The museum shows the changing style of the English domestic interior in a series of eleven displayed period rooms from 1600 to the present day. The emphasis is on the furnishings, pictures, and ornaments of the urban middle classes of London.
The museum routinely holds exhibitions and seminars, both in the museum itself and in its walled herb garden. An annual event is the Christmas Past exhibition, which sees rooms of each period adorned as they would have been at Christmas.
In addition, the museum has some eighteenth and nineteenth-century almshouse rooms on display, showing part of the building in its original guise as accommodation for the deserving poor.
In 2011 the Geffrye Museum secured funding of £13.2million from the Heritage Lottery Fund to build an extension which is due to open in 2015.