Fishkill, New York
|Fishkill, New York|
Village entrance on Main Street,
with the First Reformed Church to the right.
|• Total||0.9 sq mi (2.3 km2)|
|• Land||0.9 sq mi (2.3 km2)|
|• Water||0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)|
|Elevation||220 ft (67 m)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||0977519|
Fishkill is a village within the Town of Fishkill in Dutchess County, New York, USA. The village population was 2,171 at the 2010 census. It is part of the Poughkeepsie–Newburgh–Middletown, NY Metropolitan Statistical Area as well as the larger New York–Newark–Bridgeport, NY-NJ-CT-PA Combined Statistical Area.
The Village of Fishkill was located in the territory of the Wappinger Indians. It was part of the Rombout Patent granted to Francis Rombout, Gulian VerPlanck, and Stephanus van Cortlandt of New Amsterdam in 1685. The name Fishkill evolved from two Dutch words, “vis” (fish) and “kil” (stream or creek). In 1714, Dutch immigrants settled in the area. The Village of Fishkill was a significant crossroads in the overland transportation network in the 18th and 19th centuries. The Kings Highway, connecting Albany to New York City, intersected with a major overland route from New England to the Hudson River. Among the first to occupy the land now comprised within the village limits were Johannes Ter Boss and Henry Rosecrance.
By 1716 the settlers wanted their own Dutch Reformed church so they would not have to cross the river to Kingston or New Paltz to worship. A congregation was established and the church building was finished in 1731. The first Dominie (minister) who arrived from the Netherlands in 1731 served churches in Poughkeepsie and Fishkill. The church was used as a military prison during the American Revolution. The 4th New York Provincial Congress met in the church in 1776, making Fishkill the state capital, until the Congress moved to Kingston in 1777. 
The Village of Fishkill became part of one of the largest Colonial military encampments during the Revolutionary War. General Washington’s aide-de-camp Alexander Hamilton took residence here. The Trinity Church, on Hopewell Avenue in the Village, was organized in 1756 and the structure built in 1760. It was used as a hospital during the Revolutionary War.
In 1871, construction began for a schoolhouse on Church Street. The site used for the schoolhouse belonged to the Fishkill Reformed Church and was formerly used as pasture land for the pastor’s cow.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 0.9 square miles (2.3 km²), all of it land.
As of the census of 2000, there were 1,735 people, 965 households, and 400 families residing in the village. The population density was 1,978.8 people per square mile (761.2/km²). There were 1,011 housing units at an average density of 443.6 /km² (1,153.0 /sq mi). The racial makeup of the village was 93.72% White, 2.77% African American, 0.17% Native American, 1.15% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 1.27% from other races, and 0.86% from two or more races. 6.05% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 22.9% were of Italian, 20.2% Irish, 11.2% German, 7.3% American and 5.4% English ancestry according to Census 2000.
There were 965 households out of which 14.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 32.2% were married couples living together, 6.9% have a woman whose husband does not live with her, and 58.5% were non-families. 53.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 32.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 1.80 and the average family size was 2.74.
In the village the population was spread out with 14.1% under the age of 18, 4.9% from 18 to 24, 26.9% from 25 to 44, 23.5% from 45 to 64, and 30.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 48 years. For every 100 females there were 74.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 71.3 males.
The median income for a household in the village was $36,344, and the median income for a family was $59,737. Males had a median income of $48,750 versus $31,898 for females. The per capita income for the village was $26,504. 8.4% of the population and 4.5% of families were below the poverty line. Out of the total people living in poverty, 8.8% are under the age of 18 and 8.9% are 65 or older.
- Fishkill is the site of Camp Mariah, a camp that enables inner-city youth to embrace the arts, and introduces them to career opportunities. The camp is named after co-founder musician Mariah Carey.
- According to the limited yet official sources given by Disney in their merchandising, Fishkill also happens to be the birthplace of Milo Thatch, from Atlantis: The Lost Empire.
- In 1996, the animal rights group PETA suggested the town (and, presumably, the village as well) change its name to something less suggestive of violence toward fish. The town declined this change because the name is not meant to suggest violence but instead comes from the Dutch who originally settled the land in which "kill" means "creek." Various other communities also contain the word "Kill" with various prefixes, and a creek in the Catskills called Beaver Kill is a tributary of the Delaware River. Both "Catskill" and "Beaver Kill" could be considered to promote animal violence when their names are improperly understood. This led then-mayor George Carter to joke that if Fishkill is renamed, the Catskills should also be renamed, presumably to the Catsave Mountains.
- Hooper Shelton. "Fisher County". Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved 2012-05-24.
- Village of Fishkill, A Brief History
- WPA, Dutchess County, American Guide Series, William Penn Association of Philadelphia, 1937
- Fishkill Reformed Church, Our History
- Fishkill Elementary School
- "A fishy name will stay the same". CNN. 1996-09-06. Retrieved 2011-07-07.
- Village of Fishkill
- Blodgett Memorial Library (Fishkill)
- Fishkill Creek Watershed Committee
- Fishkill Fire Department
- Fishkill Baptist Church
- Trinity Fishkill
- First Reformed Church
- Friends of Jackson House