Flag of Nigeria

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Flag of Nigeria.svg
Use National flag
Proportion 1:2
Adopted October 1, 1960
Design green,white,green
Designed by Michael Taiwo Akinkunmi
Civil Ensign of Nigeria.svg
Variant flag of Nigeria
Use Civil ensign
Proportion 1:2
Design A red field with the national flag, in the canton
Government Ensign of Nigeria.svg
Variant flag of Nigeria
Use State ensign
Proportion 1:2
Design A blue field with the national flag, in the canton
Naval Ensign of Nigeria.svg
Variant flag of Nigeria
Use Naval ensign
Proportion 1:2
Design white ensign with the national flag in canton, upper with Naval seal in the fly..

The Flag of Nigeria was designed in 1959 and first officially hoisted on October 1, 1960. The two unique sea-green bands represent the forests and abundant natural wealth of Nigeria while the white band represents peace.


The national flag is an adaptation of the winning entry from Taiwo Akinkunmi in a competition held in 1959. The original had a red sun with streaming rays placed at the top of the white stripe. This was removed by the judges and the flag has not been altered since. Like other countries, Nigeria has special ensigns for civil and naval vessels. Some of its states also have flags.[1] The designer of the national flag was Michael Taiwo Akinkunmi, a twenty three-year-old student. He was studying at Norwich Technical College in England when he saw an advertisement in a newspaper that entries were being accepted for the design of a new National flag. In 1959 Akinkunmi's design was chosen as the winner and was first officially used on October 1, 1960, Nigeria's Independence day.[2]

Presidential Standard of Nigeria (Armed Forces).svg Nigerian Defence Forces Flag.svg Naval Ensign of Nigeria 1960.svg Flag of Nigeria (original proposal).svg
Flag of the President of Nigeria (as Commander-in-chief of the Armed Forces) Flag of the Nigerian Defence Forces Naval ensign of Nigeria (1960-1998) Akinkunmi's original proposal

Historical flags[edit]

See also[edit]