Rainham Hall

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For the early 17th-century country house in Norfolk see, see Raynham Hall.
Rainham Hall
Rainham Hall

Rainham Hall is a Georgian house owned by the National Trust in the centre of Rainham in London Borough of Havering. Built in 1729 for John Harle, a merchant and sea-captain, the Grade II* listed buildings are undergoing extensive conservation and redevelopment work. The iron-work fencing and gates at the front of the property are highly regarded and are themselves Grade II* listed.

Buildings[edit]

Rainham Hall is a three-storey brown and red brick house next to the church of St Helen and St Giles in the centre of Rainham in the London Borough of Havering.[1][2] It is an example of a Dutch domestic Queen Anne style house.[2][3][4] Many of the original features of the house remain, including trompe-l'œil frescos on the walls and Delft tiles in the fireplaces. Outside the front of the house are Grade II* listed wrought-iron railings that feature the intertwining initials of Harle and his wife Mary.[5][6][7] They are described as being amongst the finest in London from that time;[2][6] a guide published by the London Borough of Havering suggests that they might have been created by Jean Tijou, a famed blacksmith who produced the ironwork for Hampton Court Palace.[4][5]

Along with the main building the grounds contain a stable/coach house and lodge, all of which were given Grade II* listed status in January 1955.[8][9][10] Some of the walls in the garden and "stone garden vases of contemporary date" were also listed at the same time.[7] The two-acre garden features a recently replanted 30-tree orchard, one of the largest in London. Harle used the coach house and hall as the main centre for his trading activities. The close proximity of the commercial and domestic buildings is described by the National Trust as "significant because it seems to be a rare survival of a practice which was once widespread".[2]

Rainham Hall has been recommended for an upgrade to Grade I listed status. A 2011 Heritage Scoping Study noted that the main building should be reviewed, stating that "it is one of the finest and best preserved examples in England of a medium sized early Georgian merchant’s house" with the National Trust receiving credit for their work on maintaining the property. It goes on to state that the "outstanding level of the significance of this landmark" should merit a review in the listed status.[11]

History[edit]

Construction[edit]

John Harle was a sea-captain and merchant from South Shields.[12] In 1718 he married Mary Tibbington, a wealthy widow from Stepney, and purchased the Rainham wharf.[4][12] He invested money dredging the River Ingrebourne, thereby giving trading vessels a route up to Rainham from the Thames.[4] He had Rainham Hall constructed in 1729 using high-quality materials as a showcase for the building products he sold.[2][4] Harle is credited with being significant in the development of Rainham Village throughout the 18th century.[2] He died in 1742, leaving the house to his second wife.[4]

Decline, sale, and renovation[edit]

The Harle family kept possession of the house until 1895, when it fell into a state of disrepair. It was purchased in 1920 by Colonel Herbert Hall Mulliner as a setting for part of his outstanding collections of English furniture and English pottery[13] before being given to the National Trust in 1949.[4][5]

The buildings have not been fully open to the public for some time, but significant investment is allowing the National Trust to prepare for longer opening hours. Restoration of the buildings is now being funded by the National Trust, Heritage Lottery Fund, and Veolia North Thames Trust and Havering London Borough Council. A grant of £1.5 million was awarded to pay for the redevelopment of the site, including the conservation of the buildings and the introduction of educational and local community schemes.[1][14][15] The renovation plan also features a cafe, bookshop, and exhibition area.[15]

See also[edit]

Media related to Rainham Hall at Wikimedia Commons

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "£1.5 million facelift for Rainham Hall". The Enquirer. 5 August 2013. Retrieved 4 October 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f "Rainham Hall". National Trust. Retrieved 4 October 2013. 
  3. ^ Ross, David. "Rainham Hall". Britain Express. Retrieved 4 October 2013. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g "Rainham Hall". London Gardens Online. Retrieved 4 October 2013. 
  5. ^ a b c "'Havering Walks' Industrial Heritage Rainham". London Borough of Havering. Retrieved 4 October 2013. 
  6. ^ a b "National Trust: Rainham Hall". London & Partners. Retrieved 4 October 2013. 
  7. ^ a b English Heritage. "Forecourt railings, gates and piers walls and vases at Rainham Hall (1079922)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 4 October 2013 .
  8. ^ English Heritage. "Rainham Hall (1358506)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 4 October 2013 .
  9. ^ English Heritage. "Stable Block at Rainham Hall (1183554)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 4 October 2013 .
  10. ^ English Heritage. "The Lodge at Rainham Hall (1079923)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 4 October 2013 .
  11. ^ Bird, Edmund (June 2011). "Review of the London Borough of Havering’s Rainham Conservation Area". London.gov.uk. p. 14. Retrieved 4 October 2013. 
  12. ^ a b "Rainham". University of London & History of Parliament Trust. Retrieved 4 October 2013. 
  13. ^ The collection was sold at Christie's, July 10, 1924 and following days Catalogue of the Important Collection of Old English Furniture, Objects of Art and Tapestry, formed by the late Col. H.H. Mulliner..., removed from Clifton Court, Rugby and Albany, Piccadilly; the collection was catalogued by Margaret Jourdain, writing as "Francis Lenygon, The Late Stuart and Early Georgian Periods. The Decorative Arts in England 1660-1780 (1924); numerous pieces of furniture from the Mulliner collection were illustrated in Percy Macquoid and Ralph Edwards, eds. The Dictionary of English furniture (1927).
  14. ^ "Support for National Trust’s listed 18th-century merchant’s house". Heritage Lottery Fund. 23 March 2012. Retrieved 4 October 2013. 
  15. ^ a b Richards, Lee-Ann (10 July 2013). "Rainham Hall to open for the first time to the public". Romford Recorder. Retrieved 4 October 2013. 

Coordinates: 51°31′04″N 0°11′27″E / 51.5179°N 0.1907°E / 51.5179; 0.1907