First Congregational Church (Atlanta)

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First Congregational Church
Atlanta First Congregational Church 2012 09 15 08 6278.JPG
First Congregational Church (Atlanta) is located in Georgia (U.S. state)
First Congregational Church (Atlanta)
Location 105 Courtland St., NE, Atlanta, Georgia
Coordinates 33°45′27″N 84°23′1″W / 33.75750°N 84.38361°W / 33.75750; -84.38361Coordinates: 33°45′27″N 84°23′1″W / 33.75750°N 84.38361°W / 33.75750; -84.38361
Area less than one acre
Built 1908 (1908)
Architectural style Renaissance
Governing body Private
NRHP Reference # 79000720[1]
Added to NRHP January 19, 1979

First Congregational Church (First Church; United Church of Christ) is a United Church of Christ church located in Downtown Atlanta at the corner of Courtland Street and John Wesley Dobbs Avenue (formerly Houston Street). It is notable for being the favored church of the city's black elite including Alonzo Herndon and Andrew Young, for its famous minister Henry H. Proctor and for President Taft having visited in 1898.[2]

The church is the second oldest Black Congregational Church in the United States. The American Missionary Association (AMA) established the Storrs School in Atlanta. The school served as a center for social services, education, and worship for newly freed blacks. Worshipers at the school's services petitioned for a church of their own. As a result, in May 1867 a Congregational Church was organized,[3] and the AMA donated the land.

The church was never formally segregated but had become mostly black by 1892. The current building is the second church, built on the site of the original one in 1908.[4]

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