Frutillar

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Frutillar
City and Commune
View to Lake Llanquihue and volcano Osorno from Frutillar village.
View to Lake Llanquihue and volcano Osorno from Frutillar village.
Location of Frutillar commune in the Los Lagos Region
Location of Frutillar commune in the Los Lagos Region
Location in Chile
Location in Chile
Frutillar
Location in Chile
Coordinates (city): 41°07′S 73°03′W / 41.117°S 73.050°W / -41.117; -73.050Coordinates: 41°07′S 73°03′W / 41.117°S 73.050°W / -41.117; -73.050
Country Chile
Region Los Lagos
Province Llanquihue
Founded as 23 November 1856
Founded as Villa de Frutillar
Government[1]
 • Type Municipality
 • Alcalde Ramón Espinoza Sandoval (PS)
Area[2]
 • Total 831.4 km2 (321.0 sq mi)
Elevation 62 m (203 ft)
Population (2012 Census)[2]
 • Total 16,283
 • Density 20/km2 (51/sq mi)
 • Urban 9,118
 • Rural 6,407
Demonym Frutillarino
Sex[2]
 • Men 7,948
 • Women 7,577
Time zone CLT (UTC−4)
 • Summer (DST) CLST (UTC−3)
Area code(s) 56 + 65
Website Municipality of Frutillar
Emil Körner in the uniform of the Army of Chile

Frutillar is a city and commune located in southern Chile in the Los Lagos Region. The bay of Frutillar is placed on the banks of Lake Llanquihue, the largest lake entirely within Chile. Frutillar is known as the "City of Music".

History[edit]

The city of Frutillar was founded by Vicente Pérez Rosales in 1856, after a period of clearing up the land and upon the arrival of German settlers from Hamburg in 1852 and other cities of Germany in sailing ships to the ports of Valdivia and Puerto Montt.

Vicente Perez Rosales on a later expedition towards the south of Valdivia changed the course of the incoming colony to Lake Llanquihue. Rosales was searching for more land for the German settlers, south of Valdivia, as many sailing ships were arriving to the port of Valdivia from Germany sent by Bernardo Philippi under the official colonisation program of Southern Chile. This program was granted by President Manuel Bulnes and executed by president of Chile Manuel Montt naming officially Vicente Perez Rosales the head of the German colonisation of Llanquihue, as a continuation of the initial efforts done by Bernard Philippi.

Rosales, reached the lake through the dense wild forest and climbed to Osorno Volcano and at the height of 2,000 meters he was able to see the ocean to the south where he saw sailing ships navigating. It was the chilotes from Chiloe that had been sailing in the inner waters of Puerto Montt since 1550 and came mainly from Galicia Spain, which has very similar climate conditions. He immediately informed this issue to the port of Valdivia and thus, from there on, the settlers started their incoming trough Puerto Montt and travelled by land to Puerto Varas where other ships would sail the shores of lake Llanquihue to Frutillar and Puerto Octay.

A quote of the time illustrates the discovery of lake Llanquihue during its first sighting by Philippi "The water of this lake is as clear as that of Geneva in Switzerland, its surface is about seven leagues long and one league wide, so I could not distinguish the opposite bank. On one hand, it has the snowy Alps, the Andes Mountain that rises from its eastern banks of a volcano covered with snow up to half of its height and goes into its waters." Bernardo Philippi 1842 This illustrates the period when Philippi discovers Lake Llanquihue and its similarity with Lake Geneva in Switzerland. This information was given to the German settler in order to describe them the beauty of the region. It took over 10 years to be able to bring all the settlers from Germany to Chile and establish the first colonisation program in Lake Llanquihue.[3]

Although Bernhard Eunom Philippi did its discovery in 1842, when he was exploring the region with the Chilean army, he brought the idea to the Chilean government that the Southern Region of Chile would be best developed by bringing German Settlers that were having a hard time in Germany with the industrial revolution and had plans to migrate to America. This opportunity to attract German families to immigrate to Chile had to be done. The combined effort of Bernhard Eunom Philippi with Vicente Perez Rosales, made the colonisation a reality and proved to be a success, as the region later was very well developed in agricultural and forestry, with European technology. Also German schools proved to be the best in the Southern region of Chile.

Local Attractions[edit]

The German Museum, Teatro del Lago, Cofradia Nautica de Frutillar and Patagonia Virgin are today's main attractions in Frutillar.

Teatro del Lago, Frutillar
Cofradia Nautica de Frutillar

The German Museum: The museum opens daily and it is located in the centre of Frutillar's Bay, one of the most beautiful touristic village of Lake Llanquihue. The German Colony that arrived to the city on 1856 build their houses, water mill, warehouse and gardens to live there, the decedents of these settlers decided to leave these buildings for a museum that shows the way they lived and it is decorated at the time. It is composed of a Garden, The machine warehouse, the water mill where they grind all seeds, and the main house that is located uphill with a great view to the Lake.

Teatro del Lago: Offers concerts all year round and it is located in the main coastal road of the bay. The theatre is considered the largest in the country and the best acoustic theatre ever built in South America. Every year the musical festival traditionally conducts a continuous 2 week concert, called Musical Festival or “Semanas Musicales” this takes place at the end of January and the first week of February in the theatre. This cultural activity brings thousand of visitors every year.

Cofradia Nautica de Frutillar - Yacht Club: Is the lake's largest and best equipped yacht club located in the bay 400 mts south of Teatro del Lago, along the coastal road of Frutillar Bay. The Club has activity all year; and promotes sailing in all categories. The yacht Club was established in 1986. There are 3 sailing schools in the bay that have been founded and promoted by “Cofradia”, also during the spring and summer the yacht club makes Regattas on the Bay and around the lake.

Patagonia Virgin: Is a new urban development that will have hotels, commerce, restaurants, golf course Nicklaus, apartments and houses, as well as trekking, polo and tennis. The village, which is at the foot of Patagonia Virgin, will have over 40 stores, shops and restaurants with wild forest and views to all four volcanoes accessing lake Llanquihue through the Frutillar Bay. It is located 200 mts south of Cofradia yacht club. [3]

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2002 census of the National Statistics Institute, Frutillar spans an area of 831.4 km2 (321 sq mi) and has 15,525 inhabitants (7,948 men and 7,577 women). Of these, 9,118 (58.7%) lived in urban areas and 6,407 (41.3%) in rural areas. The population grew by 18.4% (2,418 persons) between the 1992 and 2002 censuses.[2]

Administration[edit]

As a commune, Frutillar is a third-level administrative division of Chile administered by a municipal council, headed by an alcalde who is directly elected every four years. The 2008-2012 alcalde is Ramón Espinoza Sandoval (PS).[1]

Within the electoral divisions of Chile, Frutillar is represented in the Chamber of Deputies by Fidel Espinoza (PS) and Carlos Recondo (UDI) as part of the 56th electoral district, (together with Puyehue, Río Negro, Purranque, Puerto Octay, Fresia, Llanquihue, Puerto Varas and Los Muermos). The commune is represented in the Senate by Camilo Escalona Medina (PS) and Carlos Kuschel Silva (RN) as part of the 17th senatorial constituency (Los Lagos Region).

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Municipality of Frutillar" (in Spanish). Retrieved 19 January 2011. 
  2. ^ a b c d "National Statistics Institute" (in Spanish). Retrieved 16 January 2010. 
  3. ^ a b ISBN 978-956-310-774-6 Patagonia Chilena

External links[edit]