Norwich International Airport
|Norwich International Airport|
|IATA: NWI – ICAO: EGSH|
|Owner||Rigby Group (80.1%)
Norfolk County Council
Norwich City Council
|Operator||Norwich Airport Limited|
|Elevation AMSL||117 ft / 36 m|
Norwich International Airport (IATA: NWI, ICAO: EGSH), also known as Norwich Airport, is an airport in the City of Norwich within Norfolk, England 2.8 NM (5.2 km; 3.2 mi) north of the city centre and on the edge of the city's suburbs at Hellesdon. In 2014 Norwich airport was the 29th busiest airport in the UK.
Along with a long history of flights to Amsterdam Airport Schiphol via KLM Cityhopper (formerly KLM UK), it offers flights to various destinations in the United Kingdom and Europe. Besides the commercial flights, charter operators also operate out of Norwich. Bristow Helicopters, DanCopter and Bond Offshore Helicopters fly crews to North Sea gas rigs and SaxonAir operates executive, private aircraft and helicopter charter flights.
Norwich Airport has a CAA Public Use Aerodrome Licence (Number P723) that allows flights for the public transport of passengers or for flying instruction.
The first Norwich airport was set up on a former First World War aerodrome on Mousehold Heath under what is now the Heartsease housing estate. This fell into disuse in the early part of the Second World War.
RAF Horsham St Faith
The current site, formerly known as Royal Air Force Station Horsham St Faith, or more commonly RAF Horsham St Faith, was first developed in 1939 and officially opened on 1 June 1940 as a Royal Air Force (RAF) bomber station.
The airfield was transferred to RAF Fighter Command on 10 July 1945 when it was occupied by four Gloster Meteor Squadrons. RAF Horsham St. Faith was a front-line RAF station for many years, and its squadrons participated in many post-war exercises. The station was deactivated on 1 August 1963.
|This section does not cite any references or sources. (October 2013)|
The RAF left Horsham on 24 March 1967. Over the following two years the major part of the airfield and buildings were sold to Norwich City and Norfolk County Council, a small part being retained by the Ministry of Defence (MoD). Norwich Airport Ltd under ownership of the County and City Councils developed the modern day Norwich International Airport.
Most of the World War II buildings used by the USAAF remain, although converted for a variety of purposes. Three of the five large pre-war hangars are still being used for aircraft maintenance. Two have been converted for commercial use. The control tower still exists although the top has been restored and a new tower has been built adjacent to the present main runway. Other wartime buildings now form part of the airport industrial estate (owned by the County and City Councils) and are intermingled with many newer structures. Adjacent to the airport terminal building opened in 1988 there is a memorial display relating to the USAAF, consisting of photographs, paintings, and a plaque commemorating the American use of the airfield.
The former RAF accommodation blocks situated towards Old Catton were until 1993 used by the University of East Anglia as accommodation for students; known to students as "Fifers Lane" halls, these have since been demolished and the site redeveloped as housing. The remaining MoD property—airmen's married quarters—continued to be used for nearby RAF stations, but due to the closure of these stations, the housing has been sold to private buyers.
Whilst most runways and taxiways from the military airfield remain, only one runway is primarily used, to avoid takeoffs and landings over built-up areas: east–west runway 09/27, which was extended eastwards by the RAF in 1956. The old 04/22 runway is no longer used for takeoffs or landings, but is used for parking and taxiing of larger aircraft.
In March 2004, the City and County Councils sold 80.1% of Norwich Airport Ltd to Omniport whilst retaining the remaining 19.9%. Omniport has also acquired 100% of Norwich Airport Travel Ltd. Since the sale to Omniport the airport has become one of the UK hubs for budget carrier Flybe and the number of flights and destinations served have rapidly increased. In 2005 a £3.5M terminal expansion programme began.
During filming of the BBC show Top Gear, operations from the airport appeared disrupted when a caravan, adapted into an airship and flown by James May, drifted overhead the airport, infringing its controlled airspace. In reality, the event occurred after much pre-planning between the airport authorities and the BBC; and scenes showing the airship in the airfield boundary were actually filmed after the blimp had lifted off from the airfield to satisfy the requirements of the film crew.
In 2007, the airport introduced its Airport Development Fee (ADF). All passengers departing from the airport pay a fee of £10.
In December 2013 Loganair announced they would be taking over Flybe's service to Edinburgh Airport from April 2014 and increasing flights from 1 to 3 times a day each weekday and twice on Sundays in the peak season, with this there will be two further D328s based at the airport one to operate the route and one as a 'hot spare'/charter aircraft with all crew being relocated from Edinburgh and Dundee.
The airport has one runway (designated 09/27), 1,841 m (6,040 ft) in length. A smaller 1,285 m (4,216 ft) runway (designated 04/22) was closed in 2006, and is now used as a taxiway. The airport has nine parking stands for commercial aircraft.
Airlines and destinations
|Air Malta||Seasonal: Malta|
|BH Air||Seasonal: Burgas|
|Corendon Airlines||Seasonal charter: Antalya|
operated by Loganair
|Germania||Seasonal charter: Corfu, Dalaman, Gran Canaria,
Ibiza, Menorca, Palma de Mallorca, Paphos (begins 4 May 2016), Tenerife-South
operated by KLM Cityhopper
|SunExpress||Seasonal charter: Dalaman|
|Thomas Cook Airlines||Seasonal: Palma de Mallorca|
|Thomson Airways||Seasonal: Tenerife-South|
Operators based at Norwich are Bond Helicopters, Bristow Helicopters, DanCopter, NHV Helicopters, Eastern Airways, Flybe, SaxonAir Charter & SaxonAir Flight Support and the East Anglian Air Ambulance,.
Accidents and incidents
On 12 December 1973 a Dassault Falcon 20 of Fred. Olsen Airtransport suffered a bird strike on takeoff from runway 28. Both engines failed and the aircraft made an emergency landing in a field. All three crew members were injured, the passengers sustained no injuries. The aircraft was written off.
On 25 October 1974 a Cessna 310 dived into the ground while on final approach, killing the pilot. The Cessna's nose pitched down and the wings rolled over; the loss of control was caused by the uncommanded retraction of the starboard flap, caused by the failure of the drive mechanism.
|Rank||Airport||Passengers handled|| % Change
2012 / 13
|1||Netherlands – Amsterdam||137,380||4|
|2||United Kingdom – Aberdeen||60,162||6|
|3||United Kingdom – Manchester||29,668||2|
|4||Spain – Palma de Mallorca||28,584||21|
|5||United Kingdom – Edinburgh||28,460||15|
|6||Spain – Tenerife-South||16,554||6|
|7||Turkey – Dalaman||13,523||11|
|8||Tunisia – Tunisia||11,817||14|
|9||Greece – Corfu||7,075||33|
|10||Spain – Ibiza||6,550||16|
Future Road Links: The Norwich Northern Distributor Road will link the airport to the A47, stopping people using the congested ring road, and providing faster and better connections to other parts of the county and country.
Norwich airport does not have a railway station; the nearest railway station is Norwich Railway Station approximately 4 miles (6.4 km) distant.
Taxis are available directly outside the terminal building
- Norwich – EGSH
- UK Annual Airport Statistics
- Omniport Website
- Norwich Airport Development Fee Retrieved 4 January 2012
- Easter Daily Press report Retrieved 11 June 2014
- Bristow Helicopters
- East Anglian Air Ambulance
- "Avions Marcel Dassault Fan Jet Falcon LN-FOE Report on the accident near Norwich Airport, Norfolk on 12 December 1974" (PDF). London: Accidents Investigation Branch. 1974. p. 1. ISBN 0-11-511417-3.
- G-APTK accident report
- http://www.caa.co.uk/default.aspx?catid=80&pagetype=88&sglid=3&fld=2014Annual UK Airport Statistics] UK Civil Aviation Authority
- Park and ride timetable Retrieved 29 May 2012
- Freeman, Roger A. (1978) Airfields of the Eighth: Then and Now. After the Battle ISBN 0-900913-09-6
- Maurer, Maurer (1983). Air Force Combat Units Of World War II. Maxwell AFB, Alabama: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0-89201-092-4.
- USAAS-USAAC-USAAF-USAF Aircraft Serial Numbers—1908 to present
- www.controltowers.co.uk Horsham St Faith
Media related to Norwich Airport at Wikimedia Commons
- Official website
- RAF Bomber Command History of Horsham St Faith
- 458th Bombardment Group website
- City of Norwich Aviation Museum website