Football at the 1912 Summer Olympics

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Men's football
at the Games of the V Olympiad
Football pictogram.svg
Venues Stockholm Olympic Stadium
Tranebergs Idrottsplats
Råsunda Stadium
Dates June 29 (first round)
June 30 (quarterfinals)
July 2 (semifinals)
July 4 (final, bronze match)
Competitors 135 from 11 nations
Medalists
Gold medal 
Silver medal 
Bronze medal 
«1908 1920»

Football at the 1912 Summer Olympics was one of the 102 events at the 1912 Summer Olympics in Stockholm, Sweden. It was the fourth time football (soccer) was on the Olympic schedule. The tournament was contested between 11 nations, all of them from Europe, with Great Britain[1] winning the gold medals (the IOC accredits Great Britain and Ireland with the medal). Replicating the 1908 tournament, Denmark won silver medals and the Netherlands won bronze medals.

Just as the Football Association had organised the 1908 Olympic football competition in London, the Swedish Football Association would run the 1912 event.

The games took place in three different stadiums from June 29 to July 5, 1912. From the eleven games of the main tournament, two were played at Tranebergs Idrottsplats in a suburb of Stockholm, five games including the bronze medal match took placed at Råsunda Idrottsplats also outside Stockholm, while four games including the final were held at the Olympiastadion.

The venues

Medal summary[edit]

The database of the International Olympic Committee lists only the eleven players as medalists for each nation, who played in the first match for their nation.[2] The following list contains these eleven players, as well as all other players who made at least one appearance for their team during the tournament.

The Final: Denmark's captain Nils Middelboe (dark shirt) against two opponents
Austria versus Germany-first round 5:1
Gold Silver Bronze
Great Britain
Arthur Berry
Ronald Brebner
Thomas Burn
Joseph Dines
Edward Hanney
Gordon Hoare
Arthur Knight
Henry Littlewort
Douglas McWhirter
Ivan Sharpe
Harold Stamper
Harold Walden
Vivian Woodward
Gordon Wright
Great Britain squad
Denmark
Paul Berth
Charles Buchwald
Hjalmar Christoffersen
Harald Hansen
Sophus Hansen
Emil Jørgensen
Ivar Lykke
Nils Middelboe
Oskar Nielsen
Poul Nielsen
Sophus Nielsen
Anthon Olsen
Axel Petersen
Axel Thufason
Vilhelm Wolfhagen
Denmark squad
Netherlands
Piet Bouman
Joop Boutmy
Nico Bouvy
Huug de Groot
Bok de Korver
Nico de Wolf
Constant Feith
Ge Fortgens
Just Göbel
Dirk Lotsy
Caesar ten Cate
Jan van Breda Kolff
Jan van der Sluis
Jan Vos
David Wijnveldt
Netherlands squad

Participants[edit]

The tournament attracted a record 11 entries, all of them from Europe. France and Belgium withdrew from the event shortly before the draw. The entry of Bohemia was not accepted, because only nations and associations affiliated to the FIFA were allowed to enter teams. The Football Association entered a Great Britain national amateur team to represent Great Britain.

A total of 135+28[3] footballers from 11 nations competed at the Stockholm Games:

Amateur definitions[edit]

The definition for the football competition was:[citation needed]

An amateur is one:

  • who has never competed for money prize, or received any remuneration or Consideration of any sort above his necessary hotel and travelling expenses, paid in actual connection with football matches;
  • who has never engaged, assisted, or taught, in any branch of sport as a means of pecuniary gain;
  • who has never been registered as a professional;
  • who has never sold, pawned, hired out, or exhibited for payment, any prize won in a competition.

Course of the tournament[edit]

In the first round of the tournament, the hosts from Sweden went out in the opening match against the Netherlands. Fighting back from a 1-3 deficit with half an hour to go, Sweden only lost 4-3 on a goal scored by Dutch player Jan Vos in the extra time of the English referee. At Tranebergs Idrottsplats, Austrian football pioneer Hugo Meisl was the referee as Finland beat Italy also in extra time.

In the second round, Finland won again, this time beating Russia, who had received a bye in the first round. By this stage, the Great Britain team entered the contest, drawn to play against Hungary at Olympiastadion. Great Britain was captained by Vivian Woodward, a record-scoring centre-forward from Chelsea, who had formed part of Great Britain's gold medal winning side of the 1908 Summer Olympics. Led by forward Harold Walden, who scored six goals, Great Britain convincingly defeated Hungary with 7-0.

In the semi-final round, Walden scored all four goals, as Great Britain defeated Finland 4-0. In the other semi-final Denmark beat the Netherlands 4-1; the Dutch consolation goal put behind goalkeeper Sophus Hansen by Danish defender Harald Hansen. For the second successive time, the final would pair Great Britain with Denmark, and like in 1908, the team representing Great Britain would win gold medals, although this game would be closer than the 4-2 score-line suggested. With no rule allowing substitutions, Denmark played with one player less from the 30th minute of the game, when Charles Buchwald was injured.

A consolation tournament run, conjunctively, with the tournament proper paired the losers of the first and second rounds, and was eventually won by Hungary. German player Gottfried Fuchs equalled the record for most goals in an international (set by Dane Sophus Nielsen in the 1908 Olympics) with 10 goals for Germany against Russia, a record that stood until 2001.

Bracket[edit]

First round Second round Semi-finals Final
                           
           
   Great Britain (GBR)  
June 30 - Olympiastadion
  bye    
   Great Britain (GBR)  7
     Hungary (HUN)  0  
   Hungary (HUN)  
July 2 - Olympiastadion
  bye    
   Great Britain (GBR)  4
June 29 - Tranebergs Idrottsplats
     Finland (FIN)  0  
   Italy (ITA)  2
June 30 - Tranebergs Idrottsplats
   Finland (FIN) (a.e.t.)  3  
   Finland (FIN)  2
     Russia (RUS)  1  
   Russia (RUS)  
July 4 - Olympiastadion
  bye    
   Great Britain (GBR)  4
     Denmark (DEN)  2
   Denmark (DEN)  
June 30 - Råsunda Idrottsplats
  bye    
   Denmark (DEN)  7
     Norway (NOR)  0  
   Norway (NOR)  
July 2 - Olympiastadion
  bye    
   Denmark (DEN)  4
June 29 - Olympiastadion
     Netherlands (NED)  1   Third place
   Netherlands (NED) (a.e.t.)  4
June 30 - Råsunda Idrottsplats July 4 - Råsunda Idrottsplats
   Sweden (SWE)  3  
   Netherlands (NED)  3    Netherlands (NED)  9
June 29 - Råsunda Idrottsplats
     Austria (AUT)  1      Finland (FIN)  0
   Austria (AUT)  5
   Germany (GER)  1  

Results[edit]

First Round
June 29 Tranebergs Idrottsplats  Italy (ITA) 2 - 3  Finland (FIN) after extra time
(att. 600) Bontadini (10'), Sardi (25') (2 - 2) Öhman (2'), E. Soinio (40'), Wiberg (105')

June 29 Råsunda Idrottsplats  Austria (AUT) 5 - 1  Germany (GER)
(att. 2,000) Merz (75', 81'), Studnicka (58'),
Neubauer (62'), Cimera (89')
(0 - 1) Jäger (35')

June 29 Olympiastadion  Netherlands (NED) 4 - 3  Sweden (SWE) after extra time
(att. 14,000) Bouvy (28', 52'), Vos (43', 91') (2 - 1) Swensson (3', 80'), E. Börjesson (62' pen)
Second Round
June 30 Tranebergs Idrottsplats  Finland (FIN) 2 - 1  Russia (RUS)
(att. 300) Wiberg (30'), Öhman (80') (1 - 0) Butusov (72')

June 30 Olympiastadion United Kingdom Great Britain (GBR) 7 - 0  Hungary (HUN)
(att. 8,000) Walden (21', 23', 49', 53', 55', 85'),
Woodward (45')
(3 - 0)

June 30 Råsunda Idrottsplats  Denmark (DEN) 7 - 0  Norway (NOR)
(att. 700) Olsen (4', 70', 88'),
S. Nielsen (60', 85'),
Wolfhagen (25'), Middelboe (37')
(3 - 0)

June 30 Råsunda Idrottsplats  Netherlands (NED) 3 - 1  Austria (AUT)
(att. 7,000) Bouvy (8'), ten Cate (12'), Vos (30') (3 - 1) Müller (41')
Semi-finals
July 2 Olympiastadion United Kingdom Great Britain (GBR) 4 - 0  Finland (FIN)
(att. 4,000) Walden (7', 77'), Holopainen (2' og),
Woodward (82')
(2 - 0)

July 2 Olympiastadion  Denmark (DEN) 4 - 1  Netherlands (NED)
(att. 6,000) Olsen (14', 87'), Jørgensen (7'),
P. Nielsen (37')
(3 - 0) H. Hansen (85' og)
Bronze Medal Match
July 4 Råsunda Idrottsplats  Netherlands (NED) 9 - 0  Finland (FIN)
(att. 1,000) Vos (29', 43', 46', 74', 78'),
van der Sluis (24', 57'),
de Groot (28', 86')
(4 - 0)
Final
July 4 Olympiastadion United Kingdom Great Britain (GBR) 4 - 2  Denmark (DEN)
(att. 25,000) Hoare (22', 41'),
Walden (10'), Berry (43')
(4 - 1) Olsen (27', 81')

Consolation tournament[edit]


First Round
July 1 Tranebergs Idrottsplats  Austria (AUT) 1 - 0  Norway (NOR)
(att. 200) Grundwald (2') (1 - 0)

July 1 Råsunda Idrottsplats  Germany (GER) 16 - 0  Russia (RUS)
(att. 2,000) Fuchs (2', 9', 21', 28', 34',
46', 51', 55', 65', 69'),
Förderer (6', 27', 53', 66'),
Burger (30'), Oberle (58')
(8 - 0)

July 1 Råsunda Idrottsplats  Italy (ITA) 1 - 0  Sweden (SWE)
(att. 2,500) Bontadini (15') (1 - 0)
Semi-finals
July 3 Råsunda Idrottsplats  Hungary (HUN) 3 - 1  Germany (GER)
(att. 2,000) Schlosser (3', 39', 82') (2 - 0) Förderer (56')

July 3 Olympiastadion  Austria (AUT) 5 - 1  Italy (ITA)
(att. 3,500) Müller (30'), Grundwald (40', 89'),
Hussak (49'), Studnicka (65')
(2 - 0) Berardo (81')
Final
July 5 Råsunda Idrottsplats  Hungary (HUN) 3 - 0  Austria (AUT)
(att. 5,000) Schlosser (32'), Pataki (60'),
Bodnár (76')
(1 - 0)

Final ranking[edit]

  1.  Great Britain
  2.  Denmark
  3.  Netherlands
  4.  Finland
  5.  Austria
  6.  Norway
  7.  Hungary
  8.  Russia
  9.  Sweden
  10.  Germany
  11.  Italy

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Britain's Olympic past". Barber, David; The Football Association, 3 March 2004. Retrieved on 2008-11-24.
  2. ^ International Olympic Committee medal database
  3. ^ 135 players took part in the main tournament and another 28 players only played in the consolation tournament. Also there are 33 reserve players known, which are not included.

1912 Finnish Olympic football team

External links[edit]