Foulsham

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This article is about the place. For the publishing company see W. Foulsham & Company Limited.

Foulsham
Holy Innocents, Foulsham, Norfolk - geograph.org.uk - 309026.jpg
Holy Innocents, Foulsham
Foulsham is located in Norfolk
Foulsham
Foulsham
 Foulsham shown within Norfolk
Area  12.56 km2 (4.85 sq mi)
Population 860 (2001 census[1])
   – density  68/km2 (180/sq mi)
OS grid reference TG0325
   – London  119 miles (192 km) 
Civil parish Foulsham CP
District Broadland
Shire county Norfolk
Region East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town DEREHAM
Postcode district NR20
Dialling code 01263
Police Norfolk
Fire Norfolk
Ambulance East of England
EU Parliament East of England
List of places
UK
England
Norfolk

Coordinates: 52°46′50″N 1°00′38″E / 52.78055°N 1.01057°E / 52.78055; 1.01057

Foulsham is a village and civil parish in the English county of Norfolk.[2] The Village is 19.6 miles (31.5 km) miles west south west of Cromer, 17.7 miles (28.5 km)miles north west of Norwich and 119 miles (192 km) miles north east of London. The village lies 9.4 miles (15.1 km)miles north north east of the town of East Dereham. The nearest railway station is at Sheringham for the Bittern Line which runs between Sheringham, Cromer and Norwich. The nearest airport is Norwich International Airport.

History[edit]

The village's name derives from 'sham,' or home, and 'foul,' from the bird. Foulsham has an entry in the Domesday Book of 1085.[3] In the great book Foulsham is recorded by the name Folsam and Folsham it is said to be in the ownership of the King before and after 1066 and Walter Gifford from the king and in the custody of Godric The survey also notes two churches, a mill, twelve cattle, four hundred pigs, fifty Goats and 13 sesters[4] of Honey.

Puritan emigration[edit]

The village gave its name to a family of Puritan dissidents who fled England for the town of Hingham, Massachusetts, (and later Exeter, New Hampshire) and whose spelling of the name was slightly changed to Folsom.[5] Today these American descendants of Foulsham have given rise to Folsom, California, Folsom Street in San Francisco, Folsom Prison—all named for California pioneer and New Hampshire native Joseph Libbey Folsom—as well as General Nathaniel Folsom, who represented New Hampshire in the Continental Congress.[6]

In World War 2 RAF Foulsham played host to No. 100 Group RAF, a special operations unit who flew bombers including the Handley Page Halifax and De Havilland Mosquito in electronic warfare missions. All that remain now are a couple of dilapidated hangars and a few small outbuildings.

The village is largely unspoilt, with a number of attractive 16th and 17th century buildings.

Before Dr. Beeching closed many railway lines in the early 1960s, The village had its own railway station on the line between Dereham and Wroxham.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Census population and household counts for unparished urban areas and all parishes. Office for National Statistics & Norfolk County Council (2001). Retrieved 20 June 2009.
  2. ^ OS Explorer Map 24 - Norfolk Coast Central. ISBN 0-319-21726-4
  3. ^ The Domesday Book, Englands Heritage, Then and Now, Editor: Thomas Hinde,Norfolk page 189 ISBN 1-85833-440-3
  4. ^ Sester is a type of measure; 1 sester of Honey = 28.39059 gal
  5. ^ The Folsoms who eventually settled in Exeter, New Hampshire, continued to hold land near Foulsham in Norfolk for many years after settling in the English colony. Deacon John Folsom, who died in Exeter in 1681 deeded to his son Peter before his death (April 10, 1673) "forty or fifty acres of land in Hingham in ye county of Norfolk (England) near Norrald Comon and formerly held by ye name of Ffulsham at ye Boxbushes."[1]
  6. ^ A Genealogy of the Folsom Family 1615-1882, Jacob Chapman, Republican Press Association, Concord, N.H., 1882

External links[edit]

Media related to Foulsham at Wikimedia Commons