Flip Wilson

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Flip Wilson
Bob Hope Flip Wilson 1969.JPG
(1969)
Birth name Clerow Wilson, Jr.
Born (1933-12-08)December 8, 1933
Jersey City, New Jersey, U.S.
Died November 25, 1998(1998-11-25) (aged 64)
Malibu, California, U.S.
Medium Stand-up, television, film
Nationality American
Years active 1966–1997
Influenced Arsenio Hall, Chris Rock, Paul Mooney
Spouse

Lovenia Patricia Wilson (m. 1957; div. 1967)

Tuanchai MacKenzie (m. 1979; div. 1984)
Emmy Awards
Outstanding Writing Achievement in Variety or Music
1971 The Flip Wilson Show
Outstanding Variety Series - Musical
1971 The Flip Wilson Show
Golden Globe Awards
Best TV Actor - Musical/Comedy
1971 The Flip Wilson Show
Grammy Awards
Best Comedy Album
1970 The Devil Made Me Buy This Dress

Flip Wilson (December 8, 1933 – November 25, 1998) was an American comedian and actor. In the early 1970s, Wilson hosted his own weekly variety series, The Flip Wilson Show. The series earned Wilson a Golden Globe and two Emmy Awards.[1]

In January 1972, Time magazine featured Wilson's image on their cover and named him "TV's first black superstar".[2]

Early life[edit]

Born Clerow Wilson, Jr. in Jersey City, New Jersey, he was one of ten children born to Cornelia Bullock and Clerow Wilson, Sr.[3][4] The latter worked as a handyman and, because of the Great Depression, was often out of work. When Wilson was seven years old, his mother abandoned the family. His father was unable to care for the children alone and he placed many of them in foster homes.[3] After bouncing from foster homes to reform school, 16-year-old Wilson lied about his age and joined the United States Air Force. His outgoing personality and funny stories made him popular; he was even asked to tour military bases to cheer up other servicemen. Claiming that he was always "flipped out", Wilson's barracks mates gave him the nickname "Flip" which he used as his stage name. Discharged from the Air Force in 1954, Wilson started working as a bellhop in San Francisco's Manor Plaza Hotel.

At the Plaza's nightclub, Wilson found extra work playing a drunken patron in between regularly scheduled acts. His inebriated character proved popular and Wilson began performing it in clubs throughout California. At first Wilson would simply ad-lib onstage, but eventually he added written material and his act became more sophisticated.

Career[edit]

During the 1960s, Wilson became a regular at the Apollo Theater in Harlem and was a favorite guest on The Tonight Show, Laugh-In, and The Ed Sullivan Show. In 1970, Wilson won a Grammy Award for his comedy album The Devil Made Me Buy This Dress.

The Flip Wilson Show[edit]

Wilson in a 1970 publicity shot

A routine titled "Columbus," from the album Cowboys and Colored People, brought Wilson to Hollywood industry attention and led to the development of his own television show. In this bit, Wilson retells the story of Christopher Columbus from an anachronistic urbanized viewpoint, in which Columbus convinces the Spanish monarchs to fund his voyage by noting that discovering America means that he can also discover Ray Charles. Hearing this, Queen "Isabel Johnson", whose voice is an early version of Wilson's eventual "Geraldine" character, says that "Chris" can have "all the money you want, honey — You go find Ray Charles!" When Columbus departs from the dock, an inebriated Isabella is there, testifying to one and all that "Chris gonna find Ray Charles!"

In 1970 Wilson's variety series, The Flip Wilson Show, debuted on NBC. He played host to many African-American entertainers, including The Jackson Five, and The Temptations and performed in comedy sketches. He greeted all his guests with the "Flip Wilson Handshake,": four hand slaps, two elbow bumps finishing with two hip-bumps. George Carlin was one of the show's writers, and Carlin also made frequent appearances on the show, as the two would expand Carlin's news-weather-sports satire. Wilson's characters included Reverend Leroy, materialistic pastor of the "Church of What’s Happening Now", and his most popular character, Geraldine Jones, who always referred to her boyfriend, "Killer", and whose line "The devil made me do it" became a national catchphrase.

The Flip Wilson Show aired through 1974, generating high ratings and popularity among viewers and winning strong critical acclaim, with an unprecedented eleven Emmy Award nominations during its run, winning two. Wilson also won a Golden Globe award for Best Actor in a Television Series.

Wilson as the Fox with Sandy Duncan as Pinocchio and Liz Torres as the Cat in Pinocchio

Later years[edit]

After The Flip Wilson Show ended its run, Wilson made guest appearances on numerous TV comedies and variety shows, such as Here's Lucy starring Lucille Ball and The Dean Martin Show among others. Ed Sullivan invited Wilson to perform several times on his popular Sunday night show, and Wilson later singled out Sullivan as providing his biggest career boost. Wilson acted in TV and theatrical movies including Uptown Saturday Night and The Fish that Saved Pittsburgh. In 1976, he appeared as the Fox in a television musical adaptation of Pinocchio, starring Sandy Duncan in the title role and Danny Kaye as Mister Geppetto, with songs by Laugh-In composer Billy Barnes.

In 1984, Wilson hosted the remake of People Are Funny. From 1985 to 1986, Wilson played the lead role in the CBS sitcom Charlie & Co. Wilson's last role was a cameo appearance in the sitcom Living Single in November 1993.

Personal life and death[edit]

Wilson was married twice; he married his first wife, Lovenia Wilson, in 1957; they divorced in 1967. In 1979, he married Tuanchai MacKenzie; they divorced in 1984. After winning custody of his children in 1979, Wilson performed less in order to spend more time with his family. Before becoming ill, he was an active lighter-than-air pilot.

On November 25, 1998, Wilson died of liver cancer in Malibu, California, aged 64.[1]

Discography[edit]

  • Flip Wilson's Pot Luck (Scepter 520, reissued as Funny and Live at the Village Gate, Springboard SP 4004)
  • Flippin' (Minit 24012)
  • Cowboys and Colored People (Atlantic ATS 8149)
  • You Devil You (Atlantic SC 8179)
  • The Devil Made Me Buy This Dress (Little David LD 1000)
  • The Flip Wilson Show (Little David LD 2000)
  • Geraldine (Little David LD 1001)
  • Flipped Out (Sunset Records SUS-5297)

In popular culture[edit]

The phrase "What you see is what you get" was often used by Wilson's Geraldine character and inspired researchers at PARC and elsewhere to create the acronym WYSIWYG.[5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes

  1. ^ a b Watkins, Mel (1998-11-27). "Flip Wilson, Outrageous Comic and TV Host, Dies at 64". The New York Times. Retrieved 10 June 2010. 
  2. ^ "Flip Wilson (January 31, 1972)". time.com. Retrieved 10 June 2010. 
  3. ^ a b Tafoya, Eddie M. (2011). Icons of African American Comedy. ABC-CLIO. p. 89. ISBN 0-313-38085-6. 
  4. ^ Pierce, Ponchitta (April 1968). "All Flip Over Flip". Ebony (Johnson Publishing Company) 23 (6): 65. ISSN 0012-9011. 
  5. ^ Lohr, Steve (2001). Go To. Basic Books. p. 128. ISBN 0-465-04226-0. 

Bibliography

  • Encyclopædia Britannica (1998)
  • Miles, J. H., Davis, J. J., Ferguson-Roberts, S. E., and Giles, R. G. (2001). Almanac of African American Heritage. Paramus, NJ: Prentice Hall Press.
  • Potter, J. (2002). African American Firsts. New York, NY: Kensington Publishing Corp.

External links[edit]