Flying Dutchman (dinghy)

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International Flying Dutchman
Flying Dutchman (dinghy).svg
Flying Dutchman insigna.png
Class Symbol
Current Specifications
Crew 2
Type Monohull
Design One-Design
Construction GRP
Cold moulded plywood
Composite (Wood/GRP)
Rig Bermuda rig
Keel Centerboard
Trapeze Single trapeze
LOA 6.06 m (19.9 ft)
LWL 5.5 m (18 ft)
Beam 1.78 m (5 ft 10 in)
Draft 0.15 m (5.9 in)
1.07 m (3 ft 6 in)
Hull weight 130 kg (290 lb)
Main & Jib area 18.6 m2 (200 sq ft)
Mainsail area 10.2 m2 (110 sq ft)
Jib / Genoa area 8.4 m2 (90 sq ft)
Spinnaker area 21 m2 (230 sq ft)
D-PN 80.1[1]
RYA PN 879[2]
PHRF 150.6
Development
Year 1951
Designer Uus Van Essen
Conrad Gulcher
Location Netherlands
Role International class
Infobox last updated: 10-AUG-2011
Vintage Yachting Class
Composite Flying Dutchman - 2011
Fred Imhoff (Helm) and Simon Korver - 1967
Flying Dutchman with Spinnaker chute
Paul Henderson in FD KC 41 - 1962

The Flying Dutchman (FD) is a 20-foot one-design high-performance two-person monohull racing dinghy. Developed in the early 1950s, its large sail area per unit weight allow it to plane easily when sailing upwind. The boat utilizes a trapeze harness for the crew and hiking straps for the skipper to counterbalance the wind force on its sails. It made its Olympic debut at the 1960 Olympics Games.

The FD is still one of the fastest racing dinghies in the world.[3] She carries a mainsail, a very large foresail genoa, and a large spinnaker for running and reaching. The FD has been the basis for many important innovations in sailing over the past half century:

These innovations were possible because the FD was left as an "open" one-design class, where innovation and development in the boat is allowed and encouraged. Parameters that influence the speed of the boat directly, including hull shape, weight, and sail area are strictly controlled, but other areas can be adapted to suit.

The FD was sailed in Olympic competitions from 1960 Olympic Games through the 1992 Olympic Games. Since 2008 the FD is one of the Vintage Yachting Classes at the Vintage Yachting Games.

History[edit]

It was in the late 1940s that the IYRU instigated a new modern 2-man international dinghy, the Tornado. She was not a success, as there was no leap forward compared to the existing pre-war classes. The Royal Loosdrecht Yacht Club of Conrad Gulcher obtained half a dozen Tornados and found them very uninspiring. Conrad imagined that with modern construction methods and the use of moulded ply, a better dinghy could be constructed. Conrad with the help of Uus Van Essen, a naval architect and measurer for the Dutch Yachting Federation made a preliminary design early in September 1951. The design was sent to 30 top class helmsmen in Europe, including Bossom (SUI), John Cahmier (GBR), Charles Curry (GBR), Manfred Curry (GER), Ferry Laagwater (NED), Stewart Morris (GBR), Morits Skaugen (NOR) and Shorty Trimingham (BER), with the request to comment within two weeks. By the end of September 23 responses had been returned with suggestions for modifications to the design of the boat.

Mr. Loeff, chairman of the Dutch Yachting Federation, agreed to discuss the boat at the November meeting of the IYRU, but required he see her sail first. As no prototype yet existed, this was hardly feasible to accomplish, but Conrad had the mould and hull built in one week, and the mast cut, stepped and the boat rigged in another. The boat was designed to be very simple, and consequently inexpensive to produce. The easily repeatable measurement system defined by Uss van Essen aided to that end. It took to the water against the 12m2 Sharpie and the Tornado dinghy at Loosdrecht one week before the IYRU meetings. Mr. Loeff was impressed, and took the plans to the IYRU for discussion. It was decided to hold trials for the new boat class in the summer of 1952 in the Netherlands, and the name of the design, Flying Dutchman, was born. The trials were held on the Loosdrecht lakes and on the open water of the IJsselmeer at Muiden. Seventeen boats participated, some one-designs like the Osprey and Typhoon, and others were from existing classes, including Hornet, Thistle, Sharpie, and Rennjolle. The results clearly showed the new boat to be a success, and the FD was adopted. However the boat was initially set with the limitation "for continental lakes only".

Another set of trials were set up for 1953 at La Baule on the open sea. Meanwhile, the small jib in the initial design was replaced with the Genoa, and a trapeze was added. At La Baule there were again one-designs such as the Coronet, a smaller version of which later became the 505. Off the wind the Coronet with her bigger spinnaker and mainsail was faster, but upwind the FD won. Afterwards it was clear that the FD did very well on the open sea, and the "lakes" limitation was lifted. The Class started to blossom, thanks largely to the promotional activities of Conrad and a well structured Class Organisation.

In 1957 the FD was selected to replace the Sharpie at the 1960 Olympic Games in Naples. By the 1960s there were "FD" fleets throughout the world, including Lebanon, Morocco, Portuguese East Africa, Argentina, Venezuela, Thailand, along with fleets forming in Europe, the USA, Canada, South Africa, Australia and New Zealand.

Many well known yachtsmen have spent time competing in the FD, including Paul Elvstrom, Hans Fogh, Ben Lexcen, Peder Lunde, Stewart Morris, Keith Musto, André Nelis, Yves and Marc Pajot, Rodney Pattisson, Ted Turner, Jon Turner, David Wilkins, the deKleer brothers, and Buddy Melges.

Wall of Fame[edit]

Olympic Games[4][edit]

 Rank  Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  Great Britain (GBR) 2 2 1 5
2  Spain (ESP) 2 0 0 2
3  Germany (GER) 1 1 2 4
4  Denmark (DEN) 1 1 1 3
 United States (USA) 1 1 1 3
6  Norway (NOR) 1 1 0 2
7  New Zealand (NZL) 1 0 0 1
8  Canada (CAN) 0 1 1 2
9  France (FRA) 0 1 0 1
 Ireland (IRL) 0 1 0 1
11  Brazil (BRA) 0 0 2 2
12  Hungary (HUN) 0 0 1 1
9 9 9 27
Event Gold Silver Bronze
1960:
Italy

details

 Norway (NOR)
Peder Lunde, Jr.
Bjørn Bergvall

 Denmark (DEN)
Hans Fogh
Ole Erik Petersen

 Germany (EUA)
Rolf Mulka
Ingo Von Bredow

1964:
Japan

details

 New Zealand (NZL)
Helmer Pedersen
Earle Wells

 Great Britain (GBR)
Keith Musto
Tony Morgan

 United States (USA)
Harry Melges
William Bentsen

1968:
Mexico

details

 Great Britain (GBR)
Rodney Pattisson
Iain MacDonald-Smith

 West Germany (FRG)
Ulli Libor
Peter Naumann

 Brazil (BRA)
Reinaldo Conrad
Burkhard Cordes

1972:
West Germany

details

 Great Britain (GBR)
Rodney Pattisson
Christopher Davies

 France (FRA)
Yves Pajot
Marc Pajot

 West Germany (FRG)
Ulli Libor
Peter Naumann

1976:
Canada

details

 West Germany (FRG)
Jörg Diesch
Eckart Diesch

 Great Britain (GBR)
Rodney Pattisson
Julian Brooke-Houghton

 Brazil (BRA)
Reinaldo Conrad
Peter Ficker

1980:
Soviet Union

details

 Spain (ESP)
Alejandro Abascal
Miguel Noguer

 Ireland (IRL)
David Wilkins
James Wilkinson

 Hungary (HUN)
Szabolcs Detre
Zsolt Detre

1984:
United States

details

 United States (USA)
Jonathan McKee
William Carl Buchan

 Canada (CAN)
Terry McLaughlin
Evert Bastet

 Great Britain (GBR)
Jonathan Richards
Peter Allam

1988:
South Korea

details

 Denmark (DEN)
Jørgen Bojsen-Møller
Christian Grønborg

 Norway (NOR)
Ole Pollen
Erik Björkum

 Canada (CAN)
Frank McLaughlin
John Millen

1992:
Spain

details

 Spain (ESP)
Luis Doreste
Domingo Manrique

 United States (USA)
Paul Foerster
Stephen Bourdow

 Denmark (DEN)
Jørgen Bojsen-Møller
Jens Bojsen-Møller

Vintage Yachting Games[5][edit]

 Rank  Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  Austria 1 1 0 2
2  Hungary 1 0 0 1
3  Germany 0 1 1 2
4  Spain 0 0 1 1
Event Gold Silver Bronze
2008
Netherlands
Medemblik
 Hungary (HUN)
Szabolcs Majthenyi
Andras Domokos
 Germany (GER)
Kilian Koenig
Johannes Brack
 Germany (GER)
Kai Schäfers
Markus Landgrebe
2012
Italy
Lake Como
 Austria (AUT)
Christoph Aichholzer
Philipp Zingerle
 Austria (AUT)
Silvia Aichholzer
Christoph Zingerle
 Spain (ESP)
Ginés Romero Bernabeu
Alvaro Moreno Egea
2016
United Kingdom
Weymouth Bay
Dates to be decided

Asian Games[6][edit]

 Rank  Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  Japan 1 0 0 1
2  Thailand 0 1 0 1
3  Indonesia 0 0 1 1
1 1 1 3
Event Gold Silver Bronze
1970
Flag of Thailand.svg
Bangkok
 Japan (JPN)
Akira Yamamura
Takashi Yamamura
 Thailand (THA)
Dawee Chullasapya
Suthep Indrakosoom
 India (INA)
John Gunawan
David Udjulawa

Pan American Games[7][edit]

 Rank  Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  United States 2 2 0 4
2  Brazil 2 1 0 3
3  Canada 0 1 3 4
4 4 3 10
Event Gold Silver Bronze
1959
Flag of the United States.svg
Chicago
 United States (US)  Canada (KC)
1963
Flag of Brazil.svg
São Paulo
 Brazil (BL)  United States (US)  Canada (KC)
1967
Flag of Canada.svg
Winnipeg
 United States (US)  Brazil (BL)  Canada (KC)
1971
Flag of Mexico.svg
Mexico City
 Brazil (BL)  United States (US)  Canada (KC)

World Championship[8][edit]

European Championship[9][edit]

 Rank  Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  United Kingdom 10 2 2 14
2  Denmark 5 3 1 9
3  Hungary 4 1 1 6
4  West Germany 2 3 5 10
5  France 2 1 3 6
6   Switzerland 2 1 1 4
7  Italy 2 0 1 3
8  East Germany 1 4 1 6
9  Spain 1 3 1 5
10  Canada 1 1 1 3
11  Soviet Union 1 0 0 1
12  Germany 0 4 2 6
13  Norway 0 2 0 2
14  Austria 0 1 2 3
15  Netherlands 0 0 3 3
16  Australia 0 0 1 1
 Japan 0 0 1 1
31 26 26 83
Event Gold Silver Bronze
1955  Denmark (D)
Poul Elvstrøm
Aage Birch
1956  Italy (I)
Vittorio Porta
Beppe Barnao
1957   Switzerland (Z)
Pierre Siegenthaler
Michel Buzzi
1959
Flag of Denmark.svg
Juelsminde
 West Germany (G)
Detlev Kreidel
Joachim Möller
 Austria (OE)
Fereberger
 United Kingdom K)
Adrian Jardine
Angus Fryer
1960
Flag of Sweden.svg
Sandhamn
 Denmark (DEN)
Hans Fogh
Ole Gunnar Petersen
  Switzerland (Z)
Pierre Siegenthaler
Michel Buzzi
 United Kingdom K)
Dawes
1961
Flag of Austria.svg
Attersee
  Switzerland (Z)
Pierre Siegenthaler
Michel Buzzi
 West Germany (G)
Kadelbach
 Netherlands (H)
Ben Verhagen
1962
Flag of the Netherlands.svg
Muiden
 United Kingdom K)
N. Wooderson Johnson
Christopher Davies
 Norway (N)
Peder Lunde, Jr.
Bjørn Bergvall
 France (F)
Auclair
1964
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg
Whitstable
 United Kingdom K)
Keith Musto
Tony Morgan
 Denmark (D)
Hans Fogh
Ole Gunnar Petersen
 Austria (OE)
Geiger
Fisher
1966
Flag of Norway.svg
Horten
 United Kingdom K)
John Oakeley
David Hunt
 United Kingdom K)
Keith Musto
Tony Morgan
 France (F)
Draeger
Gavier
1967
Flag of France.svg
Bandol
 United Kingdom K)
John Oakeley
David Hunt
 United Kingdom K)
Rodney Pattison
Iain MacDonald-Smith
 Austria (OE)
Geiger
Fischer
1968
Flag of Hungary.svg
Balatonfüred
 United Kingdom K)
Rodney Pattison
Iain MacDonald-Smith
 France (F)
Bertrand Cheret
Bernard Trouble
 Netherlands (H)
Ben Verhagen
Nick de Jong
1969  United Kingdom K)
Rodney Pattison
Iain MacDonald-Smith
1970
Flag of Spain.svg
Mar Menor
 United Kingdom K)
Rodney Pattison
Iain MacDonald-Smith
 East Germany (GO)
Herbert Hüttner
Dietmar Gede
 Italy (ITA)
Massone
1971  United Kingdom K)
Rodney Pattison
Julian Brooke
1972
Flag of the Netherlands.svg
Medemblik
 United Kingdom K)
Rodney Pattison
Christopher Davies
 Germany (G)
Ullrich Libor
Peter Naumann
 Netherlands (H)
Fred Imhoff
Simon Korver
1973
Flag of Switzerland.svg
Thun
 East Germany (GO)
Herbert Hüttner
Ulf Pagenkopf
 East Germany (GO)
Fröbe
Mayer
 France (F)
Marc Pajot
Yves Pajot
1975
Flag of Germany.svg
Travemünde
 United Kingdom K)
Rodney Pattison
Julian Brooke-Houghton
 West Germany (G)
Albert Batzill
Rudolf Batzill
  Switzerland (Z)
J. Hotz
A. Nicolet
1976
Flag of France.svg
Hyères
 Canada (KC)
Hans Fogh
Evert Bastet
 East Germany (GO)
Uwe Steingross
Jörg Schramme
 West Germany (G)
Jörg Diesch
Eckart Diesch
1982
Flag of Switzerland.svg
Silvaplana
 Denmark (D)
Jørgen Bojsen-Møller
Jacob Bojsen-Møller
 West Germany (G)
Jörg Diesch
Eckart Diesch
 West Germany (G)
Wiesner
Dressendörfer
1986
Flag of SFR Yugoslavia.svg
Rijeka
 West Germany (G)
Jörg Diesch
Eckart Diesch
 Canada (KC)
Frank McLaughlin
John Millan
 Japan (J)
Sato
Wakanaga
1987  France (F)
Thierry Berger
Vincent Berger
 Denmark (D)
Jørgen Bojsen-Møller
Jacob Bojsen-Møller
 Spain (E)
Luis Doreste
Andor Serra
1988
Flag of Spain.svg
Palma de Mallorca
 Spain (E)
Luis Doreste
Miguel Noguer
 Norway (N)
Ole Petter Pollen
Erik Bjørkum
 West Germany (G)
Albert Batzill
Peter Lang
1989
Flag of Hungary.svg
Balatonfüred
 Hungary (M)
Tamás Pomucz
Béla Argay
 East Germany (GO)
Ulf Lehmann
Stefan Mädicke
 East Germany (GO)
Jörn Borowski
Matthias Kroh
1990  Soviet Union (SR)
Georgiy Schaidukov
Viktor Budanzev
 Spain (E)
Luis Doreste
Domingo Manrique
 West Germany (G)
Andreas Willim
Carsten Kemmling
1991  Italy (I)
Lusa Santella
Flavio Grassi
 Spain (E)
Luis Doreste
Domingo Manrique
 West Germany (G)
Albert Batzill
Peter Lang
1992  France (FRA)
Thierry Berger
Vincent Berger
 Spain (ESP)
Luis Doreste
Domingo Manrique
 Canada (CAN)
Frank McLaughlin
John Millen
1997
Flag of Spain.svg
Mar Menor
 Hungary (HUN)
Szabolcs Majthényi
András Domokos
 Germany (GER)
Michael Dorrer
Josef Seebauer
 Germany (GER)
Andreas Gillwald
Martin Romberg
2000
Flag of Italy.svg
Elba
 Hungary (HUN)
Szabolcs Majthényi
András Domokos
 Germany (GER)
Hans-Peter Schwarz
Roland Kirst
 Denmark (DEN)
Jørgen Schønherr
Jørgen Bojsen-Møller
2003
Flag of Italy.svg
Dervio
 Denmark (DEN)
Jørgen Bojsen-Møller
Jacob Bojsen-Møller
 Germany (GER)
Hans-Peter Schwarz
Roland Kirst
 Hungary (HUN)
Szabolcs Majthényi
András Domokos
2006
Flag of Austria.svg
Neusiedl
 Hungary (HUN)
Szabolcs Majthényi
András Domokos
 Denmark (DEN)
Jørgen Bojsen-Møller
Jacob Bojsen-Møller
 Germany (GER)
Dirk Bogumil
Michael Lisken
2008
Flag of Croatia.svg
Rabac
 Denmark (DEN)
Jørgen Bojsen-Møller
Jacob Bojsen-Møller
 Hungary (HUN)
Szabolcs Majthényi
András Domokos
 Australia (AUS)
Norman Rydge
Richard Scarr
2012
Flag of Spain.svg
Altea
 Hungary (HUN)
Szabolcs Majthényi
András Domokos
 Denmark (DEN)
Jørgen Bojsen-Møller
Jacob Bojsen-Møller
 Netherlands (NED)
Enno Kramer
Ard Geelkerken

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Centerboard Classes". US Sailing. Retrieved 31 July 2012. 
  2. ^ "RYA Portsmouth Yardstick Scheme 2007". Royal Yachting Association. Retrieved 21 August 2012. 
  3. ^ Portsmouth tables
  4. ^ Olympics
  5. ^ Vintage
  6. ^ Asian
  7. ^ Pan American
  8. ^ Worlds
  9. ^ European

External links[edit]