Geojedo

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Geojedo
Hangul 거제도
Hanja 巨濟島
Revised Romanization Geojedo
McCune–Reischauer Kŏjedo
Geojedo
Native name: 거제도
Geojedo is located in South Korea
Geojedo
Geoje Island (South Korea)
Geography
Location Korea Strait
Coordinates 34°51′29″N 128°37′06″E / 34.85806°N 128.61833°E / 34.85806; 128.61833
Area 383.44 km2 (148.05 sq mi)
Highest elevation 580 m (1,900 ft)
Highest point Gara
Country
South Korea
Province Gyeongsangnam-do
Largest city Geoje (pop. 242,077)
Demographics
Ethnic groups Korean

Geojedo or Geoje Island (also often spelled Koje Island) is the principal island of Geoje City, on the southern coast of Gyeongsangnam-do province, South Korea. It is joined to land by two bridges from nearby Tongyeong. Sinhyeon is the largest town on the island. The Busan-Geoje Fixed Link was open in December 2010 and provides a more direct connection to the city of Busan.

Geoje Island covers an area of 383.44 square kilometres (148.05 sq mi), the second largest island in South Korea (second to Jeju Island). The landscape features several peaks: Gara (580 metres (1,900 ft)), Gyerong (554.9 metres (1,821 ft)), the skirmisher mountain (465.5 metres (1,527 ft)), Daegeum (437.5 metres (1,435 ft)) and Googsabong (400 metres (1,300 ft)). Geojedo is known for its rich deposits of granite. The southern belt of Geojedo, together with part of Namhaedo in Namhae County, belongs to Hallyeo Maritime National Park.

Geoje Island features several natural harbors. Shipbuilding is the largest industry on the island. The second and third largest shipyards in South Korea are both located on the island, Daewoo Shipbuilding and Marine Engineering (DSME) in the city of Okpo, and Samsung Heavy Industries (SHI) in the city of Gohyeon (Geoje City).

Etymology[edit]

Geojedo (from Korean Geoje, meaning "Great Crossing Island";from Geo (Korean),(Hanja) , meaning "great,large", je(jae) (Korean),(Hanja) , meaning "crossing,ferry", and do (Korean),(Hanja) , meaning "island")

History[edit]

During the Three Han States period (2300 B.C.), Geoje Island corresponded to one of the twelve states of Byeonhan (변한) state called Dokno 독로국(瀆盧國), and during the Shilla dynasty period (신라시대), King Gyeongdeok in 757 A.D. first started to use the name Geoje province "거제군" to refer to the island.

In the Korea and Joseon dynasty period, after the area called Giseong (기성현) was divided from Geoje 거제현 in 1914, the Geoje area was mistakenly called Tongyeong (통영군). During this period, the island was a strategic location between Japan and the Korean Peninsula, and therefore suffered invasion by the Japanese.

When the Japanese invaded Tongyeong in 1592, the Navy Headquarters of Three Provinces was established in Geoje which served as a command for many naval battles in the area. Included in these were the battle of May of 1592, the ubiquitously famous General Lee Sunshin led Korean forces to a much celebrated naval victory at Okpo, Geoje Island (옥포해전), as well as on the 28th of July, 1592 at Gyeonnaeryang (견내량해전) also known as the Hansan Great victory(한산대첩). In the year 1597 the first and only naval defeat to the Japanese in Korean history took place at Chilcheon, Geoje (칠천량해전).

During the Korean War, UN Forces establashied the Geoje POW Camp in 1951 for captured North Koreans.

In 1953 Geoje province became independent, and in the early 1970s the shipbuilding industry began producing ships and so the population made a grew tremendously. In 1995 Geoje finally had a large enough population to be classified as a Geoje city (거제시).

It is now becoming the location for the driving force of Korea's economic development, the shipbuilding industry.

Geoje is the hometown of the former president of Korea (1993-1998) Kim Young-sam .

It was the final port of call of the SS Meredith Victory at Christmastide 1950, when that ship evacuated some fourteen thousand North Korean civilians from Hungnam.[1]

Geojedo was the birthplace of Chaeyeong Lee.

Administrative Divisions[edit]

According to 2011 a study, Geoje's Korean population was 229,330, and the foreign national population was 8,494.[2] Although Kohyeon dong is the fifth smallest of the dongs, it is the largest in population at 40,400. The cumulative area of Geoje is 402.3㎢, with Dongbumyeon 동부면 being the widest, and Majeondong 마전동 being the narrowest.

In 2008 Shinhyeob town 신현읍 was abolished, and in its place a new town is being installed.

The industrial area of Geoje has the highest man to women worker ratio in Gyeongsangnamdo.

Town·Township·Dong Hanja Area(㎢) Population [3] Map
Geojemyeon 거제면 巨濟面 37.30 7,114
Nambumyeon 남부면 南部面 31.87 1,945
Dongbumyeon 동부면 東部面 52.50 3,682
Dundeokmyeon 둔덕면 屯德面 33.78 3,693
Sadeungmyeon 사등면 沙等面 34.69 9,578
Yeonchomyeon 연초면 延草面 40.14 10,038
Ilunmyeon 일운면 一運面 30.50 7,468
Jangmokmyeon 장목면 長木面 36.89 5,410
Hacheongmyeon 하청면 河淸面 29.10 5,148
Kohyeondong 고현동 (Geoje city) 古縣洞 5.14 40,400
Sangmundong 상문동 上門洞 20.97 21,783
Suyangdong 수양동 水良洞 11.15 14,433
Jangpyeongdong 장평동 (Geoje City) 長坪洞 6.98 29,867
Neungpodong 능포동 菱浦洞 3.21 12,816
Majeondong 마전동 (Geoje City) 麻田洞 1.92 5,673
Ajudong 아주동 鵝州洞 12.45 13,557
Okpo1dong 옥포동|옥포1동 玉浦1洞 2.26 10,560
Okpo2dong 옥포동|옥포2동 玉浦2洞 8.61 30,250
Jangseungpodong 장승포동 長承浦洞 2.15 4,409

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 34°51′29″N 128°37′06″E / 34.85806°N 128.61833°E / 34.85806; 128.61833