Football in Cyprus

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Football is the country's most popular sport.[1][2]

Short of some sporadic surprise wins versus higher-ranked countries, mostly on home soil, the national team has not enjoyed any success of note. On the other hand, Cypriot clubs have reached the Champions League Group Stage three times in recent years; that has made Cyprus the smallest sovereign state (in both terms of area and population) to have been represented in the main phase of Europe's most prestigious club tournament, since the introduction of the current format in 1992. APOEL F.C. made history in 2012 by being the first Cypriot team to reach the quarter finals of Champions League.

Moreover, the national association has organised various FIFA and UEFA events (tournaments, courses, meetings).[3]

History[edit]

Football was introduced to Cyprus early in the 20th century by the British (Canon Frank Darvall Newham, founder of The English School, Nicosia). Initially played in the island's schools, it proved hugely popular and a number of clubs were duly formed. Football clubs played friendly games only and the first unofficial island-wide league was organised on 1932.[3]

The rivalry between teams that support different political parties has grown intense over the decades and the matches result in bloody conflicts between the fans. The fans take extreme pride in their team not only because the history of their team but because the connection their political party has with their team. The more hardcore right wing fans wave fascist symbols during matches whereas the hardcore left wing fans wave symbols associated with communism. AC Omonia's hardcore fans in the season 2011-2012 made an enormous choreography of the hammer and sickle, whereas APOEL FC and other right wing football clubs waved fascist symbols. The two teams mentioned above have an often violent rivalry, resulting in injuries to fans.

Cyprus Football Association[edit]

As football became established, the clubs were united in agreeing that an official body was needed to regulate the sport. In September 1934, the Cyprus Football Association (CFA) was formed and matches were soon being played on an official basis. The association became a FIFA member in 1948 and an UEFA member in 1962.[3]

Pancyprian Footballers Association[edit]

Until the mid-1980s, footballers in Cyprus did not have any organisation or union that promoted their interests. Players were usually paid small wages and needed to have other jobs in order to support themselves and their families.[4][5][6] On December 12, 1987 the Pancyprian Footballers Association (Greek: Παγκύπριος Σύνδεσμος Ποδοσφαιριστών) was created. On February 25, 1997, the PFA became a FIFPro member. [7]

There are 52,403 (19,203 registered) players and 108 football clubs in Cyprus.[8]

League system[edit]

The governing body of football in Cyprus is the Cyprus Football Association. The first official league was organised in 1934. The Cyprus Football Association oversees the organization of:

Teams[edit]

National team[edit]

The Cypriot national team has yet to qualify for any major FIFA or UEFA competition, but it has been improving in recent qualifying tournaments.

Cyprus' highest FIFA ranking (43rd) came in October 2010. Cyprus is currently ranked 89th (April 2011 list).

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Amazon.com.cy". Retrieved 11 May 2012. 
  2. ^ Doyle, Paul (2013-03-21). "How Cyprus's financial crisis may bolster moves towards football unity | Paul Doyle | Football". theguardian.com. Retrieved 2014-03-10. 
  3. ^ a b c "Cyprus Football Association". Retrieved 11 May 2012. 
  4. ^ "European football: In another league". The Economist. 2011-01-31. Retrieved 2014-03-10. 
  5. ^ "Play but no pay: how foreign players were cheated". Cyprus Mail. Retrieved 2014-03-10. 
  6. ^ "Premier League has second-largest proportion of foreigners in Europe | Football". The Guardian. Retrieved 2014-03-10. 
  7. ^ Η ΙΣΤΟΡΙΑ ΤΟΥ ΠΑΓΚΥΠΡΙΟΥ ΣΥΝΔΕΣΜΟΥ ΠΟΔΟΣΦΑΙΡΙΣΤΩΝ (in Greek). Π.Α.Σ.Π. 2008-05-12. Retrieved 2008-05-12. 
  8. ^ "Cyprus: country information". FIFA. 2008-12-02. Retrieved 2008-12-02.