Pasay

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Pasay
Highly urbanized city
City of Pasay
(From top, left to right): SM Mall of Asia, EDSA corner Taft Avenue, Mall of Asia Arena, Resorts World Manila, TwoE-comCenter, NAIA Terminal 2, Roxas Boulevard
(From top, left to right): SM Mall of Asia, EDSA corner Taft Avenue, Mall of Asia Arena, Resorts World Manila, TwoE-comCenter, NAIA Terminal 2, Roxas Boulevard
Official seal of Pasay
Seal
Nickname(s): The Premier Gateway to the Philippines, The Travel City, The Travel Capital of The Philippines, Home of the Aliwan Fiesta, Festival Capital of Metro Manila, Asian City, Trading Center of the Philippines, Japanese City of the Philippines"
Motto: Aim High Pasay!
Map of Metro Manila highlighting Pasay City
Map of Metro Manila highlighting Pasay City
Pasay is located in Philippines
Pasay
Pasay
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 14°33′N 121°00′E / 14.550°N 121.000°E / 14.550; 121.000Coordinates: 14°33′N 121°00′E / 14.550°N 121.000°E / 14.550; 121.000
Country Philippines
Region National Capital Region
Districts Lone District of Pasay City
Incorporated December 2, 1863 (town)
Incorporated June 21, 1947 (city)
Barangays 201
Government[1]
 • Mayor Antonino G. Calixto (Liberal)
 • Vice Mayor Marlon A. Pesebre (United Nationalist Alliance)
 • Representative Emi G. Calixto-Rubiano (Liberal)
 • Sangguniang Panlungsod
Area[2]
 • Total 18.50 km2 (7.14 sq mi)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 392,869
 • Density 21,000/km2 (55,000/sq mi)
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
ZIP code 1300–1309
Area code 2
Website www.pasay.gov.ph

Pasay, officially the City of Pasay (Filipino: Lungsód ng Pasay), is one of the cities and municipalities that make up Metro Manila in the Philippines. It is bordered on the north by the country's capital, the City of Manila, to the northeast by Makati City, to the east by Taguig City, and Parañaque City to the south.

Pasay City was one of the original four cities of Metro Manila. Due to its proximity to Manila, it quickly became an urban town during the American Occupation.

Etymology[edit]

The name "Pasay" is of uncertain origin, although there are several theories:

  • Paz may have been the name of a hacienda owner's daughter, who was bewailed by her brokenhearted lover at her death as "Paz-ay!". This became the name of the hacienda and in turn came to be known simply as Pasay.[4]
  • The city's name may also come from pasaw, a plant with an exotic aroma, that used grow abundantly there. Spanish botanist, Antonio Pineda, visited a place called Basal to collect pasaw.[4]
  • The most credible explanation is that Pasay was named after Princess Dayang-dayang Pasay of the Namayan Kingdom, who inherited lands now comprising modern-day Makati, Pasay and Baclaran.[4]
  • 'Pasay' may have been derived from Samudera Pasai. It was an Islamic sultanate on the north coast of the island of Sumatra that existed from the late 13th century to the early 16th century. In the year 1524 a rival kingdom, Aceh, conquered the kingdom. Several groups of Pasai inhabitants escaped from the conquered kingdom and found their way to the island of Luzon. There, they established a small settlement that would later be known as Pasay, after the settlers’ place of origin, the Kingdom of Pasai.[5]

Pasay's name may also have originated from the Spanish Paso hay meaning "there is a pass". This referred to the paths cleared among the grass leading to the southern portions from Manila.[citation needed]

History[edit]

Namayan Kingdom[edit]

The name of the city of Pasay, they say, came from the wail of a brokenhearted swain. Jose and Paz were in love with each other and were intent on a life together. But in those days their love was forbidden. Jose's father was one of many tenants of the hacienda of the father of Paz. Jose was ordered to stay away from Paz. Couldn't take the misery and misfortune, Paz died.

At her funeral the elite came to mourn and pray. Jose stood at a distance, and when everybody left, dug a tunnel into the earth to be with her. Once joined, he let out a sharp and anguished cry "Paz-ay!" In sorrow and regret, the parents of Paz named their hacienda Paz-ay. In time the whole town came to be called Pasay. Historians have another explanation to the origin of name of the city. It is said that the Pasay was then thick with pasaw, a plant with an exotic aroma. It was said that a Spanish botanist, Antonio Pineda, frequented a place called Basal in the vicinity of San Rafael to gather pasaw.

There are other explanations to the nature of the name of Pasay but the most one given most weight is that it was named after a princess of the Namayan Kingdom, Dayang-dayang Pasay. The Namayan kingdom is the confederation of barangays which began to peak in 1175. It stretches from Manila Bay to Laguna de Bai. Dayang-dayang Pasay inherited the lands now comprising the territories of Culi-culi, Pasay and Baclaran. The royal capital of the kingdom was built in Sapa, known today as Santa Ana.

The natives brought their products to the capital of Namayan. Trading flourished during the twelfth to the fourteenth centuries. Merchants from the China, Moluccas, Java, Borneo, Sumatra, India, Siam, and Cambodia came to trade with the natives.

Spanish Time[edit]

Magellan discovered the Philippines when he landed on the Island of Homonhon on March 16, 1521. On May 19, 1571, Legaspi took formal possession of Maynila in the name of the Spanish king. For 250 years, the Islands were put under the administration of the Viceroy of Mexico but it was the friars that held the reins.

Of the many religious orders that came, it was the Augustinians who would figure predominantly in the evangelization of Pasay. The parish was placed under the wings of the old capital, Sta. Ana de Sapa, under the jurisdiction of the Franciscan fathers. In 1727, the Augustinian Order took over Pasay and was attached to the Nuestra Seniora de los Remedios parish of Malate. It was also during that year that Pasay's name was changed to Pineda in honor of Don Cornelio Pineda, a Spanish horticulturist.

A room reserved in heaven served as the inspiration for native converts to donate their possession to the church. It is said that Dayangdayang Pasay donated her vast estate to the Augustinians on her deathbed. Most of Pasay went into friar lands, if not by donation by purchase. Many natives were forced to let go of their properties to cope with the stringent colonial impositions.

In 1862, a number of prominent citizens of Pasay sent a petition to the civil and ecclesiastical authorities asking that they be allowed to manage their own political and religious affairs. On December 2, 1863 upon the recommendation of Archbishop Gregorio Martinez of Sta. Cruz, Pasay became a Pueblo.

The opening of the Suez Canal in 1869 led many Spaniards to this part of the world. The new arrivals carried with them ideas and ideals that led to the political and social reforms. Times were good and Filipinos were delighted but the Spaniards and friars considered the liberal learnings as seeds of heresy. Democratic reforms ended with the liberal regime collapse in Madrid. There were wholesale executions and much innocent blood was spilled.

Pasay produced numerous heroes during the Philippines-Spanish War. Katipunan, a revolutionary movement was founded by Andres Bonifacio and a chapter of the movement was organized by Pascual Villanueva, Jacinto Ignacio, Valentin Ignacio in Pasay. Several women also fought for the cause of the Katipunan including Marcela Marcelo.

The execution of Dr. Jose Rizal, author of the seditious novels Noli Me Tangere and El Filibusterismo, sealed the fate of Spain forever in the Philippines. Rizal's death inspired the natives with revolutionary pride and fervor.

But just when the Filipinos thought they could gain freedom from one colonial ruler, they were on the verge of falling under the yoke of still another. On February 25, 1898 Theodore Roosevelt instructed Commodore George Dewey of the American Asiatic Squadron to make Hong Kong his base of operations. Thus, Dewey, with his squadron would, at his signal, "proceed with offensive operations in the Philippines."

War was declared on April 25th and Dewey steamed into Manila Bay on the night of April 30th. With a few well-directed shots, the American squadron destroyed the Spanish flotilla without the loss of a single life.

Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo declared independence of a new Philippine republic on June 12, 1898. He issued decrees providing political reorganization in the country. With this, Don Catalino became Pasay's first presidente municipal.

Pasay was made the command outpost of the Primera Zona de Manila under Gen. Mariano Noriel but Gen. Merritt appealed that the Pasay outpost turned over to the Americans so that they could be closer to the Spanish lines. On July 29th, Noriel, thinking Americans were allies, left Pasay allowing American General Greene to transfer. When Intramuros was finally captured, the Filipinos were denied entry in the walled city. Since then, tension simmered between Filipino and American troops. Both sides were assigned respective zones but neither observed boundary lines. On the night of February 4, 1899, four Filipinos crossed the American line. Shots were exchanged. The Philippine Insurrection had begun.

On May 19, 1899, General Noriel was given command again of Pasay. In June, Noriel together with General Ricarte almost defeated the American forces had they exploited the exhaustion of the enemy in the Battle of Las Piñas. Instead their forces were attacked by American reinforcements and bombarded by warships. The assault forced them to abandon Pasay. Thus, at the beginning of the Philippine–American War, Pasay was occupied by American Forces.

American Period[edit]

The war between the Filipinos and Americans ended officially on July 4, 1902, and to the surprise of the vanquished, the victors buckled down to bring to fruition McKinley's original version of training Filipinos to run their own government.

With one generation, the United States helped the Filipinos grow. Political progress was rapid. A vigorous health campaign was started to rid the islands of cholera, bubonic plague, and smallpox. Hospitals were built. Artisan wells were dug to halt various water-borne diseases. On August 23, 1901 the United States Army transport Thomas docked at Manila Bay carrying six hundred American schoolteachers. As for public works, roads increased from 990 miles when the Americans first came to 13,000 miles of road half of which are first class and all-weather network.

On June 1, 1901, the town of Pasay (then called Pineda) was incorporated into the Province of Rizal. Antonio Dancel was appointed provincial governor and Pascual Villanueva as municipal president. On August 4, 1901, a resolution was passed petitioning that the original name of Pasay be returned. Before the year ended the Philippine Commission approved the petition. Two years later, on October 12, 1903, the pueblo of Malibay was annexed to Pasay. With a population of 8,100 in 1903, Pasay was placed under fourth-class category together with 9 other municipalities.

Friar lands were turned into subdivisions. Soon the Pasay Real Estate Company offered friar lands as residential lots for sale or for lease to foreign investors.

Postal, telegraph, and telephone lines were installed and branches of Philippine Savings Bank were established. In 1907 a first-class road from Pasay to Camp Nichols was completed. Others were repaired including the old Avenida Mexico now called the Taft Avenue extension. Transportation services improved. Among the buses plying routes to Pasay were Pasay Transportation, Raymundo Transportation, Try-tran, and Halili Transit. By 1908, tranvia (electric car) lines linked Pasay to Intramuros, Escolta, San Miguel, San Sebastian, and San Juan. Automobiles took to the streets, testing their maximum 20KPH speed on three new avenues (Rizal, Taft, and Ayala). Marvel after marvel continued to fascinate the Pasayeños.

On April 11, 1914, Pasay entered the Aviation Age. Miss Cora Wong, a nurse at the Chinese General Hospital became the first woman in the Philippines to fly as a passenger on a flight with Tom Gunn in a Curtiss seaplane off Pasay Beach.

Real estate was cheap. Much of the bayside area beyond Luneta was swamp but American ex-soldiers were quick to seize the opportunity to develop it for residential purposes. By 1918, Pasay had a population of 18,697 because of the exodus of prominent Filipino families and government officials to this seaside town including Manuel L. Quezon.

World War II came and on December 26, 1941, McArthur issued a proclamation declaring Manila and it suburbs (Caloocan, Quezon City, San Juan, Mandaluyong, Makati, and Pasay) an open city. On New Year's Day, 1942 Quezon, while in Corregidor, called his secretary Jorge Vargas and appointed him by executive order "the Mayor of Greater Manila" which included Pasay. The mayor of Pasay was then Rufino Mateo, governing a town of more than 55,161.

During the WWII many Pasayeños joined in the fight against the Japanese. Jose P. Maibag, born and bred in Pasay, laid out underground networking. Carlos Mendoza, a resident of Barrio San Roque, together with 14 others, formed a mobile broadcasting station called "The Voice of Juan dela Cruz." Unfortunately on July 11, 1942 Japanese military police pounced the group. Carling Mendoza, alias Juan de la Cruz" and other members of the group were brought to the old Bilibid Prison and suffered the kind of torture they talked about on radio.

Pasay had to redo the signs all over town. Tagalog was ordered to prevail over English. The national language became a core subject in the secondary school curriculum. Nippongo was taught in all levels. Pasay was to prepare for the Second Republic.

On October 14, 1943, Japan proclaimed the Second Philippine Republic. Meantime, food had become so scarce that prices soared. Pasay folks began to move away from the city.

In October 1944, word came that Gen. MacArthur had landed in Leyte. In the middle of February, Pasay was to witness the ultimate holocaust yet. Pasay and its neighbors Ermita, Malate, Paco, Pandacan, Singalong would hear day and night, the shelling at the mouth of the Manila Bay from across Pasig River.

Pasay was both witness and victim. In the final days before they lost Greater Manila, the Japanese burned houses and sacked the town. And when the embers cooled, then, and only then, did the Filipinos realize, in shock, that their city was gone forever.

Third Republic[edit]

On February 27, 1945, General MacArthur turned over the government to President Sergio Osmeña. One of Osmeña's first acts was to dissolve the Greater Manila Complex. Caloocan, San Juan, Mandaluyong, Makati, Pasay, and Paranaque were returned to their original province of Rizal. He then appointed Juan S. Salcedo, born in Pasay in 1904, as Director of Philippine Health, and then as executive officer of the Philippine Rehabilitation Administration in charge of national recovery from the devastation wrought by the Japanese occupation.

The postwar reconstruction period was a very trying one for the Pasayeños as they began to pick up the pieces of their shattered lives. Osmeña appointed Adolfo Santos as prewar vice-mayor of Pasay, in place of incumbent Moises San Juan who died during the war.

Ignacio Santos Diaz, congressman from the first district of Pasay, pushed for the conversion of the town into a city and it to be named after Rizal. The Diaz bill was signed into law by President Roxas on June 21, 1947. Rizal City with population of 88,738 was inaugurated with Mateo Rufino as Mayor.

Rizal was off to a good start with revenues of P472,835 as of June, 1948. There was just one hitch; the residents could not get themselves to call their city by its new name. After two years, eight months, and twelve days of trying the force of habit continued to prevail. Pasay Congressman Eulogio Rodriguez, Jr. filed a bill returning the city to its original name. On May 3, 1950, President Elpidio Quirino, once a resident of Pasay himself, signed into law the bill approved by Congress.

It was also in the 1940s when houses of faith started rising in different parts of Pasay to help people heal their bruised souls. Among them were the Church of Our Lady of Sorrows, the Libreria de San Pablo Catholic Women's League, Caritas, the nutrition center, and the grotto of Our Lady of Lourdes.

In 1951, two parishes were established -the Parish of San Isidro Labrador and the Parish of San Rafael.

On June 14, 1955, Pasay City regained its power to choose its leader. Pablo Cuneta ran against one-time Mayor Adolfo Santos and became the city's first elected mayor. In 1959, he campaigned again and won against his former vice-mayor, Ruperto Galvez.

On December 30, 1965, Ferdinand E. Marcos occupied Malacañang Palace as the new President of the Philippines, with Fernando Lopez, a resident of Pasay, as Vice-President. From that moment Imelda Romualdez Marcos became involved in national affairs. On the northern boundary of Pasay, she started filling the waterfront on Manila Bay to build the Cultural Center which was a world-class arts complex. She would add three more architectural showpieces on reclaimed land in Pasay: the Folk Arts, Film Center, and the Convention Center.

While the First Lady was busy changing Manila's skyline, President Marcos was using his new presidential powers to create a police state for eventual dictatorship.

In 1967, Jovito Claudio won for the mayoralty race against Pablo Cuneta.

In 1969, Marcos ran for reelection and claimed a margin of one million seven hundred votes over his opponent Sergio Osmeña, Jr. Marcos paid for his campaign in several ways: by printing more money and causing runaway inflation. So obvious was the election fraud that Marcos became the target of unprecedented contempt of students and the opposition.

In the following year, an assassination attempt occurred in Pasay. A Crazed Bolivian surrealist painter lunged at Pope Paul VI with a knife grazing his chest.

In 1971, Cuneta became mayor once more of the 206,283 Pasayeños. It was the time of crisis since the Maoist New People's Army was getting stronger in the countryside. The government bureaucracy was corrupt, nepotistic, and inept. Anarchy ruled the streets. The nation shuddered with fear in the face of its own implosion.

New Society[edit]

On September 21, 1972 Marcos signed Proclamation No. 1081 placing the nation under martial law on the grounds of growing threat of Communism, natural clamities and rising violence which included a string of bombings and the staged assassination plot on his Defense Secretary, Juan Ponce Enrile.

Mayors in Greater Manila, including Pablo Cuneta of Pasay were called to Malacañang and asked to join the government party, the Kilusang Bagong Lipunan and nobody dared to refuse the President.

On December 7, 1972, an assassin tried to kill Imelda Marcos. The event took place in Pasay, on live television. While Mrs. Marcos was distributing prizes to the winners of the National Beautification and Cleanliness contest. She suffered some wounds and broken nails but on the whole she emerged unscathed from that close encounter.

On the second anniversary of martial law, Marcos issued Presidential Decree No. 557, returning to every barrio in the country the barangays. Not long after the decree had been put into effect, the Metropolitan Manila Commission and the Department of Local Government instructed Pasay to create its own barangays. Mayor Cuneta created 487 barangays. Upon the firm suggestion of Secretary Jose Roño of the Department of Local Government, the number of barangays was trimmed down to two hundred.

On November 7, 1975 Marcos appointed the First Lady as governor of Metro Manila, a new federation created by Presidential Decree No 824. The federation consolidated 13 towns and 4 cities including Pasay.

By 1977 an air of stability seemed to settle on the cities and the countryside. The GNP posted an annual increase of 7%, unemployment dropped, foreign investment doubled, and a sense of law and order existed. But it would take time for people to realize the high prize they had to pay for the New Society. An estimated six thousand political prisoners had been silenced in jail, including Ninoy Aquino. Bodies disappeared without a trace. More importantly, Marcos's main justification for martial law - to curb Communist threat - had in fact had the opposite way.

In 1980, Ninoy Aquino a political nemesis of Marcos was assassinated in the Manila International Airport upon his return from self-exile abroad.

People Power[edit]

Geography[edit]

Pasay City zones and barangays

Pasay City covers a total land area of 18.50 square kilometres (7.14 sq mi), making it the third smallest political subdivision in the National Capital Region and fourth in the whole country. It borders City of Manila to the north, Parañaque to the south, Makati and Taguig to the northeast, and Manila Bay to the west.

The city can be divided in 3 distinct areas: the city's urban area with an area of 5.505 square kilometres (2.125 sq mi); the Civil Aeronautics Administration (CAA) complex, which include the Ninoy Aquino International Airport (NAIA) and the Villamor Airbase, with an area of 9.5 square kilometres (3.7 sq mi); and the reclaimed land from Manila Bay with an area of 4.00 square kilometres (1.54 sq mi).[2]

Pasay is composed of seven (7) districts, subdivided into twenty (20) zones, with a total of 201 barangays. The barangays don't have names but are only designated with sequential numbers. The largest zone with an area of 5.10 square kilometres (1.97 sq mi) is Zone 19, which covers barangays 178 and 191. The smallest zone with an area of 10 hectares (25 acres) is Zone 1, covering Barangays 1 to 3 and 14 to 17.[2]

Populated places/Barangays in Pasay:

  • Apelo Cruz
  • Batao
  • Bay City
  • Cabrera
  • Cartimar
  • Cuyegkeng
  • Don Carlos Village
  • Edang
  • F.B Harisson
  • Juan Sumulong
  • Kalayaan
  • Leveriza
  • Libertad
  • Malibay
  • Manila Bay Reclamation
  • Marcela Marcelo
  • Maricaban
  • M. Dela Cruz
  • Newport City
  • Nichols
  • Padre Burgos
  • Pasay Rotonda
  • Philippine International Convention Center
  • Pildera I
  • Pildera II
  • Rivera Village
  • San Pablo
  • San Isidro
  • San Jose
  • San Rafael
  • San Roque
  • Santa Clara
  • Santo Niño
  • Tramo
  • Tripa de Gallina
  • Ventanilla
  • Villamor Air Base

Demographics[edit]

Population census of Pasay
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1990 368,366 —    
1995 408,610 +1.96%
2000 354,908 −2.98%
2007 403,064 +1.77%
2010 392,869 −0.93%
Source: National Statistics Office[3]

Economy[edit]

Headquarters of Philippine Airlines

Philippine Airlines is headquartered in the Philippine National Bank Financial Center beside the World Trade Center Manila in Pasay City.[6] Spirit of Manila Airlines has its headquarters in Roxas Sea Front Garden in Pasay City.[7] Cebu Pacific and Interisland Airlines have their headquarters on the grounds of Ninoy Aquino International Airport and in Pasay City.[8][9] Oishi (Liwayway), a snack company, also has its headquarters in Pasay.[10]

National government offices found in Pasay include: Department of Foreign Affairs (DFA), Senate of the Philippines, the Philippine Department of Trade and Industry's export promotions agency – the Center for International Trade Expositions and Missions (CITEM) – located in the International Trade Complex's Golden Shell Pavilion, and the Overseas Workers Welfare Administration (OWWA). The main office of the Philippine National Bank is located in the City.

LBC Express headquarters located at the Star Cruises Centre in Newport Cybertourism Zone of Pasay City.

Attractions and landmarks[edit]

The City is known for its entertainment – business-restaurants, coffee shops, and clubs, particularly those located along Roxas Boulevard, facing Manila Bay. A large part of Metro Manila's "tourist belt" is located in the City.

Most of the attractions in the city are on the grounds of the CCP (Cultural Center of the Philippines) Complex, including Philippine International Convention Center (PICC), Tanghalang Francisco Balagtas (formerly Folk Arts Theater), Manila Film Center, Coconut Palace, Product Development and Design Center of the Philippines (PDDCP), Philippine Trade Training Center (PTTC), World Trade Center Metro Manila (WTCMM), Cuneta Astrodome, Aliw Theater, and theme parks Star City, Nayong Pilipino, and Boom na Boom.

Other landmarks include:

SM Mall of Asia[edit]

Pasay City is home to the headquarters of the SM Group of Companies and the SM Mall of Asia, touted as the second biggest mall in the Philippines which opened on May 21, 2006, It Also Used In SM Bay City Complex Developed By SMDC Which There Are SM Corporate Offices Includes As One & Two E Com Center, A Place Center, &, Fly Ace Corporate Center To Its Condominiums As Sea Residences, Shell Residences, and Mall of Asia Arena will be opened in 2012 which will be the biggest sports arena in the Philippines with the seat capacity of 20,000 and the new home of University Athletic Association of the Philippines and the National Collegiate Athletic Association. Also interesting is a budding strip of restaurants at the corner of EDSA Extension and Pres. Diosdado Macapagal Ave. It will also be the house of booming call center business industry in the Philippines due to vast land space available located in the reclamation area.

Panoramic view of the SM Mall of Asia, one of the largest shopping malls in the world.

Local government[edit]

Elected officials (2013–2016):

  • Mayor: Antonino G. Calixto
  • Vice Mayor: Marlon Pesebre
  • Congresswoman: Imelda Calixto-Rubiano
  • Councilors 1st District:
    • Grace Santos
    • Jenny Roxas
    • Richard Advincula
    • Abet Alvina
    • Eduardo Advincula
    • Lex Ibay
  • Councilors 2nd District:
    • Allan Panaligan
    • Aileen Padua
    • Ian Vendivel
    • Arnel Regino Arceo
    • Reynaldo Padua
    • Arvin Tolentino

List of former mayors[edit]

Alcalde:

  • 1811 Juan de Jesus
  • 1812 Marcelo Celeridad
  • 1813 Gavino Vergel
  • 1814 Domingo Cifra
  • 1815 Bernardo de Jesus
  • 1816 Enrique Cuneta
  • 1817 Gavino Vergel
  • 1818 Marcelo Celeridad
  • 1819 Froilan Fernando
  • 1820 Miguel Tolentino
  • 1821 Joaquin Protacio
  • 1822 Marcos Cabrera
  • 1823 Angel Isidro
  • 1824 Miguel Tolentino
  • 1825 Tomas Inocencio
  • 1826 Andres Aragon

Gobernadorcillo:

  • 1827 Dionisio Fernando
  • 1828 Damaso Sanchez
  • 1829 Protocio de Jesus
  • 1830 Idefonso Sanchez
  • 1831 Juan Vergel
  • 1832 Juan Antonio
  • 1833 Joaquin Protacio
  • 1834 Marcos Cabrera
  • 1835 Dionisio Fernando
  • 1836 Andres Aragon
  • 1837 Flaviano Protacio
  • 1838 Serapio Celeridad
  • 1839 Santiago Raymundo
  • 1840 Genaro Cabrera
  • 1841 Juan Vergel Cruz
  • 1842 Gregorio Manapat
  • 1843 Santiago Raymundo
  • 1844 Igmidio Cabrera
  • 1845 Alejandro Ignacio
  • 1846 Eutropio Manapat
  • 1847 Eutropio Manapat
  • 1848 Gregorio Vergel Cruz
  • 1849 Juan Escobal
  • 1850 Francisco del Rosario

Alcalde:

  • 1851 Flaviano Protacio
  • 1852 Tomas Aragon
  • 1853 Teofilo Protacio
  • 1854 Faustino Celeridad
  • 1855 Santiago Raymundo
  • 1856 Tomas Aragon
  • 1857 Fortunato Vergel Cruz
  • 1858 Telesforo Apelo Cruz
  • 1859 Fortunato Santos
  • 1860 Rufino Cabrera
  • 1861 Bendicto Decena
  • 1862 Buenaventura Cabrera
  • 1863 Manuel Fernando
  • 1864–65 Pedro Vergel Cruz
  • 1866–67 Faustino Celeridad
  • 1868–69 Abito Vergel Cruz
  • 1870–71 Hermogenes Vito Cruz
  • 1872–73 Fortunato Vergel Cruz
  • 1874–75 Teodoro Aragon
  • 1876–77 Macario Vergel
  • 1878–79 Pedro Aragon
  • 1880–81 Macario Vergel Cruz
  • 1882–83 Marcelino Tolentino
  • 1884–85 Lorenzo Protacio
  • 1886–87 Isaac Tolentino
  • 1888–89 Rufino Cabrera
  • 1890 Leocadio Villa Real
  • 1891–92 Catalino Taylo
  • 1893 Maximo de Jesus

Capitan Municipal:

  • 1894 Marcelino Tolentino
  • 1895–97 Marino Reyes
  • 1898–99 Catalino Taylo

Municipal President:

  • 1900–05 Pascual Villanueva
  • 1906–08 Gregorio Villanueva
  • 1908–10 Mauro Reyes
  • 1910–12 Eugenio Villanueva
  • 1912–19 Pascual Villanueva
  • 1919–22 Miguel R. Cornejo
  • 1931–34 Moises San Juan

Alcalde:

  • 1932–37 Moises San Juan
  • 1937–40 Rufino Mateo
  • 1940–42 Moises San Juan
  • 1942 Aldolfo Santos

District Chief (appointed):

  • 1942–45 Enrique Manaloto
  • 1945 Alipio Pestañas
  • Nocanor Santos
  • Adolfo Santos

Municipal Mayor:

  • 1946–50 Rufino Mateo
  • 1950–51 Carlos Rivilla
  • 1952 Primitivo Lovina

Mayor:

  • 1950–53 Pablo Cuneta (acting)
  • 1953–55 Pablo Cuneta

Elected City Mayor:

  • 1956–59 Pablo Cuneta
  • 1960–63 Pablo Cuneta
  • 1968–71 Jovito Claudio
  • 1972–80 Pablo Cuneta
  • 1981–86 Pablo Cuneta
  • 1986–87 Eduardo Calixto (OIC)
  • 1987–88 Norman Urbina (OIC)
  • 1989–91 Pablo Cuneta
  • 1992–95 Pablo Cuneta
  • 1995–98 Pablo Cuneta
  • 1998–April 2000 Jovito O. Claudio
  • May 2000–August 2006 Wenceslao "Peewee" Trinidad
  • Jan. 2007–June 30, 2007 Allan T. Panaligan (acting)
  • July 2007–2010 Wenceslao "Peewee" Trinidad
  • 2010–present Antonino "Tony" G. Calixto

Transportation[edit]

Ninoy Aquino International airport, the main gateway to the Philippines.

Airport[edit]

The city shares the location of the Ninoy Aquino International Airport with Parañaque City. Terminal 2 and Terminal 3, as well as the terminal of Manila Domestic Airport are located in Pasay City. Villamor Airbase of the Philippine Air Force is also located there. Access roads to the terminals are:

  • Terminal 2 (Centennial) – NAIA Road
  • Terminal 3 (New) – Andrews Avenue (adjacent to Villamor Air Base)
  • Domestic Terminal – Domestic Road

Rail[edit]

This city has 2 railways. The following railways are: LRT Line 1 and MRT Line 3. The depot of LRT 1 is located along Airport Road near Ninoy Aquino International Airport.

This city has 5 Railway Stations. The following are:

MRT-3: (with 1 Station)

LRT-1: (with 4 Stations)

Road network[edit]

View of Roxas Boulevard from the Libertad overpass
Pasay Rotonda(EDSA - Taft Ave.)

Pasay City is accessible through these following major roads:

Expressways:

Unity Run[edit]

On the List of largest running events in the world is based on the number of participants a record of 209,000 registered running enthusiasts participated Sunday’s 2012 Kahit Isang Araw Lang : Unity Run which started and ended at the SM Mall of Asia grounds in Pasay City.

The second edition of the race surpassed the Guinness World record of 116,086 participants posted in the Run for Pasig River on Oct 10, 2010.[11]

Festivals[edit]

Sto. Niño Festival (18th to 31st of January)
A yearly celebration in honor of the Sto. Niño marked by the opening of an exhibit featuring various Sto. Niño images. Highlighting the event is a grand procession of the exhibited images.
Feast Day of Sta. Clara (2nd Sunday of February)
Childless couples, businessmen, politicians and grateful parents walk and dance along the streets as a thanksgiving for all the blessings they have previously received and to ask for other favor as well.
Serenata (2nd week of February)
A series of rondalla and brass band concerts. The Serenata is also a revival of open-air musical performances held at the Sta. Clara Church patio in celebration of the Saint Claire's feast day.
Tiburin Race (2nd week of February)
One of the highlights of the Sta. Clara feast day is the Tiburin Race, a horse race at Cementina and Libertad streets. About 100 horses have been trained solely for this event.
Malibay Cenakulo (Holy Week)
theatrical presentation depicting the life and passion of Jesus Christ usually held at Malibay Plaza during the season of Lent. Aside from the cenakulo, observance of Lent includes Visita Iglesia as well as a procession of centuries-old images borne by their decorative carrozas as an expression of faith.
Pasko ng Pagkabuhay (Easter Sunday)
An Easter celebration staged at the town plaza at 4:00 in the morning highlighted by the re-enactment of the meeting of Mary and the Risen Christ.
Aliwan Fiesta (3rd Week of April)
Aliwan Fiesta harnesses the power of Philippine festivals to showcase how religion, culture, and tradition are woven into the fiber of our existence. Traditional fiestas, which are held annually to commemorate the foundation of a town or province, or honoring its patron saint, are brought together en masse to highlight the Pinoy’s indomitable and ebullient spirit, together with his mien for creativity and innovation. With most major fiestas rooted in the pre-colonial period, there is understandably a festival sector that celebrates Nature’s bounty. Our Filipino forebears worshipped pagan gods who, to them, were responsible for bountiful harvests on land and sea.
Flores de Mayo (1st Sunday of May)
May time activity held in honor of the Virgin Mary highlighted by the Pag-aalay and procession of beautiful sagalas mostly celebrities, models and beauty queens.
Talulot Festival (October 6)
in honor of St. Therese of the Child Jesus in Newport, Pasay
Araw Ng Pasay (December 2)
The Foundation Day and Special Holiday in Pasay every December 2. Each barangays celebrate by having parlor games, beauty pageants, quiz bees in schools, etc.
Metro Manila Film Festival (3rd week of December)
Grand parade of floats along Roxas Boulevard of different movie entries to the yearly Metro Manila Film Festival.
World Pyro Olympics/The Philippine International Pyromusical Competition (no fixed date)
An annual international pyrotechnic competition amongst fireworks manufacturers, the largest of its kind in the world. It runs for five days for World Pyro Olympics and 6 weeks for The Philippine International Pyromusical Competition. This event showcases ten (10) participating countries, with nine displays from the competing countries and an exhibition display from the Host Country. Display shall be for the duration of twenty minutes and the pyrotechnics shall be launched from a barge situated in the waters of Manila Bay.
The host of the event does not participate in the competition but performs a fireworks display on the last night. Awards, such as the People’s Choice, are given out after the exhibition. The crowning of the World Pyro Olympics / Philippine International Pyromusical Competition's Winners ends the event.

Education[edit]

The following are the different schools in Pasay under the Department of Education (DepEd) – Division of Pasay:

Public[edit]

Elementary/primary schools

Pasay North District:

  • Padre Burgos Elem. School
  • Bernabe Elem. School
  • Rafael Palma Elem. School
  • Epifanio delos Santos Elem. School

Pasay East District:

  • Timoteo Paez Elem. School
  • Padre Zamora Elem. School
  • Marcela Marcelo Elem. School
  • Juan Sumulong Elem. School
  • Apelo Cruz Elem. School

Pasay West District:

  • Jose Rizal Elem. School
  • Andres Bonifacio Elem. School
  • Gotamco Elem. School
  • Cuneta Elem. School
  • P. Villanueva Elem. School

Pasay South District:

  • Villamor Air Base Elem. School
  • Maricaban Elem. School
  • Rivera Village Elem. School
  • Don Carlos Village Elem. School
  • Kalayaan Elem. School
Secondary schools
Special schools
  • Philippine School for the Deaf
  • Phil. National School for the Blind
  • Pasay City SPED Center
  • ALS Community Learning Center

Private[edit]

Elementary/primary and secondary schools
  • St. Mary's Academy – Pasay
  • Sta. Clara Parish School
  • San Isidro Catholic School
  • Blessed Elena Academy
  • Community of Praise Integrated School, Inc.
  • Domini Angelicus Integrated School
  • Gideon Academy
  • Golden Treasure Baptist Academy of Pasay
  • Great Beginnings Preschool
  • Pasay Adventist Church Elementary School
  • Pasay City Academy
  • Philippine Pasay Chung Hua Academy
  • San Jose Kindergarten School
  • St. Gabriel Academy of Paranaque
  • The Pear Tree Academy
  • Betty's Vermillion Academy
  • Brussels Learning Center
  • Guardian Angel Uriel School
  • Pasay Alliance Christian School
  • Young Achievers Learning Center
  • Capt. Wilijado P. Abuid Foundation
  • Grace Christian Community School
  • Pasay Pre-Schoolers Tutorial and Learning Center (Malibay)
  • Pasay Pre-Schoolers Tutorial and Learning Center (Revilla)
  • San Juan Nepomuceno School
  • Scoula Madonna Della Scala
  • Southeastern College
  • The Treehouse Child Development & Learning Center
  • Infant King Learning Center
  • Integrated Montessori Center
  • MFP Academy
  • R and O Academy Inc.
  • St. Therese of the Child Jesus of the Holy Face School
  • Villamor Air Basr Christian School, Inc.

Colleges and universities[edit]

Notable people[edit]

  • Nina Girado - a Filipino pop/R&B singer, occasional songwriter, record producer, TV and radio personality at ABS-CBN.
  • Pablo Cuneta - The Former Pasay City Mayor and Rizal Governor. Father of Sharon Cuneta.
  • Sharon Cuneta - a multi-awarded Filipino singer, actress and TV host dubbed The Megastar of Philippine Entertainment.
  • Anita Linda - is a two-time FAMAS award-winning and Gawad Urian award-winning Filipino film actress. A romantic lead in her youth, she later gained critical acclaim for her portrayals in maternal or elderly roles.
  • Maricel Laxa - is a Filipino comedian and actress. She performed in the 1992 movie "Iisa Pa Lamang" for which she won Best Supporting Actress awards in both the 1992 FAMAS Awards and 1992 Star Awards.
  • Fernando Lopez - Former 2-term Vice President of the Philippines.
  • Carl Guevarra - is a Filipino actor and model. He is the winner of the Be Bench / The Model Search.
  • Francisco Coching - comic books illustrator and writer.
  • Lisa Macuja-Elizalde - is a Prima Ballerina. In 1984, she became the first Filipina prima ballerina, and first foreign soloist to ever join the Kirov Ballet.
  • Ron Morales - is a Filipino model, actor and performer. He currently appears on various ABS-CBN shows.
  • Aldred Gatchalian- Filipino Actor and Singer, Star Magic, ABS-CBN

Sister cities[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Cities". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 30 November 2012. 
  2. ^ a b c "City Profile". asay City Government. Retrieved 5 December 2012. 
  3. ^ a b "Population and Annual Growth Rates for The Philippines and Its Regions, Provinces, and Highly Urbanized Cities". 2010 Census and Housing Population. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 2012-12-05. 
  4. ^ a b c "Kingdom of Namayan". About Pasay. Pasay City Government. Retrieved 5 December 2012. 
  5. ^ http://www.elaput.com/ntsk13.htm
  6. ^ "About PAL." Philippine Airlines. Retrieved May 19, 2009.
  7. ^ "Contact Us." Spirit of Manila Airlines. Retrieved September 13, 2010.
  8. ^ "Call Center / Guest Services / Product Ideas." Cebu Pacific. Retrieved March 31, 2010.
  9. ^ "Contact Information." Interisland Airlines. Retrieved August 11, 2010.
  10. ^ "Privacy Policy." Oishi. Retrieved on April 5, 2014. "Liwayway Marketing Corporation 2225 Tolentino St. Brgy. 129, Pasay City"
  11. ^ Calapre, Frank (23 January 2012). "Unity Run sets record participants". Manila Times. Retrieved 6 June 2012. 

External links[edit]