He is known as a novelist, biographer and literary columnist. His father was a journalist. He was elected at the Académie française in 2001. In 2010, he won the Edouard Drumont literary prize for his novel Grand Hotel Nelson.
^Bitter carnival: ressentiment and the abject hero - Page 218 Michael André Bernstein - 1992 "Barthes's description is quoted in a list of observations about Céline, some favorable, others hostile, gathered by Frédéric Vitoux in his study Céline (Paris: Pierre Belfond, 1978), pp. 243–44"