420 (dinghy)

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Current Specifications
Syc usjwdc2008 2.jpg
420s under sail
420 black.svg
Class Symbol
Crew 2
Type Monohull
Design One-Design
Construction GRP
Rig Bermuda
Keel Centerboard
Trapeze Single
LOA 4.2 metres (13 ft 9 in)
Beam 1.63 metres (5 ft 4 in)
Draft 0.965 metres (3 ft 2.0 in)
Hull weight 80 kilograms (180 lb)
Mast height 6.26 metres (20 ft 6 in)
Main & Jib area 10.25 square metres (110.3 sq ft) [1]
Mainsail area 7.45 square metres (80.2 sq ft)
Jib / Genoa area 2.8 square metres (30 sq ft)
Spinnaker area 8.83 square metres (95.0 sq ft)
D-PN 97.6[2]
RYA PN 1087[3]
Development
Year 1959
Designer Christian Maury
Role Youth trainer, racing
Infobox last updated: March, 2010

The International 420 Class Dinghy is a double-handed (2 crew) monohull planing dinghy with centreboard, bermuda rig and centre sheeting. The name describes the overall length of the boat in centimetres (the boat is exactly 4.2 metres long). The hull is fibreglass with internal buoyancy tanks. The 420 is equipped with spinnaker and optional trapeze, making teamwork necessary to sail it well. It has a large sail-area-to-weight ratio, and is designed to plane easily. It can be rigged to be sailed single-handed.

The 420 was designed specifically to be easier to handle than its larger higher-performance cousin, the 470. Both were designed by French engineer Christian Maury, the 420 as a stepping-stone for club and youth sailing to the 470. The 420 is an International class recognized by the International Sailing Federation.

A derivative of the 420 called the Club 420 is popular in the North America. This class is not recognised by International Sailing Federation or the International 420 Class Association and cannot be used at class events. The boats are very similar in appearance but the Club 420 is slightly stronger, heavier and less refined.

History[edit]

The International 420 was designed by Christian Maury, after a specification drawn by Aristide Lehoerrff and Pierre Latxague, chief sailing instructors of the Centerport sailing school South-West France near St Jean de Luz. It was built at first by French industrialist Lucien Lanaverre, a former cooper for the Bordeaux wine industry, who had converted to the then new industry of GRP polyester moulding[4] in the 1960s as an inexpensive general purpose two sail, transom sheeted, non-trapeze dinghy, with modest easily handled sail plan. The class developed rapidly in France, being adopted nationally as a youth trainer for the larger Olympic class International 470 which was also designed by Cornu. By the late 1960s the class was adopted by a few UK university sailing clubs for training and team racing. it has the famous Bermuda rig.

Construction[edit]

The class adopted a policy of "prudent evolution" so as to allow development without making existing dinghies obsolete. The hull's seaworthiness and stability at speed proved to be better than most of its contemporaries, and this together with its modest sail area make it fun to sail in heavy weather and thus an excellent youth trainer, qualities that led to its adoption for that role by the RYA in the mid-1970s.

With its trapeze and spinnaker it provides the capability for advanced sailing techniques for international standard sailors, while still remaining affordable and accessible to beginners. The International 420 maintains a large multinational class association. The combination of effective class management, the boat's inherent sailing qualities, and prudent evolution have contributed to the class's continuing success.

Events[edit]

World champions[edit]

The 1976 420 World Championships were held in Barrington, RI, USA, and the winners were Stephen Taylor & Joan Massey of the USA (both members of Yale Sailing Center, New Haven/Branford, CT).

The 1977 420 World Championships were held in Bayona, Spain, and the Taylor/Massey (USA) team defended their 1976 championship and won again, despite being slightly slower than an Israeli team that had 5 first-place finishes in 7 races. In '77, the Taylor/Massey pair had 5 second place finishes, one first, and one drop (bad finish). The Israelis had two drops, thereby falling to second place.

Open[edit]

Year Gold Silver Bronze
1973 Australia Adelaide  Australia
Wangel
Giles
1974 Germany Kiel  France
Alain Chourgnoz
Denis Cerda
1975 Netherlands Medemblik  United States
Whitehurst
 
 France
Russo
 
 Netherlands
Carels
 
1976 United States Barrington  United States
Taylor
Massey
1977 Spain Baiona  United States
Taylor
Massey
1978 Denmark Jyllinge  France
Pollet
Johanssen
 Great Britain
Cathy Foster
Wendy Hilder
 Spain
Sallent
Isnard
1979 Portugal Tróia  Italy
Di Salle
Vassalo
 West Germany
Möller
Möller
 New Zealand
Dickson
Wilcox
1980 France Quiberon  Israel
Brockman
Friedlander
 France
Brenac
Mikuelis
 France
Jaffrezeic
Berthonneau
1982 Australia Adelaide  Australia
Ferris
McKay
 United States
Brown
 
 West Germany
Etten
 
1984 United States Annapolis  West Germany
A. Andruleit
H. Andruleit
 West Germany
Filimonow
Stöckmann
 Canada
Ellis
Ferrow
1986 Belgium Nieuwpoort  France
Eric Godard
Christophe Godard
1987 Hungary Balatonfüred  France
Jean-François Berthet
Gwendoel Berthet
 France
Eric Godard
Christophe Godard
1988 Australia Lake Macquarie  France
W. Sanchez-Diez
Bertrand Dumortier
 West Germany
Christian Halm
Alexander Halm
 France
Jean-François Berthet
Gwendoel Berthet
1989 Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Mošćenička Draga  France
David Ravet
Bertrand Loyal
 Great Britain
Steve Irish
Greg Irish
 Great Britain
John Merricks
Rob Wilson
1990 France Crozon  France
Christian Gout
Jean Gout
1991 Italy Rimini  Great Britain
Steve Irish
Greg Irish
1992 Israel Caesarea  Spain
Gustavo Martínez
Dimias Wood
1993 Sweden Marstrand  Italy
Marcello Luciani
Dario Luciani
1994 United Kingdom Plymouth  Great Britain
John Merricks
Ian Lovering
1995 Australia Fremantle  Australia
Roger Perrett
Teague Czislowski
1996 Belgium Blankenberge  Portugal
M. Fortunato
M. Nunes
1997 United States Newport  France
W. Sanchez-Diez
Gabriol
1998 Spain Palamós  France
Nicolas Charbonnier
David Deguine
1999 Greece Athens  France
Nicolas Charbonnier
David Deguine
 Portugal
Pedro Pinto
Miguel Pinto
2000 France La Rochelle  Australia
Mathew Belcher
Daniel Belcher
 Italy
Luca Matteo Bursic
Thomas Jacob
 Greece
Mileos Michaelis
Theodores Polighrondis
2001 Italy Ravenna  Italy
Michel Mazzotti
Guilia Mazzotti
 Spain
R. Medina
J. Cerezo
 Italy
B. Danti
F. Geggio
2002 Portugal Tavira  India
Farokh Tarapore
Vikas Kapila
 Great Britain
Nic Asher
Elliot Willis
 France
Morgan Lagravière
Noé Delpech
2003 United Kingdom Hayling Island  Spain
José Antonio Medina
Onan Barreiros
 France
Nicolas Duron
Sébastian Durand
 France
Morgan Lagravière
Noé Delpech
2004 Australia Melbourne  Australia
Nathan Wilmot
Malcolm Page
 Australia
Mathew Belcher
Rike Ziegelmayer
 Australia
Nathan Outteridge
Ayden Menzies
2005 France Brest  Portugal
Tomas da Silva
Francisco Gomes
 Italy
Alfredo Capodanno
Vittorio Papa
 Spain
Pablo Santurde
Abelardo Quevedo
2006 Spain Las Palmas  New Zealand
Carl Evans
Peter Burling
 New Zealand
Simon Cooke
Scott Illingworth
 France
Fernando Lodos
Julien Pulve
2007 New Zealand Auckland  New Zealand
Carl Evans
Peter Burling
 New Zealand
Simon Cooke
Scott Illingworth
 New Zealand
Rowan Swanson
Bruce Kennedy
2008 Greece Athens  Greece
Michalis Mileos
Evangelos-Vasileio Mitakis
 Greece
Vasilis Papoutsoglou
Akilas Drougas
 Italy
Edoardo Mancinelli Scotti
Lorenzo de Felice
2009 Italy Lake Garda  Greece
Antonios Tsimpoukelis
George Karonis
 New Zealand
Francisco Lardies
Finn Drummond
 Great Britain
Ben Palmer
Konrad Weaver
2010 Israel Haifa  Justin LIU (SIN)
 Sherman CHENG (SIN)
 Francesco Falcetelli (ITA)
 Gabriele Franciolini (ITA)
 Edoardo MANCINELLI SCOTTI (ITA)
 Leonardo CUCCHIARA (ITA)
2011 Argentina Buenos Aires  Pablo VOLKER (ARG)
 Agustin CUNILL MARTINEZ (ARG)
 Edoardo MANCINELLI SCOTTI (ITA)
 Leonardo CUCCHIARA (ITA)
 Benjamín Grez (CHI)
 Diego Gonzalez (CHI)
2012 Austria Lake Neusiedl  Greece
Alex Kavas
George Kavas
2013 Spain Valencia  Spain
Xavier Antich
Pedro Terrones

Women's[edit]

Year Gold Silver Bronze
1980 Denmark Charlottenlund  Italy
Mazzaferro
Galeazzi
1981  Italy
Mazzaferro
Galeazzi
1986 Belgium Nieuwpoort  Italy
M. Bazzini
D. De Cagno
1987 Italy Cervia  France
V. Ravet
D. Besson

1988 Switzerland
 Spain
Leon
Leon
1989 France  Sweden
M. Wendris
B. Bengtsson
1990 Japan Miura  France
C. Hendrick
C. Condolf
1991 Italy Rimini  France
Marie LeCadre
Laure Fernandez
1998 Galaxidi  Israel
K. Kliger
V. Buskila
1999 Greece Athens  Greece
D. Milona
A. Kourkoulou
2000 France La Rochelle  Great Britain
Christina Bassedone
Helen Mayhew
 Greece
Altana Danezi
Evagelia Vlachov
 Italy
Elena Ziliani
Alessandra Marenzi
2001 Ravenna  Italy
Elisabetta Sacchegiani
Maria Paola Bertone
 Italy
Sara Postogna
Anna Postogna
 Italy
C. Mariani
C. Gabrielli
2002 Tavira  France
Caroline Jonet
Magali Pallanca
 Greece
Spiridoula Mileou
Sofia Papadopoulou
 Brazil
Isabel Barzaghi
Laura Zani
2003 United Kingdom Hayling Island  Brazil
Isabel Barzaghi
Laura Zani
 Great Britain
Charlotte Savage
Maia Walsh
 Germany
Dorothea Gebert
Natascha Lorenz
2004 Mornington  Australia
Elise Rechichi
Tessa Parkinson
 Great Britain
Lucy MacGregor
Nicola MacGregor
 France
Camille Lecointre
Gwendolyn Lemaitre
2005 France Brest  Italy
Maria Stella Turizio
Maria Carolina Rendano
 France
Marie Lumeau
Claire Bossard
 Great Britain
Maria Stanley
Catherine Alton
2006 Spain Las Palmas  Great Britain
Hannah Mills
Peggy Webster
 Spain
Tara Pacheco-Van Rijnsoever
Elena Barambio
 Italy
Benedetta Danti
Elisa Cecconi
2007 New Zealand Auckland  New Zealand
Jo Aleh
Olivia Powrie
 New Zealand
Shelley Hesson
Bianca Barbarich-Bacher
 New Zealand
Sarah Bilkey
Rosie Sargisson
2008 Greece Athens  Greece
Katerina Kaitatzidou
Sofia Kaitatzidou
 Israel
Gil Cohen
Adva Kremer
 Greece
Afrodite Kyranakou
Elena Nikiforidi
2009 Italy Lake Garda  New Zealand
Alex Maloney
Bianca Barbarich-Bacher
 Italy
Camilla Marino
Claudia Soricelli
 United States
Sydney Bolger
Caitlin Beavers
2010 Israel Haifa  Roberta Caputo (ITA)
 Benedetta Barbiero (ITA)
 Morgan Kiss (USA)
 Katia Da Silva (USA)
 Christina Celli (ITA)
 Silvia Morini (ITA)
2011 Argentina Buenos Aires  Annabel Vose (GBR)
 Megan Brickwood (GBR)
 Nadine Bohm (GER)
 Monika Lindner (GER)
 Maelenn Lemaitre (FRA)
 Aloise Retornaz (FRA)

ISAF Youth Worlds[edit]

The class has been used for almost all the ISAF Youth Sailing World Championships as the two person dinghy for boys and girls. For a couple of years the class was competing for the slot with both the 29er and Laser 2. The Laser 2 is no longer recognised equipment for the youth worlds and the 29er has been recognised separately for the skiff discipline.

Gallery[edit]

Participants in US Junior Women's Double-handed Sailing Championship, October 2008. 
Mythologies cresting a wave as she heads out from the shore at Brighton, South Australia 
420 GBR 39178 
420 FRA 51265 

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.420sailing.org/content.asp?id=2906
  2. ^ "Centerboard Classes". US Sailing. Retrieved 31 July 2012. 
  3. ^ "Portsmouth Number List 2012". Royal Yachting Association. Retrieved 31 July 2012. 
  4. ^ International 420

External links[edit]