First Spouse of the Philippines
||This article may contain original research. (August 2012)|
|This article does not cite any references or sources. (July 2009)|
|First Spouse of the
Flag of the Philippines
|Inaugural holder||Hilaria del Rosario-Aguinaldo|
|Formation||January 23, 1899|
The First Lady / Gentlemen of the Philippines (Tagalog: Unang Ginoo / Ginang ng Pilipinas), sometimes in (Spanish: Primera Dama / Primer Caballero de Filipinas) is the unofficial title of the hostess/host of the Malacañan Palace, the residence of the Philippine head of state. This position is traditionally occupied by the wife or husband of the President of the Philippines, and as such the title is sometimes exclusively for the spouse of the incumbent.
The consort of the Philippine President is, as in other countries, conventionally styled in English as the First Lady (Filipino: Unang Ginang). As Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo took office as the second female President, the male form First Gentleman (abbreviated FG; Filipino: Unang Ginoó) was used for her husband, Miguel Arroyo. This is perhaps one reason for the gender-neutral title of First Spouse, although of note is that many native nouns in most Philippine languages have no grammatical gender (such as translations for husband, wife or spouse).
The position of First Spouse is not an elected position, carries no official duties, and has no personal remuneration. Nonetheless, the officeholder participates in humanitarian and charitable work on behalf of the President. Furthermore, many have taken an active role in campaigning for their spouse or have participated in public life through some other manner.
Imelda Marcos was given a formal job as Governor of Metro Manila and as Minister of Human Settlements by her husband during their 21-year stay in the Palace. She is also the first First Lady to enter the world of Philippine politics by winning a seat in the Interim Batasang Pambansa in 1978.
List of First Spouses of the Philippines 
|#||First Lady/Gentleman||Relation to President||Government||Start||End|
|1||Hilaria del Rosario-Aguinaldo||first wife of Emilio Aguinaldo
(officially recognized as the first President)
|First Philippine Republic (1899–1901)||January 23, 1899||April 1, 1901|
|2||Aurora Aragón-Quezon||wife of Manuel L. Quezon||Commonwealth of the Philippines (1935–1946)||November 15, 1935||August 1, 1944|
|3||Pacencia Hidalgo-Laurel||wife of José P. Laurel||Second Philippine Republic (1943–1945)||October 14, 1943||August 14, 1945|
|4||100px||Esperanza Limjap-Osmeña||wife of Sergio Osmeña||Commonwealth of the Philippines (1935–1946)||August 1, 1944||May 28, 1946|
|5||Trinidád de León-Roxas||wife of Manuel Roxas||Third Philippine Republic (1946–1972)||May 28, 1946||April 15, 1948|
|6||Victoria Quirino-Delgado||daughter of widower Elpidio Quirino||April 17, 1948||December 30, 1953|
|7||Luz Banzon-Magsaysay||wife of Ramon Magsaysay||December 30, 1953||March 17, 1957|
|8||Leonila Dimataga-García||wife of Carlos P. Garcia||March 23, 1957||December 30, 1961|
|9||Evangelina Macaraeg-Macapagal||wife of Diosdado Macapagal||December 30, 1961||December 30, 1965|
|10||Imelda Romualdéz-Marcos||wife of Ferdinand E. Marcos||December 30, 1965||February 25, 1986|
|Philippines under Martial Law (1972–1981)|
|Fourth Philippine Republic (1981–1987)|
|Vacant, as Corazón C. Aquino was a widow.1||February 25, 1986||June 30, 1992|
|11||Amelita Martinéz-Ramos||wife of Fidel V. Ramos||Fifth Philippine Republic (1987–present)||June 30, 1992||June 30, 1998|
|12||Luísa Pimentel-Estrada||wife of Joseph Ejercito Estrada||June 30, 1998||January 20, 2001|
|13||José Miguel Tuason Arroyo||husband of Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo||January 20, 2001||June 30, 2010|
|Vacant, as Benigno S. Aquino III is unmarried.2||June 30, 2010||Incumbent|
- 1 Corazón Aquino was married to Benigno "Ninoy" Aquino, Jr., whose assassination on 21 August 1983 was a key factor in her 1986 rise to the presidency. Her eldest daughter, Ma. Elena "Ballsy" Aquino-Cruz, served as her mother's proxy in some social functions and accompanied her on state visits. In a similar fashion to Victoria Quirino-Delgado, Aquino-Cruz was informally styled "First Lady". But her only son. Benigno III (also become Philippine President) is a de facto first gentleman.
- 2 As Benigno Aquino III is unmarried, his sisters (including Aquino-Cruz above), unofficially perform some of the various duties normally expected of a First Spouse. His relationships while in office to date were Valenzuela City Councilor Shalani Soledad , his personal stylist Liz Uy, and television presenter/DJ Grace Lee.
See also