Génesis Carmona, Miss Turismo 2013 Carabobo, Venezuela
September 20, 1991|
|Died||February 19, 2014
|Occupation||model , student|
Génesis Carmona (20 September 1991 – 19 February 2014) was a Venezuelan fashion model, beauty queen, and college student who was killed while protesting against the Government of Venezuela during the 2014 Venezuelan protests. She later became a symbol of protest against the Nicolás Maduro government during the time of demonstrations in the country.
Born and educated in Carabobo, Carmona majored in Social Studies at Universidad Tecnológica del Centro, a local polytechnic located in Valencia's eastern satellite Alianza City, in the metropolitan capital region of the state of Carabobo in Venezuela. She had participated in fashion week activities held in the city of Valencia, an annual event known as Venezuela Moda. In 2013, as a 21-year-old, she entered a regional beauty contest for her native state of Carabobo, winning one of the titles and becoming crowned 2013 Miss Turismo Carabobo.
On 18 February 2014, Carmona participated in an anti-government demonstration. During the protest, clashes occurred between pro-government and anti-government individuals on Cedeño Avenue, which resulted in several protesters injured, 8 of those injured from gunshot wounds, including Carmona, who suffered a gunshot wound to the back of the head. Witnesses described that she sunk to the ground after a bullet penetrated her left occipital skull area. Carmona, who was still conscious but unresponsive, was transported to the Méndez War Clinic by a motorcyclist and her friend Gabriel Cegarra, who held her while riding on the back of the motorcycle. She was then placed in the ICU, where she died from "significant" brain damage due to gunshot trauma and loss of blood the following day.
Media and family response
In an interview with Spanish newspaper ABC, Carmona's friend and fellow protester Héctor Rotunda said Carmona was shot when a group of about 50 individuals outfitted in red (and thus believed to be government supporters) approached the demonstration and fired a burst of about 10 rounds at protesters. Mourners at Carmona's funeral stated she was "killed by government mercenaries." Some foreign news sources said that pro-government paramilitaries were the ones who shot and killed her. Carmona's mother has also stated that the attackers were clearly identifiable in videos as Venezuelan government supporters and that Venezuelan authorities did "nothing" to clarify Carmona's death, only placing on PSUV member on parole.
Some have blamed Francisco Ameliach for Carmona's death. Days before Carmona was killed, the governor of the state of Carabobo, Francisco Ameliach, called on Unidades de Batalla Bolívar-Chávez (Battle Units Hugo Chavez, UBCh), in a tweet, asking UBCh to launch a rapid counterattack against protesters saying that the order would come from the President of the National Assembly, Diosdado Cabello. After Carmona's death, Venezuela's anti-government protesters placed posters in various areas of Valencia, condemning Ameliach's tweet and linked it to the killing of Carmona.
Venezuelan government's response
The President of Venezuela, Nicolás Maduro, expressed his condolences to Carmona's family and to the people who loved her. He also said that it had been "well-established" by the government's CIPC ballistic research and witnesses that violent groups from the opposition were responsible for her death. Minister of the Interior, Miguel Rodríguez Torres, reported that the bullet that killed her came from her own ranks during the anti-government march.
Mayor Alejandro Feo La Cruz paid tribute to those who had died during protests in Carabobo, naming an avenue "Genesis Carmona Avenue" and named a park after another protester, Geraldin Moreno.
- Sim, David (20 February 2014). "Genesis Carmona: Beauty Queen Shot Dead in Venezuela, Becomes Symbol of Protest". International Business Times. Retrieved 9 July 2014.
- Mandel, Ken (21 February 2014). "Genesis Carmona, Beauty Queen Killed in Venezuela, Becomes Face of Unrest Read Latest Breaking News from Newsmax.com http://www.newsmax.com/TheWire/genesis-carmona-dies-venezuela-beauty-queen/2014/02/21/id/554051#ixzz36veco5ii Urgent: Should Obamacare Be Repealed? Vote Here Now!". NewsMax. Retrieved 9 July 2014.
- Walters, Joanna (20 February 2014). "Beauty queen shot dead amid unrest in Venezuela". The Telegraph. Retrieved 9 July 2014.
- "Una bala fulminó a Miss Turismo Carabobo 2013". El Universal.mx (in Spanish) (Mexico City, Mexico). 20 February 2014. Retrieved 20 February 2014.
- "Muere Génesis Carmona, la miss que resultó herida en las manifestaticiones contra Maduro [trans. "Génesis Carmona Dies, the Miss [Beauty Pageant Winner] Who Was Injured in the Street Demonstrations Against [President Nicolas] Maduro]"". ABC.es/Reuters (in Spanish) (Madrid, Spain). 19 February 2014. Retrieved 20 February 2014.
- Rodriguez, Marianela (18 February 2014). "Al menos 8 heridos de bala en manifestaciones de Valencia". El Universal. Retrieved 12 July 2014.
- Fiaschi, M. (18 February 2014). "Reportan varios heridos en marcha que se realizó en la avenida Cedeño de Valencia". Noticias 24 Carabobo. Retrieved 12 July 2014.
- "Con flores y misa, carabobeños recuerdan hoy a Génesis Carmona a un mes de su muerte". Noticias24.com. March 19, 2014. Retrieved 20 June 2014.
- "Génesis Carmona, Miss Tourism 2013, is dead after being shot in protest". El Universal (in Spanish). 19 February 2014. Retrieved 20 June 2014.
- Sexton, John (24 February 2014). "Man Who Carried Fatally Injured Beauty Queen Says Chavistas Shot Her". BreitBart. Retrieved 13 July 2014.
- "Falleció Miss Turismo 2013 herida de bala ayer en Valencia" [Miss Tourism 2013 shot yesterday in Valencia died]. El Nacional (in Spanish). 19 February 2014. Retrieved 19 February 2014.
- "Venezuelans mourn slain beauty queen as more protests planned". CBS News online portal. AP. February 21, 2014. Retrieved March 16, 2014.
- "Morre miss baleada durante protests na Venezuela [trans. A Beauty Queen Dies During Protests in Venezuela]". Gazeta do Povo do Paraná (in Portuguese) (Paraná, Brazil). 19 February 2014. Retrieved 21 February 2014.
- "Muerte de Génesis Carmona: chavista había incitado la violencia". El Comercio. 19 February 2014. Retrieved 25 February 2014.
- "Una miss venezolana muere tras recibir un disparo en una protesta". El Mundo. 19 February 2014. Retrieved 25 February 2014.
- "Murió la reina de belleza atacada por las milicias chavistas" [The beauty queen attacked by Chavist militia died]. Infobae (in Spanish). 19 February 2014. Retrieved 25 February 2014.
- Ferreiro, Ignacio (19 February 2014). "Génesis Carmona, Miss Carabobo, asesinada por las milicias chavistas" [Génesis Carmona, Miss Carabobo, Assassinated by the Chavist militia]. Hechos de Hoy (in Spanish). Retrieved 25 February 2014.
- Rozo, Diego (21 February 2014). "Unos moteros chavistas asesinaron a la miss venezolana Génesis Carmona" [Some Chavist motorcyclists assassinated the Venezuelan miss Génesis Carmona]. ABC (Spanish News) (in Spanish). Retrieved 25 February 2014.
- "Venezuela: Chavistas mataron a reina de belleza Génesis Carmona" [Venezuela: Chavists killed the beauty queen Génesis Carmona] (VIDEO). Ojo (in Spanish). 20 February 2014. Retrieved 25 February 2014.
- "Madre de Génesis Carmona se exilia en EEUU". El Universal. 10 December 2014. Retrieved 6 January 2015.
- "Punished for Protesting" (PDF). Human Rights Watch.
- "A dos meses del asesinato de Génesis Carmona, venezolanos piden justicia (Foto)". La Patilla. 19 April 2014. Retrieved 9 July 2014.
- "Nicolás Maduro y Génesis Carmona: “Nuestras condolencias a su familia”". El-Nacional. 20 February 2014. Retrieved 20 June 2014.
- "'La bala que mató a Miss Turismo salió de sus propias filas', dice ministro venezolano". CNN Español. CNN. 21 February 2014. Retrieved 20 June 2014.
- "Inauguran Av. Génesis Carmona y Parque Geraldin Moreno en Valencia (Fotos)". La Patilla. 6 March 2014. Retrieved 9 July 2014.
- Newspaper gallery of 15 pictures, from 18 February 2014 in Valencia, Carabobo, Venezuela, including pictures of Génesis Carmona being ferried to the hospital on a motorcycle, and thereafter being wheeled on a stretcher, Gazeta.pl, Wiadomośći (News) section, (Warsaw, Poland), 20 February 2014; last accessed 20 February 2014 (in Polish)