Front stance, sometimes also called forward leaning stance or forward stance, is a basic stance used in Japanese (前屈立ち) and Korean martial arts (앞 굽이). Although the specifics of the stance vary by style, overall it is visually similar to a lunge, with the forward leg bent at the knee, and the rear leg straight, while the hips and shoulders remain squarely facing forward. The purpose of the stance is to teach musculo-skeletal alignment that adds as much mass of the earth to a strike as possible. The stance allows a great deal of power generation forward, but very little in any other direction.
Karate students training in front stance at Shuri Castle, c.1938
In Japanese martial arts, the front stance (前屈立ち,zenkutsu-dachi?) is primarily practiced in karate and its variants. Some variations include the version practiced by Shotokan, where students generally place their feet at a longer depth, while Isshin-ryū students place their feet shoulder width, but with much shallower length. Other variations are also practiced.
The front stance is normally used when moving forwards while back stance is used when moving backwards.