Andrew Lloyd Webber

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The Lord Lloyd-Webber
AndrewLloydWebber3.png
Lloyd Webber in 2007
Born Andrew Lloyd Webber
(1948-03-22) 22 March 1948 (age 66)
Kensington, London, England
Nationality British
Alma mater Westminster School
Royal College of Music
Occupation Composer, panellist, television personality,
businessman, songwriter, theatre director
Years active 1965–present
Notable work(s) See below and
Discography
Spouse(s) Sarah Hugill (m. 197183)
(divorced)
Sarah Brightman (m. 198490)
(divorced)
Madeleine Gurdon (m. 1991)
Children The Hon. Imogen (born 1977)
The Hon. Nicholas (born 1979)
The Hon. Alastair Adam (born 1992)
The Hon. William Richard (born 1993)
The Hon. Isabella Aurora (born 1996)
Parents William Lloyd Webber (1914–1982)
Jean Hermione Lloyd Webber (née Johnstone, 1921–1993)
Relatives Julian Lloyd Webber (brother)
Awards
Website
AndrewLloydWebber.com

Andrew Lloyd Webber, Baron Lloyd-Webber[1][2] (born 22 March 1948) is an English composer and impresario of musical theatre.[3]

Several of his musicals have run for more than a decade both in the West End and on Broadway. He has composed 13 musicals, a song cycle, a set of variations, two film scores, and a Latin Requiem Mass. He has also gained a number of honours, including a knighthood in 1992,[4] followed by a peerage from Queen Elizabeth II for services to Music, seven Tony Awards, three Grammy Awards, an Academy Award, fourteen Ivor Novello Awards, seven Olivier Awards, a Golden Globe Award, and the Kennedy Center Honors in 2006.[5][6] He has a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame, is an inductee into the Songwriter's Hall of Fame, and is a fellow of the British Academy of Songwriters, Composers and Authors.[7]

Several of his songs have been widely recorded and were hits outside of their parent musicals, notably "The Music of the Night" from The Phantom of the Opera, "I Don't Know How to Love Him" from Jesus Christ Superstar, "Don't Cry for Me, Argentina" and "You Must Love Me" from Evita, "Any Dream Will Do" from Joseph and the Amazing Technicolor Dreamcoat and "Memory" from Cats.

His company, the Really Useful Group, is one of the largest theatre operators in London. Producers in several parts of the UK have staged productions, including national tours, of the Lloyd Webber musicals under licence from the Really Useful Group. Lloyd Webber is also the president of the Arts Educational Schools London, a prestigious performing arts school located in Chiswick, West London.

Early life[edit]

Westminster School

Andrew Lloyd Webber was born in Kensington, London, the elder son of William Lloyd Webber (1914–1982), a composer and organist, and Jean Hermione (née Johnstone; 1921–1993), a violinist and pianist.[8] His younger brother, Julian Lloyd Webber, is a renowned solo cellist.

Lloyd Webber started writing his own music at a young age, a suite of six pieces at the age of nine. He also put on "productions" with Julian and his Aunt Viola in his toy theatre (which he built at Viola's suggestion). Later, he would be the owner of a number of West End theatres, including the Palace. His aunt Viola, an actress, took him to see many of her shows and through the stage door into the world of the theatre. He also had originally set music to Old Possum's Book of Practical Cats at the age of 15.

In 1965, Lloyd Webber was a Queen's Scholar at Westminster School and studied history for a term at Magdalen College, Oxford, although he abandoned the course in Winter 1965 to study at the Royal College of Music and pursue his interest in musical theatre.[9][10]

Professional career[edit]

Early years[edit]

Lloyd Webber's first collaboration with lyricist Tim Rice was The Likes of Us, a musical based on the true story of Thomas John Barnardo. Although composed in 1965, it was not publicly performed until 2005, when a production was staged at Lloyd Webber's Sydmonton Festival. In 2008, amateur rights were released by the National Operatic and Dramatic Association (NODA) in association with the Really Useful Group. The first amateur performance was by a children's theatre group in Cornwall called "Kidz R Us". Stylistically, The Likes of Us is fashioned after the Broadway musical of the '40s and '50s; it opens with a traditional overture comprising a medley of tunes from the show, and the score reflects some of Lloyd Webber's early influences, particularly Richard Rodgers, Frederick Loewe, and Lionel Bart. In this respect, it is markedly different from the composer's later work, which tends to be either predominantly or wholly through-composed, and closer in form to opera than to the Broadway musical.

In 1968, Rice and Lloyd Webber were commissioned to write a piece for the Colet Court preparatory school, which resulted in Joseph and the Amazing Technicolor Dreamcoat, a retelling of the biblical story of Joseph in which Lloyd Webber and Rice humorously pastiche a number of musical styles such as Elvis-style rock'n'roll, Calypso and country music. Joseph began life as a short cantata that gained some recognition on its second staging with a favourable review in The Times. For its subsequent performances, Rice and Lloyd Webber revised the show and added new songs to expand it to a more substantial length. This culminated in a two-hour long production being staged in the West End on the back of the success of Jesus Christ Superstar.

In 1969 Rice and Lloyd Webber wrote a song for the Eurovision Song Contest called "Try It and See," which was not selected. With rewritten lyrics it became "King Herod's Song" in their third musical, Jesus Christ Superstar (1970).

The planned follow-up to Jesus Christ Superstar was a musical comedy based on the Jeeves and Wooster novels by P. G. Wodehouse. Tim Rice was uncertain about this venture, partly because of his concern that he might not be able to do justice to the novels that he and Lloyd Webber so admired.[11] After doing some initial work on the lyrics, he pulled out of the project and Lloyd Webber subsequently wrote the musical with Alan Ayckbourn, who provided the book and lyrics. Jeeves failed to make any impact at the box office and closed after a short run of only three weeks. Many years later, Lloyd Webber and Ayckbourn revisited this project, producing a thoroughly reworked and more successful version entitled By Jeeves (1996). Only two of the songs from the original production remained ("Half a Moment" and "Banjo Boy").

Mid-1970s[edit]

Lloyd Webber collaborated with Rice once again to write Evita (1978 in London/1979 in U.S.), a musical based on the life of Eva Perón. As with Jesus Christ Superstar, Evita was released first as a concept album (1976) and featured Julie Covington singing the part of Eva Perón. The song "Don't Cry for Me Argentina" became a hit single and the musical was staged at the Prince Edward Theatre in a production directed by Harold Prince and starring Elaine Paige in the title role.

Patti LuPone created the role of Eva on Broadway for which she won a Tony. Evita was a highly successful show that ran for ten years in the West End. It transferred to Broadway in 1979. Rice and Lloyd Webber parted ways soon after Evita. In an interview in 2011, LuPone commented "He writes crap music... Evita was his best score, Evita in its bizarreness - when I first heard it I thought 'I swear to God, he hated women' [...] There are some very romantic moments in his music, and there is some real...trash that he doesn't even think about parting with. He's not a very good editor of his own stuff."[12]

In 1978, Lloyd Webber embarked on a solo project, the "Variations", with his cellist brother Julian based on the 24th Caprice by Paganini, which reached number two in the pop album chart in the United Kingdom. The main theme was used as the theme tune for ITV's long-running South Bank Show throughout its 32-year run.

1980s[edit]

Lloyd Webber was the subject of This Is Your Life in November 1980 when he was surprised by Eamonn Andrews in the foyer of Thames Television's Euston Road Studios. He would be honoured a second time by the television programme in November 1994 when Michael Aspel surprised him at the Adelphi Theatre.

Lloyd Webber embarked on his next project without a lyricist, turning instead to the poetry of T. S. Eliot. Cats (1981) was to become the longest running musical in London, where it ran for 21 years before closing. On Broadway, Cats ran for eighteen years, a record which would ultimately be broken by another Lloyd Webber musical, The Phantom of the Opera.[13][14]

Starlight Express (1984) was a commercial hit, but received negative reviews from the critics. It enjoyed a record run in the West End, but ran for less than two years on Broadway. The show has also seen two tours of the US, as well as an Australian/Japanese production, a three-year UK touring production, which transferred to New Zealand later in 2009. The show also runs full-time in a custom-built theatre in Bochum, Germany, where it has been running since 1988.

Lloyd Webber wrote a Requiem Mass dedicated to his father, William, who had died in 1982. It premiered at St. Thomas Church in New York on 24 February 1985. Church music had been a part of the composer's upbringing and the composition was inspired by an article he had read about the plight of Cambodian orphans. Lloyd Webber had on a number of occasions written sacred music for the annual Sydmonton Festival.[15] Lloyd Webber received a Grammy Award in 1986 for Requiem in the category of best classical composition. Pie Jesu from Requiem achieved a high placing on the UK pop charts. Perhaps because of its large orchestration, live performances of the Requiem are rare.

Cricket (1986), also called Cricket (Hearts and Wickets), reunited Lloyd Webber with Tim Rice to create this short musical for Queen Elizabeth's 60th birthday, first performed at Windsor Castle. Several of the tunes were later used for Aspects of Love and Sunset Boulevard.

Lloyd Webber also premiered The Phantom of the Opera in 1986, inspired by the 1911 Gaston Leroux novel. He wrote the part of Christine for his then-wife, Sarah Brightman, who played the role in the original London and Broadway productions alongside Michael Crawford as the Phantom. The production was directed by Harold Prince, who had also earlier directed Evita. Charles Hart wrote the lyrics for Phantom with some additional material provided by Richard Stilgoe, with whom Lloyd-Webber co-wrote the book of the musical. It became a hit and is still running in both the West End and on Broadway; in January 2006 it overtook Cats as the longest-running musical on Broadway. On 11 February 2012, Phantom of the Opera played its 10,000th show on Broadway.[14]

Aspects of Love followed in 1989, a musical based on the story by David Garnett. The lyrics were by Don Black and Charles Hart and the original production was directed by Trevor Nunn. Aspects had a run of four years in London, but closed after less than a year on Broadway. It has since gone on a tour of the UK.

1990s[edit]

Lloyd Webber was asked to write a song for the 1992 Barcelona Olympics and composed "Amigos Para Siempre — Friends for Life" with Don Black providing the lyrics. This song was performed by Sarah Brightman and José Carreras.

Lloyd Webber had toyed with the idea of writing a musical based on Billy Wilder's critically acclaimed movie, Sunset Boulevard, since the early 1970s when he saw the film, but the project didn't come to fruition until after the completion of Aspects of Love when the composer finally managed to secure the rights from Paramount Pictures,[16] The composer worked with two collaborators, as he had done on Aspects of Love; this time Christopher Hampton and Don Black shared equal credit for the book and lyrics. The show opened at the Adelphi Theatre in London on 12 July 1993, and ran for 1,529 performances. In spite of the show's popularity and extensive run in London's West End, it lost money due to the sheer expense of the production.

In 1994, Sunset Boulevard became a successful Broadway show, opening with the largest advance in Broadway history, and winning seven Tony Awards that year. Even so, by its closing in 1997, "it had not recouped its reported $13 million investment."[17]

In 1998, Lloyd Webber released a film version of "Cats", which was filmed at the Adelphi Theatre in London. David Mallet directed the film, and Gillian Lynne choreographed the film. The cast consisted of performers who had been in the show before, including Ken Page (Original Old Deuteronomy on Broadway) as Old Deuteronomy, Elaine Paige (Original Grizabella in London) and Sir John Mills as Gus: the Theatre Cat.

In 1998 Whistle Down the Wind made its debut, a musical written with lyrics supplied by rock legend Jim Steinman. Originally opening in Washington, Lloyd Webber was reportedly not happy with the casting or Harold Prince's production and the show was subsequently revised for a London staging directed by Gale Edwards, the production is probably most notable for the number-one hit from Boyzone "No Matter What" which left only the UK charts when the price of the CD single was changed to drop it out of the official top ten. His The Beautiful Game opened in London and has never been seen on Broadway. The show had a respectable run at The Cambridge Theatre in London. The show has been re-worked into a new musical, The Boys in the Photograph, which had its world première at The Liverpool Institute for Performing Arts in April 2008.

2000s[edit]

Having achieved great popular success in musical theatre, Lloyd Webber was referred to by The New York Times in 2001 as "the most commercially successful composer in history."[18]

On 16 September 2004, his production of The Woman in White opened at the Palace Theatre in London. It ran for 19 months and 500 performances. A revised production opened on Broadway at the Marquis Theatre on 17 November 2005. Garnering mixed reviews from critics, due in part to the frequent absences of the show's star Maria Friedman due to breast cancer treatment, it closed only a brief three months later on 19 February 2006.

Lloyd Webber produced a staging of The Sound of Music, which débuted November 2006. He made the controversial decision to choose an unknown to play leading lady Maria, who was found through the BBC's reality television show How Do You Solve a Problem like Maria?, in which he was a judge.[19] The winner of the show was Connie Fisher.

It was announced on 25 August 2006, on his personal website, that his next project would be The Master and Margarita (Lloyd Webber has stated that the project will most likely be an opera rather than a musical), however it was announced in late March 2007 that he had abandoned the project.[20]

Then U.S. President George W. Bush and First Lady Laura Bush stand with the Kennedy Center honourees in the Blue Room of the White House during a reception Sunday, 3 December 2006. From left, they are: singer and songwriter William "Smokey" Robinson; Andrew Lloyd Webber; country singer Dolly Parton; film director Steven Spielberg; and conductor Zubin Mehta.

In September 2006, Lloyd Webber was named to be a recipient of the prestigious Kennedy Center Honors with Zubin Mehta, Dolly Parton, Steven Spielberg, and Smokey Robinson. He was recognised for his outstanding contribution to American performing arts.[21] He attended the ceremony on 3 December 2006; it aired on 26 December 2006. On 11 February 2007, Lloyd Webber was featured as a guest judge on the reality television show Grease: You're the One that I Want![22] The contestants all sang "The Phantom of the Opera".

Between April and June 2007, he appeared in BBC One's Any Dream Will Do!, which followed the same format as How Do You Solve a Problem Like Maria?. Its aim was to find a new Joseph for his revival of Joseph and the Amazing Technicolor Dreamcoat. Lee Mead won the contest after quitting his part in the ensemble – and as understudy in The Phantom of the Opera – to compete for the role. Viewers' telephone voting during the series raised more than £500,000 for the BBC's annual Children in Need charity appeal, according to host Graham Norton on air during the final. On 1 July 2007, Lloyd Webber presented excerpts from his musicals as part of the Concert for Diana organised to celebrate the life of Diana, Princess of Wales.

The BBC Radio 2 broadcast a concert of music from the Lloyd-Webber musicals on 24 August 2007.[23] Denise Van Outen introduced songs from Whistle Down the Wind, The Beautiful Game, Tell Me on a Sunday, The Woman in White, Evita and Joseph and the Amazing Technicolor Dreamcoat – as well as Rodgers and Hammerstein's The Sound of Music, which Webber revived in 2006 at the London Palladium and 2002's Lloyd Webber-produced Bollywood-style musical Bombay Dreams by A. R. Rahman and Don Black.

In April 2008, Lloyd Webber reprised his role as judge, this time in the BBC musical talent show I'd Do Anything. The show followed a similar format to its Maria and Joseph predecessors, this time involving a search for an actress to play the role of Nancy in an upcoming West End production of the Lionel Bart musical Oliver! The show also featured a search for three young actors to play and share the title character's role, but the show's main focus was on the search for Nancy. The role was won by Jodie Prenger despite Lloyd Webber's stated preference for one of the other contestants; the winners of the Oliver role were Harry Stott, Gwion Wyn-Jones and Laurence Jeffcoate. Also in April 2008. Lloyd Webber was featured on the U.S. talent show American Idol, acting as a mentor when the 6 finalists had to select one of Lloyd Webber's songs to perform for the judges that week.[24]

Lloyd Webber and the UK's Eurovision entrant Jade Ewen
Lloyd Webber and Russian President Vladimir Putin prior to the 2009 Eurovision Song Contest held in Moscow

Lloyd Webber accepted the challenge of managing the UK's entry for the 2009 Eurovision Song Contest, to be held in Moscow. In early 2009 a series, called Eurovision: Your Country Needs You, was broadcast to find a performer for a song that he would compose for the competition. Jade Ewen won the right to represent Britain, winning with It's My Time, by Lloyd Webber and Diane Warren. At the contest, Lloyd Webber accompanied her on the piano during the performance. The United Kingdom finished 5th in the contest. The winner was Norway's Alexander Rybak with his world record composition "Fairytale".[25]

On 8 October 2009, Lloyd Webber launched the musical Love Never Dies at a press conference held at Her Majesty's Theatre, where the original Phantom has been running since 1986. Also present were Sierra Boggess, who has been cast as Christine Daaé, and Ramin Karimloo, who portrayed Phantom, a role he most recently played in the West End.

2010s[edit]

Following the opening of Love Never Dies, Lloyd Webber again began a search for a new musical theatre performer in the BBC One series Over the Rainbow. He cast the winner, Danielle Hope, in the role of Dorothy and a dog to play Toto in his forthcoming stage production of The Wizard of Oz. He and lyricist and composer Tim Rice wrote a number of new songs for the production to supplement the songs from the film.[26]

On 26 February 2010, he appeared on BBC's Friday Night with Jonathan Ross to promote Love Never Dies.

On 1 March 2011, The Wizard of Oz opened at The Palladium Theatre, starring Danielle Hope as Dorothy and Michael Crawford as the Wizard.

In 2012 Lloyd Webber fronted a new ITV primetime show Superstar which gave the UK public the chance to decide who would play the starring role of Jesus in an upcoming arena tour of Jesus Christ Superstar. The arena tour started in September 2012 and also starred comedian Tim Minchin as Judas Iscariot, former Spice Girl Melanie C as Mary Magdalene and BBC Radio 1 DJ Chris Moyles as King Herod.[27] Tickets for most venues went on sale on 18 May 2012.

Webber caused controversy with a series of comments about Eurovision in a Radio Times interview. He said: "I dont think there's any point in beating around the bush. I saw no black faces on the programme (Eurovision 2012). I was questioned by the press over Jade Ewen's race, and I think we would have placed second, but there is a problem when you go further east. If you're talking about Western Europe it's fine, but Ukraine, not so good." The EBU corrected Webber, telling him Ukraine's singer Gaitana was black, that year's winner Loreen for Sweden was of North African background and accompanied by a black backing dancer, and France's contestant Anggun was Indonesian. The contest organisers also told Webber that black singer Dave Benton won for Estonia in 2001. The EBU thoroughly denied racism in its show, and insisted it unites Europe for three nights in a year.

In 2013, Webber reunited with Christopher Hampton and Don Black on Stephen Ward the Musical.[28]

In 2014, it was announced that Webber's next project shall be a musical adaptation of the 2003 film School of Rock.[29] At present, no further information regarding cast or collaborators have been given.[30]

Accusations of plagiarism[edit]

Lloyd Webber has been accused of plagiarism in his works. The Dutch composer Louis Andriessen commented that: "There are two sorts of stealing (in music) - taking something and doing nothing with it, or going to work on what you've stolen. The first is plagiarism. Andrew Lloyd Webber has yet to think up a single note; in fact, the poor guy's never invented one note by himself. That's rather poor".[31]

However, Lloyd Webber's biographer, John Snelson, countered such accusations. He acknowledged a similarity between the Andante movement of Mendelssohn's Violin Concerto in E minor and the Jesus Christ Superstar song "I Don't Know How to Love Him", but wrote that Lloyd Webber:

...brings a new dramatic tension to Mendelssohn's original melody through the confused emotions of Mary Magdalene. The opening theme may be Mendelssohn, but the rhythmic and harmonic treatment along with new lines of highly effective melodic development are Lloyd Webber's. The song works in its own right as its many performers and audiences can witness.[31]

Lloyd Webber, fearing that the tune of "Memory" sounded too similar to a work of Puccini, and the opening – the haunting main theme – also resembles the flute solo in The Mamas & the Papas' 1965 song "California Dreamin'", asked his father's opinion. According to Lloyd Webber, his father responded, "It sounds like a million dollars!"[3]

In interviews promoting Amused to Death, Roger Waters, formerly of Pink Floyd, claimed that Lloyd Webber had copied a short chromatic riff from the 1971 song "Echoes" for sections of The Phantom of the Opera, released in 1986; nevertheless, he decided he did not want to file a lawsuit.[32] The songwriter Ray Repp also claimed that Lloyd Webber stole a different melody from his own song "Till You". Unlike Roger Waters, Ray Repp did decide to file a lawsuit, but the court ruled in Lloyd Webber's favour.[33]

The Program Guide for the San Francisco Opera's performance (2009–2010 season) of Puccini's Girl of the Golden West states (p. 42):

"The climactic phrase in Dick Johnson's aria, "Quello che tacete," bears a strong resemblance to a similar phrase in the Phantom's song, "Music of the Night," in Lloyd Webber's 1986 musical The Phantom of the Opera. Following the musical's success, the Puccini estate filed suit against Lloyd Webber, accusing him of plagiarism, and the suit was settled out of court."[34]

Personal life[edit]

Lloyd Webber in 2008

Lloyd Webber has married three times. First, he married Sarah Hugill on 24 July 1971, but they divorced on 14 November 1983. Together they had two children, a daughter and a son:

He then married singer/dancer Sarah Brightman on 22 March 1984 in Hampshire. He cast Brightman in the lead role in his musical The Phantom of the Opera. This marriage did not produce any children, and they divorced on 3 January 1990.

Thirdly, he married Madeleine Gurdon in Westminster on 9 February 1991. They have three children, two sons and one daughter, all of whom were born in Westminster:

  • Hon. Alastair Adam Lloyd Webber (born 3 May 1992)
  • Hon. William Richard Lloyd Webber (born 24 August 1993)
  • Hon. Isabella Aurora Lloyd Webber (born 30 April 1996).[35]

The Sunday Times Rich List 2006 ranked him the 87th-richest man in Britain with an estimated fortune of £700 million. His wealth increased to £750 million in 2007, but the publication ranked him 101st in 2008.[36] He lives at Sydmonton Court, Hampshire, and owns much of nearby Watership Down. Lloyd Webber is an art collector, with a passion for Victorian art. An exhibition of works from his collection was presented at the Royal Academy in 2003 under the title Pre-Raphaelite and Other Masters – The Andrew Lloyd Webber Collection. He is also a devoted supporter of Leyton Orient Football Club.

Politically, Lloyd Webber has supported the UK's Conservative Party, allowing his song "Take That Look Off Your Face" to be used on a party promotional film seen by an estimated 1 million people in 80 cinemas before the 2005 UK General Election to accompany pictures of Prime Minister Tony Blair allegedly "smirking", the party said.[37] In 2009, he publicly criticised the Labour government's introduction of a new 50 per cent rate of income tax on Britain's top earners, claiming it would damage the country by encouraging talented people to leave.[38] In August 2014, Lloyd Webber was one of 200 public figures who were signatories to a letter to The Guardian opposing Scottish independence in the run-up to September's referendum on that issue.[39]

In late 2009, Lloyd Webber had surgery for early-stage prostate cancer,[40] but had to be readmitted to hospital with post-operative infection in November. In January 2010, he declared he was cancer-free.[41] He had his prostate completely removed as a preventative measure.[42]

As of March 2010, Lloyd Webber decided to sell Portrait of Angel Fernández de Soto by Pablo Picasso art to benefit the Andrew Lloyd Webber Foundation.[43] In 2006, he withdrew the painting from auction after a claim that the previous owner was forced to sell it under duress in Nazi Germany.[44] An out-of-court settlement was reached, where the foundation retained ownership rights.[45] On 23 June 2010, the painting was sold at auction for £34.7 million to an anonymous telephone bidder.[46]

Honours[edit]

Andrew Lloyd Webber was knighted by Elizabeth II in 1992.[47] In 1997, the Queen created him a life peer as Baron Lloyd-Webber, of Sydmonton in the County of Hampshire.[48] He is properly styled as The Lord Lloyd-Webber; the title is hyphenated, although his surname is not.[47] He sits as a Conservative member of the House of Lords.

Awards[edit]

Academy Awards[edit]

One nomination for Best Original Song Score and Adaptation: 1973 motion picture Jesus Christ Superstar

One nomination for Best Original Song: "Learn to Be Lonely" from the 2004 motion picture The Phantom of the Opera .

Golden Globes[edit]

Plus one nomination for Best Original Song: "Learn to Be Lonely" from the 2004 motion picture The Phantom of the Opera.

Grammy Awards[edit]

Tony Awards[edit]

Olivier Awards[edit]

Other Awards[edit]

Shows[edit]

Note: Music composed by Andrew Lloyd Webber unless otherwise noted.
Lyrics by Tim Rice
Not shown until 2005
Lyrics by Tim Rice
Lyrics by Tim Rice
Lyrics by Alan Ayckbourn
Revised in 1996 as By Jeeves
Lyrics by Tim Rice
Lyrics by Don Black
Lyrics based on Old Possum's Book of Practical Cats by T. S. Eliot
Additional lyrics after Eliot by Richard Stilgoe and Trevor Nunn
Lyrics by Don Black (revised by Richard Maltby, Jr. for Broadway)
Combination of Variations (1978) and Tell Me On A Sunday (1979)
Lyrics by Richard Stilgoe
Later revisions by Don Black and David Yazbek
Inspired by the Thomas the Tank Engine and Friends books by The Rev. W. Awdry.
Lyrics by Tim Rice
First performed for Queen Elizabeth II's 60th birthday
Lyrics by Charles Hart
Additional Lyrics by Richard Stilgoe
Based on the Gaston Leroux novel
Lyrics by Don Black and Charles Hart
Based on the David Garnett novel
Book and lyrics by Christopher Hampton and Don Black
Based on the Billy Wilder film (1950)
Lyrics by Jim Steinman
Lyrics by Ben Elton
Updated as The Boys in the Photograph (2009)
Music by A.R. Rahman
Lyrics by Don Black
Produced by Andrew Lloyd Webber
Lyrics by David Zippel
Based on the Wilkie Collins novel
Book & Lyrics by Glenn Slater
Book by Ben Elton & Frederick Forsyth
Additional lyrics by Charles Hart
Adapted from the 1939 Motion Picture The Wizard of Oz
Music by Harold Arlen
Lyrics by E.Y. Harburg
Additional music by Andrew Lloyd Webber
Additional lyrics by Tim Rice
Book and lyrics by Christopher Hampton and Don Black

Film adaptations[edit]

There have been a number of film adaptations of the Lloyd Webber musicals. Jesus Christ Superstar (1973) was directed by Norman Jewison; Evita (1996) was directed by Alan Parker; and The Phantom of the Opera, in 2004, was directed by Joel Schumacher and co-produced by Lloyd Webber. Cats, Joseph and the Amazing Technicolor Dreamcoat, Jesus Christ Superstar and By Jeeves have been adapted into made for television films that have been released on DVD and VHS and often air on BBC.

Lloyd Webber produced Bombay Dreams with Indian composer A. R. Rahman in 2002.

A special performance of The Phantom of the Opera at the Royal Albert Hall for the 25th anniversary was broadcast live to cinemas in early October 2011 and later released on DVD and Blu-ray in February 2012. The same was also done with a reworked version of Love Never Dies. Filmed in Melbourne, Australia, it received a limited cinema release in the US and Canada in 2012, to see if it would be viable to bring the show to Broadway. It received positive reviews and was No.1 on DVD charts in the UK and Ireland, and did well in America.

In February 2014, it was announced that Elton John's production company had acquired the rights to Joseph and the Amazing Technicolor Dreamcoat, and is planning to adapt it as a new theatrical animated musical film.[52]

Other works[edit]

  • Requiem (1985) – A classical choral work composed in honour of his father, William.
  • Watership Down (1999) - Lloyd Webber and Mike Batt, main soundtrack composer of the animated series adaptation of Richard Adams' novel of the same name, composed the song "Fields of Sun". The actual song was never used on the show, nor was it available on the CD soundtrack that was released at the time. He was however still credited for the unused song in the show's opening titles.

Discography[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ Parliament.uk – Lord Lloyd-Webber; accessed 22 October 2013.
  2. ^ Lord Lloyd Webber profile, Debrett's Unlimited (2013); retrieved 22 October 2013.
  3. ^ "Andrew Lloyd Webber profile". BBC. Retrieved 18 February 2012. 
  4. ^ Citron, Stephen (2001) Sondheim and Lloyd-Webber: the new musical Oxford University Press US, 2001
  5. ^ Kennedy Center Honors Pictures CBS News
  6. ^ Explore the Arts – The John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts Kennedy-Center.org
  7. ^ "Fellows – The British Academy of Songwriters, Composers and Authors". BASCA. Retrieved 9 January 2014
  8. ^ Barratt, Nick (7 July 2007). "Family detective". The Daily Telegraph. 
  9. ^ Katie Marsico (2010). How to Analyze the Works of Andrew Lloyd Webber pp.13-14. ABDO, 2010
  10. ^ The Illustrated London News, Volume 277. p.46. The Illustrated London News & Sketch Ltd., 1989
  11. ^ (Rice, 1999)
  12. ^ Show People with Paul Wontorek Interview: Broadway Icon Patti LuPone Quote from 16:36
  13. ^ Cats at the Internet Broadway Database
  14. ^ a b The Phantom of the Opera at the Internet Broadway Database
  15. ^ Snelson, 2004
  16. ^ "Lloyd Webber, Andrew: Inspired By Sunset Boulevard Really Useful Group". Retrieved 11 June 2009. 
  17. ^ Singer, Barry. Ever After: The Last Years of Musical Theater and Beyond, Hal Leonard Corporation, 2004, ISBN 1-55783-529-2, p. 97
  18. ^ Sondheim and Lloyd-Webber: the new musical Oxford University Press, 2001. The New York Times.. referred to Andrew Lloyd Webber as "the most commercially successful composer in history."
  19. ^ "How Do You Solve A Problem Like Maria?, Panel Chosen". BBC. Retrieved 19 June 2012
  20. ^ Andrew Lloyd Webber Abandons 'The Master and Margarita' Project Star Pulse. Retrieved 25 September 2011
  21. ^ The Kennedy Center Honors
  22. ^ [1][dead link]
  23. ^ Friday Night Is Music Night – Andrew Lloyd Webber Gala – BBC Press Office.Retrieved on 8 August 2007.
  24. ^ "American Idol Tracker: What's new, Andrew Lloyd Webber?". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 19 June 2012
  25. ^ Nikkhah, Roya (31 January 2009). "No more nul points at Eurovision?". The Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on 3 February 2009. Retrieved 31 January 2009. 
  26. ^ Midgley, Neil (11 September 2009). "Andrew Lloyd Webber to audition dogs for The Wizard of Oz's Toto". The Daily Telegraph (UK). Retrieved 3 January 2010. 
  27. ^ "Jesus Christ Superstar Arena Tour". 
  28. ^ "Profumo musical set for West End". belfasttelegraph.co.uk. The Belfast Telegraph. 28 June 2013. Retrieved 28 June 2013. 
  29. ^ Matt Trueman. "Andrew Lloyd Webber to stage School of Rock | Culture". theguardian.com. Retrieved 2014-08-26. 
  30. ^ Pat Cerasaro. "Andrew Lloyd Webber To Bring SCHOOL OF ROCK To The Stage". Broadwayworld.com. Retrieved 2014-08-26. 
  31. ^ a b Moutby, Adrian (9 January 2004). "The high-brow just don't know how to love him". Times Higher Education. Retrieved 29 March 2012. 
  32. ^ Who the hell does Roger Waters think he is?
  33. ^ Lloyd Webber wins Phantom battle (16 December 1998) BBC News
  34. ^ San Francisco Opera Magazine, Vol. 87, No. 5, 2009–2010 Season, June–July 2010, page 42, box in lower right corner of the page, titled "Was Puccini Robbed?"
  35. ^ Births, Marriages and Deaths England and Wales 1984–2006
  36. ^ "Rich List 2007". Sunday Times. London. Retrieved 2 October 2008. 
  37. ^ "'Take that look off your face', Mr Blair told". Conservative Party. 13 April 2005. Archived from the original on 4 July 2007. 
  38. ^ "The last thing this country needs is a pirate raid on the wealth creators who still dare navigate our stormy waters". Daily Mail. 27 April 2009. Retrieved 17 August 2011. 
  39. ^ "Celebrities' open letter to Scotland – full text and list of signatories | Politics". theguardian.com. 2014-08-07. Retrieved 2014-08-26. 
  40. ^ "Lloyd Webber treated for cancer". BBC News. 25 October 2009. Archived from the original on 26 October 2009. Retrieved 25 October 2009. 
  41. ^ Andrew Lloyd Webber gets cancer 'all clear', (11 January 2010) BBC News
  42. ^ "Trouble down below" by Philip Hodson, The Independent, 6 May 2014; accessed 4 August 2014.
  43. ^ Andrew Lloyd Webber Auctions Art For Charity
  44. ^ "Picasso's Angel Fernandez de Soto withdrawn from Christie's sale". The Art Wolf. Archived from the original on 23 March 2010. Retrieved 18 March 2010. 
  45. ^ "Lloyd Webber's Picasso to be sold after Nazi row settled". Agence France-Presse. 17 March 2010. Retrieved 18 March 2010. 
  46. ^ "Picasso reaches £34.7m in Christie's auction". BBC. 24 June 2010. Archived from the original on 26 June 2010. Retrieved 26 June 2010. 
  47. ^ a b "Lloyd-Webber, Baron". Who's Who 2013. Who's Who (December 2012 online ed.). A & C Black an imprint of Bloomsbury Publishing plc. Retrieved 22 October 2013. 
  48. ^ The London Gazette: no. 54689. p. 2341. 25 February 1997. Retrieved 22 October 2013.
  49. ^ a b c Awards – Andrew Lloyd Webber
  50. ^ Gans, Andrew (21 May 2008) Playbill News: Lloyd Webber Receives Woodrow Wilson Award 21 May, Playbill
  51. ^ Playbill.com
  52. ^ "Elton John to Adapt 'Amazing Technicolor Dreamcoat' for Big Screen". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 21 February 2014. 

See also[edit]

  • Pre-Raphaelite and Other Masters: The Andrew Lloyd Webber Collection – Royal Academy of Arts, London 2003 ISBN 1-903973-39-2
  • View of Geelong, 1856 painting once owned by Webber
  • Andrew Lloyd Webber's Official website
  • Cats on a Chandelier – Coveney, M (1999), Hutchinson, London
  • Biography at the Really Useful Group
  • Oh What a Circus – Rice, Tim (1999), Hodder & Stoughton, London
  • Andrew Lloyd Webber – Snelson, John (2004), Yale University Press, New Haven CT. ISBN 0-300-10459-6
  • Andrew Lloyd Webber: His Life and Works – Walsh, Michael (1989, revised and expanded, 1997), Abrams: New York

External links[edit]

Awards and achievements
Preceded by
Stephen Sondheim
for Sweeney Todd
Grammy Award for Best Cast Show Album
1980
for Evita
shared with Tim Rice
Succeeded by
Quincy Jones
for Lena Horne: The Lady and Her Music
Preceded by
Henry Krieger – Composer, Tom Eyen – Lyricist, David Foster – Producer
for Dreamgirls
Grammy Award for Best Cast Show Album
1983
for Cats
Succeeded by
Stephen Sondheim – Composer and Lyricist, Thomas Z. Shepard
for Sunday in the Park with George
Preceded by
None
Grammy Award for Best Contemporary Composition
1985
for Requiem
Succeeded by
Witold Lutosławski
for Symphony No. 3