Fourteen clubs compete in the league, playing each other twice, once at home and once away for a total of 26 games per team. The top two teams are promoted to the Cypriot First Division and the bottom four are relegated to the Cypriot Third Division.
Since 2009/10 season the top four teams after the end of the regular season (26 matchdays), play additional 6 matches between them (total 32). The top three teams after the 32 matchdays get promoted to Cypriot First division and the fourth team plays a playoff game against the 11th team of the First Division for a place to the First Division.
For the season 2013-14 a new structure was introduced to the Second Division of Cyprus. It was split into 2 groups, Group B1 and Group B2. Each group consisted of 8 teams, playing each other four times, twice at home and twice away, for a total of 28 games per team. The top two clubs of Group B1 were promoted to the First Division, while the bottom four were relegated to Group B2. The top two clubs of Group B2 were promoted to Group B1, while the bottom four were relegated to Third Division.