Gothenburg tram network

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Gothenburg tram network
GS Övningsvagnskylt.svg
Tram 2 at Brunnsparken.jpg
A tram running at Brunnsparken in central Gothenburg.
Overview
Owner Gothenburg Municipality
Locale Gothenburg
Mölndal, Sweden
Transit type Tram
Number of lines 15
Number of stations 131[citation needed]
Daily ridership 285,112[citation needed]
Operation
Began operation 1879
Operator(s) Göteborgs Spårvägar
Host railroads Västtrafik
Number of vehicles 200
Technical
System length 190 km (118.1 mi)[citation needed]
(161 km (100.0 mi) of track)
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in)
(standard gauge)
Average speed 22.7 km/h (14.1 mph)
Top speed 60 km/h (37 mph) allowed
(max 80 km/h (50 mph))

The Gothenburg tram network (Swedish: Göteborgs spårvägar) is part of the public transport system organised by Göteborgs Spårvägar, controlled by Västtrafik in the Swedish city of Gothenburg. The system's approximately 160 kilometres (99 mi) of track — making it the largest tram network in Sweden[1] — is used by around 200 trams as of 2006, which serve twelve day-time and five night-time lines with a combined line length of 190 km. These figures are expected to increase when the second stage of Kringen (short for Kollektivringen, the public transport ring) is finished. The trams perform about 2,000 trips and cover 30,000 km per day. In 2007, 100.5 million journeys were made (with changes counting as a journey).[2]

History[edit]

The first tram line in Gothenburg was started in 1879 by the English company Gothenburg Tramway Ltd. This was a horse-drawn tramway, which stretched from Brunnsparken to Stigbergsliden. The city of Gothenburg bought the tramway in 1900, and introduced electrically powered trams only two years later, when Sigfrid Edström led the electrification of the trams. During the next 40 years, the tram system was heavily expanded, reaching outside the city borders by 1907, and Hisingen in 1940.

In the 1960s, plans for converting the tram system to an underground rapid transit system were created, and the new tram sections to the Tynnered, Angered, Bergsjön and Länsmansgården suburbs were built free from level crossings and partly in tunnels to make a future conversion to underground standards easier. However, after further investigation, it was concluded that it would be too expensive to dig the necessary tunnels under the city centre, as the foundation of the city is partially made up of clay.

Tram in Gothenburgh 1963, before the switch to right-hand drive

When Sweden's switch to right-hand traffic in 1967 made existing unidirectional trams obsolete, Gothenburg was one of only two cities in Sweden to maintain its city-centre tramway, the other such network to survive being the Norrköping tramway.

The expansion of the net through the Kringen is gradually and step by step creating a tramway ring around the city centre. In 1999 the first step was started, which most notably included the 1050 m long Chalmers tunnel which was opened for traffic in 2002, connecting the Chalmers station with the Korsvägen hub. The second and third steps are currently in the planning stage.

A vintage (bogie) tram on line 12. These trams usually run in the summer, as a tourist attraction.

Since 2010, the previously used magnetic stripe cards have been replaced with RFID cards. Ticket machines taking coins and credit cards have also been installed on the trams, along with a text message system where tickets may be purchased with mobile phones.[3]

Lines[edit]

A tram in Gothenburg
Gothenburg tram lines 4 (left) and 14 (right) meet at Centralstationen tram station.
Line Stretch Length Stops Travel time[Note 1] Average speed[Note 1] Passengers/day[Note 2]
Spårvagnslinje 1.svg TynneredÖstra Sjukhuset 15.6 km 33 47/49 min 19.1 km/h 32 500
Spårvagnslinje 2.svg HögsbotorpMölndal (over Ullevi) 12.9 km 27 40 min[Note 3]
Spårvagnslinje 3.svg MarklandsgatanKålltorp (over Brunnsparken) 12.7 km 30 44/45 min 16.9 km/h 32 400
Spårvagnslinje 4.svg MölndalAngered (over Brunnsparken) 19.3 km 21 41/40 min 28.2 km/h 27 400
Spårvagnslinje 5.svg Östra SjukhusetLänsmansgården (over Korsvägen) 13.8 km 29 39/38 min 21.2 km/h 25 500
Spårvagnslinje 6.svg LänsmansgårdenKortedala (over Järntorget-Korsvägen) 24.6 km 46 71/71 min 20.7 km/h 43 400
Spårvagnslinje 7.svg TynneredBergsjön 21.1 km 35 54/55 min 23.0 km/h 35 900
Spårvagnslinje 8.svg FrölundaAngered (over Korsvägen) 21.3 km 25 46/47 min 27.2 km/h 19 600
Spårvagnslinje 9.svg KungsstenAngered (over Brunnsparken) 19.0 km 21 43/43 min 26.5 km/h 25 600
Spårvagnslinje 10.svg GuldhedenEketrägatan/Biskopsgården 8.8 km[Note 4] 17/23 24/31 / 25/32 min 21.7 km/h[Note 5] 15 600
Spårvagnslinje 11.svg SaltholmenBergsjön 21.8 km 38 58/58 min 22.6 km/h 38 000
Spårvagnslinje 12.svg Planned tram line. Will have a stretch of "Norra älvstranden".
Spårvagnslinje 13.svg SahlgrenskaBrämaregården (over Korsvägen) 7.9 km 13 23 min[Note 3]
Spårvagnslinje 14.svg Disused tram line since 2006. Had the route "Centralstationen - Krokslätt" (Central Station - Krokslätt).
Lisebergslinjen sign.svg "Liseberg Line" streetcar line operated by heritage trams. Has the route Central Station – Liseberg – (Sankt Sigfrids plan) (3.5 km; 8 stops).
GS Övningsvagnskylt.svg "Training and Event Line" streetcar line that operated at the current driver training (when not with passengers) and at special events. One example is the European Athletics Championships in August 2006 when the line sign was "Teams Tram" for the European Championship participant.

Most tram lines pass through Brunnsparken, which is effectively the central hub of public transport in Gothenburg. The exceptions are lines 8 and 13. The Central Station is also a major stop, especially because it is the nearest stop not only for train passengers but also passengers coming from the neighbouring Nils Ericson Terminal, where coaches, airport buses to Landvetter Airport and City Airport and regional buses stop. Korsvägen is another major stop, where lines 6 and 8 meet lines going into the city centre and out to Mölndal. Most tram lines are on the south side of the river, but lines 5, 6, 10 and 13 cross the Göta älv bridge to the north side.

Rolling stock[edit]

The M31 trams have been re-built with a low-floor section.

The types of tramcars currently running in Gothenburg are:

  • M28, ASJL 1965–1967, 701–711, 713–763, 766, 767
  • M29, Hägglund 1969–1972, 801–838, 840–857, 859, 860
  • M31 (previously M21 ASEA 1984–1992, rebuilt with low-floor middle articulation), ASEA/MGB 1998–2003, 300–380
  • M32 Sirio, AnsaldoBreda 2005–, (as of January 2012) 401-449

In 2012, the first delivery of the next batch of M32s is scheduled. The new M32s will be numbered 450-465.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Measured during rush hours, first number along stretch as written, second number in opposite direction.
  2. ^ Measured weekdays in November 2005.
  3. ^ a b Timetable value, not actually measured
  4. ^ From Guldheden to Eketrägatan.
  5. ^ From Guldheden to Biskopsgården.

References[edit]

Inline citations[edit]

Other references[edit]

External links[edit]