Gaston Leroux

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
For other people named Gaston Leroux, see Gaston Leroux (disambiguation).
Gaston Leroux
G. LEROUX.jpg
Leroux in 1907
Born Gaston Louis Alfred Leroux
(1868-05-06)6 May 1868
Paris, France
Died 15 April 1927(1927-04-15) (aged 58)
Nice, France
Occupation Journalist and Author

Gaston Louis Alfred Leroux (6 May 1868[1] – 15 April 1927) was a French journalist and author of detective fiction.

In the English-speaking world, he is best known for writing the novel The Phantom of the Opera (Le Fantôme de l'Opéra, 1911), which has been made into several film and stage productions of the same name, notably the 1925 film starring Lon Chaney, and Andrew Lloyd Webber's 1986 musical. His novel The Mystery of the Yellow Room is also one of the most famous locked room mysteries ever

Biography[edit]

Leroux was born in Paris in 1868. He went to school in Normandy and studied law in Paris, graduating in 1889. He inherited millions of francs and lived wildly until he nearly reached bankruptcy. In 1890 he began working as a court reporter and theater critic for L'Écho de Paris. His most important journalism came when he began working as an international correspondent for the Paris newspaper Le Matin. He was present at, and covered, the 1905 Russian Revolution.

Another case at which he was present involved the investigation and in-depth coverage of the former Paris Opera (presently housing the Paris Ballet).[2] The basement contained a cell that held prisoners of the Paris Commune.

He suddenly left journalism in 1907, and began writing fiction. In 1919, he and Arthur Bernède formed their own film company, Société des Cinéromans to publish novels simultaneously and turn them into films. He first wrote a mystery novel entitled Le mystère de la chambre jaune (1908; The Mystery of the Yellow Room), starring the amateur detective Joseph Rouletabille. Leroux's contribution to French detective fiction is considered a parallel to Sir Arthur Conan Doyle's in the United Kingdom and Edgar Allan Poe's in the United States.

Leroux published his most famous work, The Phantom of the Opera, as a serial in 1909 and 1910 and as a book in 1911.

Novels[edit]

The Adventures of Rouletabille[edit]

  • 1907 - Le mystère de la chambre jaune (English translation: The Mystery of the Yellow Room, 1907; Rouletabille and The Mystery of the Yellow Room, 2009, translated by Jean-Marc Lofficier & Randy Lofficier, ISBN 978-1-934543-60-3)
  • 1908 - Le parfum de la dame en noir (English translation: The Perfume of the Lady in Black, 1908)
  • 1913 - Rouletabille chez le Tsar (Rouletabille and the Tsar; English translation: The Secret of the Night, 1914)
  • 1914 - Rouletabille à la guerre (Rouletabille at War) consisting of
    • Le château noir (The Black Castle; English translation: The Slave Bangle, 1925; The Phantom Clue, 1926, translated by Hannaford Bennett)
    • Les étranges noces de Rouletabille (The Strange Wedding of Rouletabille; English translation: The Sleuth Hound [UK], 1926; The Octopus of Paris [US], 1927, translated by Hannaford Bennett)
  • 1917 - Rouletabille chez Krupp (English translation: Rouletabille at Krupp's, 2013, by Brian Stableford, ISBN 978-1-61227-144-6)
  • 1921 - Le crime de Rouletabille (The Crime of Rouletabille)
  • 1922 - Rouletabille chez les Bohémiens (Rouletabille and the Gypsies)

Chéri Bibi[edit]

  • Première Aventures de Chéri-Bibi (1913, English translations: The Floating Prison [UK] and Wolves of the Sea [US], 1923)
  • Chéri-Bibi et Cécily (1916, English translations: Missing Men: The Return of Cheri-Bibi [US], Cheri-Bibi and Cecily [UK], 1923)
  • Nouvelles Aventures de Chéri-Bibi (1921, English translations: Part I - The Dark Road, 1924; Part II - The Dancing Girl [UK], Nomads of the Night [US], 1925)
  • Le Coup d'État de Chéri-Bibi (1926, English translation: The New Idol, 1928)

Other novels[edit]

Still of Lon Chaney in The Phantom of the Opera (1925)
  • La double vie de Théophraste Longuet (1903, English translations: The Double Life, 1909 [unsigned expurgated translation]; The Man with the Black Feather, 1912, the latter only translated by Edgar Jepson)
  • Le roi mystère (1908)
  • Le fauteuil hanté (1909, English translation: The Haunted Chair, 1931)
  • Un homme dans la nuit (1910)
  • La reine de Sabbat (1910, English translation: The Missing Archduke [UK], 1931)
  • Le fantôme de l'Opéra (1910, English translation: The Phantom of the Opera, 1911)
  • Balaoo (1911, English translation: Balaoo, 1913)
  • L' épouse du soleil (1912, English translation: The Bride of the Sun, 1915)
  • La colonne infernale (1916)
  • Confitou (1916)
  • L' homme qui revient de loin (1916, English translation: The Man who Came Back from the Dead, 1916)
  • Le capitaine Hyx (1917, English translation: The Amazing Adventures of Carolus Herbert, 1922)
  • La bataille invisible (1917, English translation: The Veiled Prisoner [UK], 1923)
  • Tue-la-mort (1920, English translation: The Masked Man, 1929)
  • Le coeur cambriolé (1920, English translation: The Burgled Heart, 1925; The New Terror, 1926)
  • Le sept de trèfle (1921)
  • La poupée sanglante (1923, English translations: The Kiss That Killed, 1934)
  • La machine à assassiner (1923, English translation: The Machine to Kill, 1934)
  • Les ténébreuses: La fin d'un monde & du sang sur la Néva (1924)
  • Hardis-Gras ou le fils des trois pères (1924, English translation: The Son of 3 Fathers, 1927)
  • La Farouche Aventure (serialized in "Le Journal" as La Coquette punie, 1924; English translation: The Adventures of a Coquette, 1926)
  • La Mansarde en or (1925)
  • Les Mohicans de Babel (1926)
  • Mister Flow (1927, English translations: Part I as The Man of a Hundred Faces [USA] and The Queen of Crime [UK], 1930; Part II as Lady Helena, or The Mysterious Lady [USA], 1931)
  • Les Chasseurs de danses (1927)
  • Pouloulou (1990, posthumous)

Short stories[edit]

Gaston Leroux's "Not'olympe" was translated into English as "The Mystery of the Four Husbands" and published in the December 1929 issue of Weird Tales.
  • 1887 - "Le petit marchand de pommes de terre frites"
  • 1902 - "Les trois souhaits"
  • 1907 - "Baïouchki baïou"
  • 1908 - "L'homme qui a vu le diable" (English translation: "In Letters of Fire", 1908)
  • 1911 - "Le dîner des bustes" (English translation: "A Terrible Tale", 1925)
  • 1912 - "La hache d'or" (English translation: "The Gold Axe", 1925)
  • 1924 - "Le Noël du petit Vincent-Vincent" (English translation: "The Crime on Christmas Night", 1930)
  • 1924 - "La femme au collier de velours" (English translation: "The Woman with the Velvet Collar", 1929)
  • 1924 - "Not'olympe" (English translation: "The Mystery of the Four Husbands", 1929)

Plays[edit]

  • 1909 - "Le lys"


References[edit]

External links[edit]