Former constellations

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
The former constellation Argo Navis

Former constellations are constellations that are no longer recognized by the International Astronomical Union for various reasons. Many of these constellations were recognized by authorities for long periods of time, even centuries in many cases, which means they have historical value and can be found on older star charts.

Noteworthy former constellations[edit]

Argo Navis[edit]

Argo Navis is the only constellation from Ptolemy's original list of 48 constellations that is no longer officially recognized. Due to its large size, it was split into three constellations by Nicolas Louis de Lacaille: Carina (the keel), Puppis (the poop deck), and Vela (the sails).[1] This new version was introduced in the star catalog Coelum Australe Stelliferum in 1763, which was published after de Lacaille's death.

Quadrans Muralis[edit]

Quadrans Muralis was originally created in 1795, but has since been divided between the constellations Boötes and Draco. The Quadrantids meteor shower is still named after the former constellation.

Remnant nomenclature[edit]

List of former constellations[edit]

Name Pronunciation Meaning Date created Created by
Anguilla æŋˈɡwɪlə Eel 1754 John Hill
Antinous ænˈtɪnoʊ.əs Antinous 132 Emperor Hadrian[2]
Apes ˈ Bees (renamed to Vespa, then Lilium, then to Musca Borealis) 1612 Petrus Plancius
Apis ˈeipɨs Bee (renamed to Musca Australis and then simply to Musca) 1598 Petrus Plancius
Aranea əˈreɪniə Long-Legged Spider 1754 John Hill
Argo Navis ˈɑrɡoʊˈneɪvɨs The Ship Argo (now divided into Carina, Puppis, and Vela) 2nd century Claudius Ptolemy
Asselli and Praesepe ˈ Dionysus's Asses (Asellus Borealis and Asellus Australis) and Manger (Beehive Cluster) 3rd century BC Aratus[3][4]
Asterion and Chara ˈ Northern and Southern Dogs in Canes Venatici 1690 Johannes Hevelius
Battery of Volta ˈ Battery 1807 Thomas Young
Bufo ˈbjuːfoʊ Toad 1754 John Hill
Cancer Minor ˈkænsərˈmaɪnər Lesser Crab 1613 Petrus Plancius
Capra and Haedi ˈ Goat Amalthea (stars surrounding Capella) and the Kids (Haedus I and Haedus II) 3rd century BC Aratus[5]
Caput Medusae ˈ Medusa's Head (known as Caput Algol in 16th century) 2nd century Hipparchus
Cerberus ˈsɜrbərəs Cerberus (guardian dog of Hades) 1690 Johannes Hevelius
Cor Caroli Regis Martyris ˈ Charles's Heart 1673 Charles Scarborough
Corona Firmiana ˈ Corona Borealis renamed to honor Count Leopold Anton von Firmian 1730 Corbinianus Thomas
Custos Messium ˈkʌstɒsˈmɛʃiəm Keeper of harvests 1775 Jérôme Lalande[6]
Deltoton ˈ Delta (obsolete name for Triangulum Boreale) 1540 Petrus Apianus[7]
Dentalium dɛnˈteɪliəm Tooth Shell 1754 John Hill
Felis ˈfiːlɨs Cat 1799 Jérôme Lalande
Frederici Honores frɛdəˈraɪsaɪ hɒˈnɔəriːz Frederick's Honors 1787 Johann Elert Bode[8]
Gallus ˈɡæləs Rooster 1613 Petrus Plancius
Gladii Electorales Saxonici ˈ Crossed Swords of the Electorate of Saxony 1684 Gottfried Kirch
Globus Aerostaticus ˈɡloʊbəs ɛərəˈstætɨkəs Hot air balloon 1798 Jérôme Lalande[9]
Gryphites ɡrɪˈfaɪtiːz Gryphaea shellfish 1754 John Hill
Hippocampus hɪpəˈkæmpəs Sea Horse 1754 John Hill
Hirudo hɪˈruːdoʊ Leech 1754 John Hill
Jordanus dʒɔrˈdeɪnəs River Jordan 1613 Petrus Plancius
Leo Palatinus ˈ Lion to honor the Elector Palatine Charles Theodore and his wife Elisabeth Auguste 1785 Karl-Joseph König
Lochium Funis ˈlɒkiəm ˈfjuːnɨs Log line (renamed to Linea Nautica in 1888 by Eliza A. Bowen[10]) 1801 Johann Elert Bode[11]
Lilium ˈlɪliəm Fleur de Lys (renamed Musca Borealis) 1679 Augustin Royer/P. Anthelme
Limax ˈlaɪmæks Slug 1754 John Hill
Linum Piscium ˈ The line connecting the fish (renamed from Linum Austrinum and Linum Boreum by Bode in 1801; known as Lineola too) 1590 Thomas Hood
Lumbricus lʌmˈbraɪkəs Earthworm 1754 John Hill
Machina Electrica ˈmækɨnə ɨˈlɛktrɨkə Electricity generator 1800 Johann Elert Bode[12]
Malus ˈmeɪləs Mast 1844 John Herschel
Manis ˈmeɪnəs Pangolin 1754 John Hill
Marmor Sculptile ˈ Bust of Columbus 1810 William Croswell
Mons Maenalus ˈmɒnz ˈmɛnələs Mount Mainalo 1690 Johannes Hevelius[13]
Musca Borealis ˈmʌskə bɔəriˈeɪlɨs Northern Fly 1690 Johannes Hevelius
Noctua ˈnɒktʃuːə Owl 1822 Alexander Jamieson
Nubecula Major and Nubecula Minor ˈ Magellanic Clouds 1603 Johann Bayer
Officina Typographica ˌɒfɨˈsaɪnə taɪpəˈɡræfɨkə Printshop 1801 Johann Elert Bode[14]
Patella pəˈtɛlə Limpet 1754 John Hill
Phoenicopterus ˌfɛnəˈkɒptərəs Flamingo (an obsolete name for Grus) early 17th century[15]
Pinna Marina ˈpɪnə məˈraɪnə Mussel 1754 John Hill
Piscis Notus ˈ Southern Fish (obsolete name for Piscis Austrinus) 3rd century BC Aratus
Polophylax pəˈlɒfɨlæks Guardian of the Pole 1592 Petrus Plancius
Pomum Imperiale ˈ Leopold's orb 1688 Gottfried Kirch
Phaethon ˈ Phaethon Middle Ages Aratus/Hyginus
Pluteum ˈ Parapet (obsolete for Pictor) 1881 Richard Andree
Psalterium Georgii sælˈtɪəriəm ˈdʒɔrdʒiaɪ George's Psaltery (renamed to Harp Georgii by Lalande) 1781 Maximilian Hell[16]
Quadrans Muralis ˈkweɪdrænz mjʊˈreɪlɨs Mural Quadrant 1795 Jérôme Lalande[17]
Quadratum ˈ Rhombus (obsolete name for Reticulum Rhomboidalis) 1706 Carel Allard
Ramus Pomifer ˈreɪməs ˈpɒmɨfər Apple-bearing Branch 1690 Johannes Hevelius[18]
Robur Carolinum ˈroʊbər kærəˈlaɪnəm Charles' Oak 1679 Edmund Halley[19]
Rosa ˈ Rose 1536 Petrus Apianus
Sagitta Australis ˈ Southern Arrow 1613 Petrus Plancius
Scarabaeus skærəˈbiːəs Rhinoceros Beetle 1754 John Hill
Sceptrum Brandenburgicum ˈsɛptrəm brændənˈbɜrdʒɨkəm Scepter of Brandenburg 1688 Gottfried Kirch[20]
Sceptrum et Manus Iustitiae ˈsɛptrəm ɛt ˈmeɪnəs dʒəˈstɪʃɨiː Scepter and Hand of Justice 1679 Augustin Royer
Sciurus Volans ˈ Flying Squirrel 1810 William Croswell
Sextants Uraniae ˈ Urania's Sextant (obsolete name for Sextans) 1690 Johannes Hevelius
Siren, Ceneus and Lang ˈ Siren, Lapith Caeneus and Toucan early 17th-century[21] Unknown/Willem Jansz Blaeu
Solarium səˈlɛəriəm Sundial 1822 Alexander Jamieson
Sudarium Veronicae ˈ Sudarium of Veronica 1643 Antoine Marie Schyrle de Rheita[22]
Tarandus vel Rangifer təˈrændəs vɛl ˈrændʒɨfər Reindeer 1736 Pierre Charles Lemonnier[23]
Taurus Poniatovii ˈtɔːrəs pɒniəˈtoʊviaɪ Poniatowski's Bull 1777 Martin Poczobut[24]
Tarabellum and Vexillum ˈ Drill and flag-like Standard 12th century Michael Scot[25]
Telescopium Herschelii tɛlɨˈskoʊpiəm hərˈʃiːliaɪ Herschel's Telescope (renamed from Tubus Herschelii Major by Bode in 1801) 1781 Maximilian Hell[26]
Tubus Herschelii Minor ˈ Herschel's Reflector 1781 Maximilian Hell
Testudo tɛsˈtjuːdoʊ Tortoise 1754 John Hill
Tigris ˈtaɪɡrɨs Tigris River 1613 Petrus Plancius
Triangulus Antarcticus ˈ Obsolete name for Triangulum Australe 1589 Peter Plancius
Triangulum Major ˈ Greater Triangle (obsolete name for Triangulum) 1690 Johannes Hevelius
Triangulum Minor traɪˈæŋɡjʊləm ˈmaɪnər Lesser Triangle 1690 Johannes Hevelius[27]
Turdus Solitarius ˈtɜrdəs sɒlɨˈtɛəriəs Solitary Thrush (renamed to Mocking Bird and then to Noctua). Named in honor of the Rodrigues solitaire, an extinct flightless bird related to the dodo. 1776 Pierre Charles Lemonnier[28]
Uranoscopus jʊərəˈnɒskəpəs Star-Gazer fish 1754 John Hill
Urna ˈ Urn of Aquarius 1596 Zacharias Bornmann
Vespa ˈvɛspə Wasp (an obsolete name for Musca Borealis) 1624 Jakob Bartsch[29]
Triangula, Triangulum, Catuli, Corona, Corolla, Piscis, Camelus, Vulpes, Equus, Delphin, Ursa Minor, Canis, Felis, Leaena and Cervus ˈ Obsolete names for Triangulum Boreale, Triangulum Australe, Canes Venatici, Corona Borealis, Corona Australis, Piscis Australis, Cameleopardalis, Vulpecula et Anser, Equuleus, Delphinus, Ursa Major, Ursa Minor, Canis Major, Canis Minor, Leo Minor and Monoceros 1873 Richard Proctor[30]

Notes[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]