazzoni. The benches and baggage shelves illustrated on this page were not part of the Gruppo Toscano project.

While it is of a 'modern' design, the use of pietra forte for the station's stone frontage was intended to respond to and contrast with the nearby Gothic architecture of the church of Santa Maria Novella. The interior of the station features a dramatic metal and glass roof with large skylights over the main passenger concourse, which is aligned perpendicular to the tracks and acts as a pedestrian street connecting one side of the city with the other. The skylights span the passenger concourse without any supporting columns, giving a feeling of openness and vast space and reinforcing the convergence of all the public functions of the station on the passenger concourse.

Near platform #8 is a memorial plaque in remembrance of the train loads of Jewish people who were deported from Italy to Nazi concentration camps during World War II.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Sources[edit]

  • Zucconi, Guido (1995). Florence: An Architectural Guide (2001 Reprint ed.). San Giovanni Lupatoto (Vr): Arsenale Editrice. p. 130. ISBN 88-7743-147-4. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Firenze Santa Maria Novella at Wikimedia Commons

View from Giotto's Campanile of the station with Santa Maria Novella on the left, and the dome of San Lorenzo in the bottom right corner