Middleton, Nova Scotia

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Middleton
Town
Middleton NS sign.jpg
Official logo of Middleton
Logo
Motto: The Heart of the Valley
Middleton is located in Nova Scotia
Middleton
Middleton
Location of Middleton, Nova Scotia
Coordinates: 44°56′30.48″N 65°4′6.96″W / 44.9418000°N 65.0686000°W / 44.9418000; -65.0686000Coordinates: 44°56′30.48″N 65°4′6.96″W / 44.9418000°N 65.0686000°W / 44.9418000; -65.0686000
Country  Canada
Province  Nova Scotia
County Annapolis County
Founded 1810
Incorporated May 31, 1909
Electoral Districts     
Federal

West Nova
Provincial Annapolis
Government
 • Mayor Calvin Eddy
 • Governing Body Middleton Town Council
 • MLA Stephen McNeil (L)
 • MP Greg Kerr (C)
Area
 • Land 5.44 km2 (2.10 sq mi)
Elevation 21 m (69 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 1,749
 • Density 321.6/km2 (833/sq mi)
Time zone AST (UTC−4)
Postal code B0S
Area code(s) 902
Telephone Exchange 309, 363, 824, 825, 840
Median Earnings* $40,351
Website discovermiddleton.ca
  • Median household income, 2005

Middleton (2011 pop.: 1,749)[1] is a Canadian town in Annapolis County, Nova Scotia.

It is situated on the north bank of the Annapolis River. Incorporated in 1909, it is located near the centre of the Annapolis Valley, from which it gets its nickname, "The Heart of the Valley".

History[edit]

Monument to Loyalists Timothy Ruggles, Samuel Bayard of the King's Orange Rangers and Major Thomas Barkclay of the Loyal American Regiment, Middleton Park, Middleton, Nova Scotia

Where the Annapolis River and the Nictaux river meet was a popular shad fishing spot for Mi'kmaq families before the arrival of the European settlers. It would be later settled by French Acadians that used these waterways to reach the capital of Port-Royal and farming. In the late 1750s the region was settled by New England Planters, and Loyalists to replace the ousted French Acadian's. The first four families to be granted land that would later comprise the town of Middleton. Included families with names like "Gates" and Marshall and Richardson. Col. Philip Richardson received sic lots of two hundred and fifty acres each which ran from the Annapolis River half way to the Mountain to the north, while his neighbour to the west, Anthony Marshall, got two 424-acre lots which ran all the way to the top of the mountain. A Neily family, from Ireland via Ardoise in Hants County, got the next two lots in what would be Lower Middleton while Benjamin Chesley got the last two lots, next to the town limits.[2]

At a public meeting held December 18, 1854,[3] Rev. James Robertson having been appointed chairman and W. A. Fowler, secretary, passed the resolution unanimously past. 'Resolved, first, that the locality hitherto known as Wilmot Corner, or Fowler's Corner, be henceforth called by the name of Middleton'. This name was chosen by its citizens and was selected because of it location midway between Halifax and Yarmouth.

Economy[edit]

The re-opening of the Torbrook Iron Mines and the second railway line in 1889 sparked a decade of rapid growth and development. With many industries supporting and connected to the agriculture and manufacturing industry. Today the town's economy is also heavily influenced by proximity to the air force base CFB Greenwood in nearby Kings County.

Board of Trade[edit]

The early records of the Broad of Trade were lost in the Great Fire of 1911 but from the reports of its initial activities, it is obvious that be board was formed out of a need to vigorously pursue the issues of the day which affected business and industry - railway schedules and rates, street lighting and variety of matter involving the municipal government of the day. Two merchants, Harry Reed and Gorden Gross, with newspaper publisher Fred Cox as their secretary-treasurer.

Business[edit]

  • A.W. Allen & Son - Established in 1901.[4] The Allen Mills and factories were at their peak of production between two world wars. The company owns about 2000 acres of woodland on the south mountain which was logged in the winter. Fires were the bane of the mill and one serious fire in the Fall of 1939 destroying the new two story factory and then again in 1945 which was replaced by the present day building.[5]
  • McKenzie Creamery - Established in 1923 - J.D. McKenzie took over the old Spa Hotel building and converted into a creamery. The business stayed a family business until 1977 when Twin City Dairies took over the Middleton Plant from his son.[6]
  • Scotian Gold Plant - In 1935 the Canadian Canners Plant opened and was a big boost to the industrial life to the town following the great depression. It gave direct employment to the 175 workers plus many other in the growing of fruit and vegetables for canning. The plant canned peas, bean, pumpkin, carrots, apples, pears, strawberries and plums. In the late 1950s Del Monte company bought out and consolidated their business closing the plant. [7]
  • Imperial Oil Company The first supplier of petroleum to appoint an agent in the town in 1909.[8]
  • G.N. Reagh & Son - Established in 1903, George Reach began selling cream separators and the lines of horse-drawn farm implements. Today the company focus on farm machinery as International agents with a full display of farm machinery.
  • The Ross Farm - Established in 1909, by senator W. B Ross KC as an apple and dairy farm, commonly called "Ruthlands" after his daughter Ruth Ross,[9] with a total of some 460 acres on the east side of Middleton. By 1921 the farm was sold to George Chase and R.A. Joudrey.[10]
  • Roops Funeral Home - Four generations of the Roop Family have provided the longest continuing family funeral services in the Nova Scotia. Beginning as casket builders and then providing transportation to the cemetery. In 1950s the hospital needing transportation for people that can not sit up the family started offering ambulance service to the community.[11]

Transportation[edit]

Middleton is at the half-way point between Halifax and Yarmouth on Highway 101 and Trunk 1.

Middleton is the northern terminus of Trunk 10 which connects the town with Bridgewater and Lunenburg on the South Shore.

The town was located on the Dominion Atlantic Railway's (DAR) mainline from Halifax to Yarmouth and was also served by CN Rail's line from Bridgewater to Bridgetown (and on to Victoria Beach). CN Rail abandoned its line through Middleton in 1982; it had formerly been the Nova Scotia Central Railway (NSCR). The DAR abandoned its mainline through the town in March 1990, following the January 15, 1990, abandonment of the Evangeline passenger train service by Via Rail. The abandoned DAR and CN railway lines are currently owned by the Government of Nova Scotia and used as recreational trails. The old railway station is now a railway museum operated by the Futureview TREA.

Institutions[edit]

MacDonald Museum

Middleton is home to 2 public schools: Annapolis East Elementary School serves grades Primary-5, and Middleton Regional High School serves grades 6-12. The town is also home to a Nova Scotia Community College campus.

Soldiers Memorial Hospital is located in the town and provides tertiary care services for the eastern part of Annapolis County. The provincial government is funding construction of a new 50-bed nursing home in the town which is opened in late 2009.

Middleton is home to the Annapolis Valley MacDonald Museum, which is housed in the original Macdonald Consolidated School. This school, founded in 1903, was the first consolidated school in Canada, established with a grant from the Macdonald Tobacco Company of Montreal.[12] The museum has many travelling exhibits, and is the home of the Nova Scotia Museum Clock collection.

Festivals and events[edit]

Colourful Middelton street signs

Middleton hosts an annual three day festival called "Heart of the Valley Days" every summer, during the month of July.

Middleton Farmers' Market was founded in 2008. It is held every Friday during the Summer and Fall in the park across from the Town Office from 3 pm to 7 pm. The Market is a non-profit member-run organization of market vendors and individuals from our community.

Middleton has an official town crier who has performed his functions for the town since 1984. He has attended all Heart of The Valley parades and attended town crier competitions in Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, England and Belgium on behalf of the town. In 1988 he organized and hosted the first Heart of the Valley International Town Criers Challenge. In 2009, as part of Middleton's centenary celebrations, the second Heart of the Valley International Town Criers Challenge was held.

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1981 1,834 —    
1986 1,772 −3.4%
1991 1,819 +2.7%
1996 1,800 −1.0%
2001 1,744 −3.1%
2006 1,829 +4.9%
2011 1,749 −4.4%
[13]

Notable residents[edit]

References and notes[edit]

  1. ^ http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/census-recensement/2011/dp-pd/prof/details/page.cfm?Lang=E&Geo1=CSD&Code1=1205016&Geo2=PR&Code2=12&Data=Count&SearchText=Middleton&SearchType=Begins&SearchPR=01&B1=All&Custom=&TABID=1
  2. ^ Mddleton Anniversary Committee. Middleton: 1909-1984. Friesen Printers & Publishing, 1984. p. 1
  3. ^ Mddleton Anniversary Committee. Middleton: 1909-1984. Friesen Printers & Publishing, 1984. p. iii
  4. ^ https://www.facebook.com/allenshbc/info?tab=overview
  5. ^ Mddleton Anniversary Committee. Middleton: 1909-1984. Friesen Printers & Publishing, 1984. p. 74
  6. ^ Mddleton Anniversary Committee. Middleton: 1909-1984. Friesen Printers & Publishing, 1984. p. 76
  7. ^ Mddleton Anniversary Committee. Middleton: 1909-1984. Friesen Printers & Publishing, 1984. p. 78
  8. ^ Mddleton Anniversary Committee. Middleton: 1909-1984. Friesen Printers & Publishing, 1984. p. 79
  9. ^ http://www.archivescanada.ca/english/search/ItemDisplay.asp?sessionKey=999999999_142&l=0&lvl=1&v=0&coll=0&itm=160042&rt=1&bill=1
  10. ^ Mddleton Anniversary Committee. Middleton: 1909-1984. Friesen Printers & Publishing, 1984. p. 79
  11. ^ Mddleton Anniversary Committee. Middleton: 1909-1984. Friesen Printers & Publishing, 1984. p. 80
  12. ^ School/museum history
  13. ^ I:\ecstats\Agency\BRIAN\census2
  14. ^ http://chl-missouri.stats.pointstreak.com/playerpage.html?playerid=3317323&seasonid=4438

External links[edit]