Pasay

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Pasay City
Highly urbanized city
(From top, left to right): SM Mall of Asia, EDSA corner Taft Avenue, Mall of Asia Arena, Resorts World Manila, TwoE-comCenter, NAIA Terminal 2, view of Pasay
(From top, left to right): SM Mall of Asia, EDSA corner Taft Avenue, Mall of Asia Arena, Resorts World Manila, TwoE-comCenter, NAIA Terminal 2, view of Pasay
Official seal of Pasay City
Seal
Nickname(s): The Premier Gateway to the Philippines, The Travel City, The Travel Capital of The Philippines
Motto: Aim High Pasay!
Map of Metro Manila highlighting Pasay City
Map of Metro Manila highlighting Pasay City
Pasay City is located in Philippines
Pasay City
Pasay City
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 14°33′N 121°00′E / 14.550°N 121.000°E / 14.550; 121.000Coordinates: 14°33′N 121°00′E / 14.550°N 121.000°E / 14.550; 121.000
Country  Philippines
Region National Capital Region
Districts Lone District of Pasay City
Incorporated December 2, 1863 (town)
Incorporated June 21, 1947 (city)
Barangays 201
Government[1]
 • Mayor Antonino G. Calixto (Liberal)
 • Vice Mayor Marlon A. Pesebre (United Nationalist Alliance)
 • Sangguniang Panlungsod
Area[2]
 • Total 18.50 km2 (7.14 sq mi)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 392,869
 • Density 21,000/km2 (55,000/sq mi)
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
ZIP code 1300–1309
Area code 2
Website www.pasay.gov.ph

Pasay City (Filipino: Lungsód ng Pasay) is one of the cities and municipalities that make up Metro Manila in the Philippines. It is bordered on the north by the country's capital, the City of Manila, to the northeast by Makati City, to the east by Taguig City, and Parañaque City to the south.

Pasay City was one of the original four cities of Metro Manila. Due to its proximity to Manila, it quickly became an urban town during the American Occupation.

Etymology[edit]

The name "Pasay" is of uncertain origin, although there are several theories:

  • Paz may have been the name of a hacienda owner's daughter, who was bewailed by her brokenhearted lover at her death as "Paz-ay!". This became the name of the hacienda and in turn came to be known simply as Pasay.[4]
  • The city's name may also come from pasaw, a plant with an exotic aroma, that used grow abundantly there. Spanish botanist, Antonio Pineda, visited a place called Basal to collect pasaw.[4]
  • The most credible explanation is that Pasay was named after Princess Dayang-dayang Pasay of the Namayan Kingdom, who inherited lands now comprising modern-day Makati, Pasay and Baclaran.[4]

Pasay's name may also have originated from the Spanish Paso hay meaning "there is a pass". This referred to the paths cleared among the grass leading to the southern portions from Manila.[citation needed]

History[edit]

In 1727, the ancient pre colonial name of the Pasay settlement was changed to Pineda in honor of Don Cornelio Pineda, a Spanish horticulturist who requested for guardias civiles for protection from indigenous rebellion. The name Pineda, along with Pasay, was used as the name of the place until the early 20th century.[citation needed]

On May 21, 2006, SM Mall of Asia was opened in Bay City as then the 2nd largest mall in the Philippines.

Geography[edit]

Pasay City zones and barangays

Pasay City covers a total land area of 18.50 square kilometres (7.14 sq mi), making it the third smallest political subdivision in the National Capital Region. It borders City of Manila to the north, Parañaque to the south, Makati and Taguig to the northeast, and Manila Bay to the west.

The city can be divided in 3 distinct areas: the city's urban area with an area of 5.505 square kilometres (2.125 sq mi); the Civil Aeronautics Administration (CAA) complex, which include the Ninoy Aquino International Airport (NAIA) and the Villamor Airbase, with an area of 9.5 square kilometres (3.7 sq mi); and the reclaimed land from Manila Bay with an area of 4.00 square kilometres (1.54 sq mi).[2]

Pasay is composed of seven (7) districts, subdivided into twenty (20) zones, with a total of 201 barangays. The barangays don't have names but are only designated with sequential numbers. The largest zone with an area of 5.10 square kilometres (1.97 sq mi) is Zone 19, which covers barangays 178 and 191. The smallest zone with an area of 10 hectares (25 acres) is Zone 1, covering Barangays 1 to 3 and 14 to 17.[2]

Demographics[edit]

Population census of Pasay
Year Pop.   ±% p.a.  
1990 368,366 —    
1995 408,610 +2.10%
2000 354,908 −2.78%
2007 403,064 +1.83%
2010 392,869 −0.85%
Source: National Statistics Office[3]

Local government[edit]

Elected officials (2013–2016):

  • Mayor: Antonino Calixto
  • Vice Mayor: Marlon Pesebre
  • Congresswoman: Imelda Calixto-Rubiano
  • Councilors 1st District:
    • Grace Santos
    • Jenny Roxas
    • Richard Advincula
    • Abet Alvina
    • Eduardo Advincula
    • Lex Ibay
  • Councilors 2nd District:
    • Allan Panaligan
    • Aileen Padua
    • Ian Vendivel
    • Arnel Regino Arceo
    • Reynaldo Padua
    • Arvin Tolentino

Economy[edit]

Headquarters of Philippine Airlines

Philippine Airlines is headquartered in the Philippine National Bank Financial Center beside the World Trade Center Manila in Pasay City.[5] Spirit of Manila Airlines has its headquarters in Roxas Sea Front Garden in Pasay City.[6] Cebu Pacific and Interisland Airlines have their headquarters on the grounds of Ninoy Aquino International Airport and in Pasay City.[7][8] Oishi (Liwayway), a snack company, also has its headquarters in Pasay.[9]

National government offices found in Pasay include: Department of Foreign Affairs (DFA), Senate of the Philippines, the Philippine Department of Trade and Industry's export promotions agency – the Center for International Trade Expositions and Missions (CITEM) – located in the International Trade Complex's Golden Shell Pavilion, and the Overseas Workers Welfare Administration (OWWA). The main office of the Philippine National Bank is located in the City.

LBC Express headquarters located at the Star Cruises Centre in Newport Cybertourism Zone of Pasay City.

Attractions and landmarks[edit]

The City is known for its entertainment – business-restaurants, coffee shops, and clubs, particularly those located along Roxas Boulevard, facing Manila Bay. A large part of Metro Manila's "tourist belt" is located in the City.

Most of the attractions in the city are on the grounds of the CCP (Cultural Center of the Philippines) Complex, including Philippine International Convention Center (PICC), Tanghalang Francisco Balagtas (formerly Folk Arts Theater), Manila Film Center, Coconut Palace, Product Development and Design Center of the Philippines (PDDCP), Philippine Trade Training Center (PTTC), World Trade Center Metro Manila (WTCMM), Cuneta Astrodome, Aliw Theater, and theme parks Star City, Nayong Pilipino, and Boom na Boom.

Other landmarks include:

SM Mall of Asia[edit]

Pasay City is home to the headquarters of the SM Group of Companies and the SM Mall of Asia, touted as the second biggest mall in the Philippines which opened on May 21, 2006, It Also Used In SM Bay City Complex Developed By SMDC Which There Are SM Corporate Offices Includes As One & Two E Com Center, A Place Center, &, Fly Ace Corporate Center To Its Condominiums As Sea Residences, Shell Residences, and Mall of Asia Arena will be opened in 2012 which will be the biggest sports arena in the Philippines with the seat capacity of 20,000 and the new home of University Athletic Association of the Philippines and the National Collegiate Athletic Association. Also interesting is a budding strip of restaurants at the corner of EDSA Extension and Pres. Diosdado Macapagal Ave. It will also be the house of booming call center business industry in the Philippines due to vast land space available located in the reclamation area.

Panoramic view of the SM Mall of Asia, one of the largest shopping malls in the world.

Transportation[edit]

Ninoy Aquino International airport, the main gateway to the Philippines.

Airport[edit]

The city shares the location of the Ninoy Aquino International Airport with Parañaque City. Terminal 2 and Terminal 3, as well as the terminal of Manila Domestic Airport are located in Pasay City. Villamor Airbase of the Philippine Air Force is also located there. Access roads to the terminals are:

  • Terminal 2 (Centennial) – NAIA Road
  • Terminal 3 (New) – Andrews Avenue (adjacent to Villamor Air Base)
  • Domestic Terminal – Domestic Road

Rail[edit]

This city has 2 railways. The following railways are: LRT Yellow Line and MRT Blue Line. The depot of LRT 1 is located along Airport Road near Ninoy Aquino International Airport.

This city has 5 Railway Stations. The following are:

MRT 3: (with 1 Station)

LRT 1: (with 4 Stations)

Road network[edit]

Pasay City from the Libertad overpass
Pasay Rotonda(EDSA - Taft Ave.)

Pasay City is accessible through these following major roads:

Expressways:

Unity Run[edit]

On the List of largest running events in the world is based on the number of participants a record of 209,000 registered running enthusiasts participated Sunday’s 2012 Kahit Isang Araw Lang : Unity Run which started and ended at the SM Mall of Asia grounds in Pasay City.

The second edition of the race surpassed the Guinness World record of 116,086 participants posted in the Run for Pasig River on Oct 10, 2010.[10]

Festivals[edit]

Aliwan Festival - every month of December and April. Aliwan Fiesta harnesses the power of Philippine festivals to showcase how religion, culture, and tradition are woven into the fiber of our existence. Traditional fiestas, which are held annually to commemorate the foundation of a town or province, or honoring its patron saint, are brought together en masse to highlight the Pinoy’s indomitable and ebullient spirit, together with his mien for creativity and innovation. With most major fiestas rooted in the pre-colonial period, there is understandably a festival sector that celebrates Nature’s bounty. Our Filipino forebears worshipped pagan gods who, to them, were responsible for bountiful harvests on land and sea.

Sister cities[edit]

Notable People[edit]

  • Nina Girado - a Filipino pop/R&B singer, occasional songwriter, record producer, TV and radio personality at ABS-CBN.
  • Pablo Cuneta - Former Pasay City Mayor and Rizal Governor. Father of Sharon Cuneta.
  • Sharon Cuneta - a multi-awarded Filipino singer, actress and TV host dubbed The Megastar of Philippine Entertainment.
  • Anita Linda - is a two-time FAMAS award-winning and Gawad Urian award-winning Filipino film actress. A romantic lead in her youth, she later gained critical acclaim for her portrayals in maternal or elderly roles.
  • Maricel Laxa - is a Filipino comedian and actress. She performed in the 1992 movie "Iisa Pa Lamang" for which she won Best Supporting Actress awards in both the 1992 FAMAS Awards and 1992 Star Awards.
  • Fernando Lopez - Former 2-term Vice President of the Philippines.
  • Jeff Nice - a Filipino manga-artist most notable for his web manga, 300 Perfect Game and Psicom Publishing's Gold Manga anthology
  • Carl Guevarra - is a Filipino actor and model. He is the winner of the Be Bench / The Model Search.

Hymn of Pasay[edit]

Hymn of Pasay

Pasay Mabuhay Ka!

Composed by: Ofelia San Juan/ Raymond San Juan

Lyrics by: Ivan Grulla


Mabuhay! Lungsod ng Pasay

Perlas ng Kamaynilaan

Hangad ay Kaunlaran

Sa Lahat ng Larangan


Mabuhay! Lungsod ng Pasay

Dungawan ng Sandaigdigan

Ugaling Mapagtanggap

Ng Tunay na Mamamayan


Pasay! Mahal Kong Bayan

Sa Puso'y Nag-iisa

Pasay, Dakilang Bayan

Pasay, Mabuhay Ka!


Ang Lahat ay Makadiyos,

Makabansa, Makatao,

Masipag, at Mapagmahal

Ang Tunay na Pasayeño


Pasay! Mahal Kong Bayan

Sa Puso'y Nag-iisa

Pasay, Dakilang Bayan

Pasay, Mabuhay Ka!


Pasay! Mahal Kong Bayan

Sa Puso'y Nag-iisa

Pasay, Dakilang Bayan

Pasay, Mabuhay Ka!


Pasay...Mabuhay...Ka!

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Cities". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 30 November 2012. 
  2. ^ a b c "City Profile". asay City Government. Retrieved 5 December 2012. 
  3. ^ a b "Population and Annual Growth Rates for The Philippines and Its Regions, Provinces, and Highly Urbanized Cities". 2010 Census and Housing Population. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 2012-12-05. 
  4. ^ a b c "Kingdom of Namayan". About Pasay. Pasay City Government. Retrieved 5 December 2012. 
  5. ^ "About PAL." Philippine Airlines. Retrieved May 19, 2009.
  6. ^ "Contact Us." Spirit of Manila Airlines. Retrieved September 13, 2010.
  7. ^ "Call Center / Guest Services / Product Ideas." Cebu Pacific. Retrieved March 31, 2010.
  8. ^ "Contact Information." Interisland Airlines. Retrieved August 11, 2010.
  9. ^ "Privacy Policy." Oishi. Retrieved on April 5, 2014. "Liwayway Marketing Corporation 2225 Tolentino St. Brgy. 129, Pasay City"
  10. ^ Calapre, Frank (23 January 2012). "Unity Run sets record participants". Manila Times. Retrieved 6 June 2012. 

External links[edit]