Darcos was born on 14 July 1947 in Limoges to Jean-Gabriel Darcos and Anne-Marie Banvillet.
After getting a PhD in Latin studies from the University of Bordeaux and becoming a professor emeritus in letters and social sciences, he started teaching in 1968, first in Périgueux, then in a Bordeaux khâgne from 1982 to 1987, and finally at the lycée Louis-le-Grand, Paris from 1987 to 1992.
In 1989 he became deputy to the Mayor of Périgueux. Three years later, he became a senior school inspector.
From 1993 to 1995 he was the chief of staff (directeur de cabinet) to Education Minister François Bayrou, from 1995 to 1997 advisor to Prime Minister Alain Juppé for education and culture matters, and from 1995 to 1998, along with François Bayroux and Claude Allègre, he was the president of school inspectors. From 1996 to 1999 he was also a Professor in comparative literature at the Paris IV University.
In May 2002, he became Minister for School Education in Jean-Pierre Raffarin's cabinet, then on 1 April 2004 Minister for Cooperation, Development and Francophony.
Minister of Labor, Social Affairs, Family, and Solidarity : 2009–2010.
Minister of National Education : 2007–2009.
Minister of School Education : 2002–2004.
Minister of Development, Cooperation and Francophony : 2004–2005.
Senate of France
Senator of Dordogne : 1998–2002 (Became minister in 2002).
Regional councillor of Aquitaine : Since 2004. Reelected in 2010.
Mayor of Périgueux : 1997–2002 (Resignation) / 2005–2008. Reelected in 2001, 2005.
Deputy-mayor of Périgueux : 1989–1997 / 2002–2005. Reelected in 1995.
Municipal councillor of Périgueux : 1989–2008. Reelected in 1995, 2001.
Agglomeration community Council
Awards and honours
- Xavier Darcos entered the Academy of Moral and Political Sciences in 2006.
- Histoire de la littérature française, 1992
- Approches ovidiennes de la mort, 1995
- Mérimée, 1998
- Robert des grands écrivains de langue française, (with other writers)
- L'Art d'apprendre à ignorer, 2000
- Dictionnaire des mythes féminins, 2002 (with other writers)
- Lettre à tous ceux qui aiment l'école, 2003 (en coll.)
- Deux voix pour une école, 2004 (with other writers)
- L'École de Jules Ferry, 2005 (prix Louis Pauwels in 2006)
- L'État et les Églises, 1905–2005, 2005
- L'État et les Églises, la question laïque, 2006
- Tacite, ses vérités sont les nôtres, 2007
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Gilles de Robien
|Minister of National Education