The area was originally called Chedabouctou and was the site of one of a fishing post of Nicolas Denys. In 1682, a permanent settlement was started by Clerbaud Bergier. A group cleared land and spent the winter with the first crops being planted in 1683. Louis-Alexandre des Friches de Meneval landed at Chedabouctou in 1687 when arriving to take up his position as governor of Acadia. The community is named after Sir Guy Carleton.