|Native name||Hollandsche Eenheidsprijzen Maatschappij Amsterdam|
|Founded||Amsterdam, Netherlands (1926 )|
|Number of locations||Europe|
|Owner(s)||Lion Capital LLP|
HEMA (originally an acronym for Hollandsche Eenheidsprijzen Maatschappij Amsterdam, "Dutch Standard Prices Company Amsterdam") is a Dutch discount retail chain that started life as a dimestore. It was part of the Maxeda company until June 2007, when it was bought by Lion Capital LLP. The chain is characterized by relative low pricing of generic housewares, which are mostly made by and for the chain itself, often combined with original design.
The first HEMA opened in Amsterdam on 4 November 1926, set up by the Jewish owners of the luxury department store De Bijenkorf. Originally, as a price-point retailer at prime locations in town centers, goods were sold using standard prices (hence its name), with everything having a Standard price of 10, 25 or 50 cents, and later also 75 and 100 cents. The relative economic boom in the Netherlands in the period 1900-1930 benefited HEMA.
During WWII, a number of Jewish employees (there were a relatively high number because of the Jewish roots of the company) were murdered by the Nazis, which is remembered yearly by laying a wreath on May 4, the Dutch Remembrance of the Dead, at the head office.
After World War II, this model could not be sustained and the standard pricing system was abandoned. But a period of rapid expansion followed: now almost every town of any importance in the Netherlands has a HEMA. Locations carry a wide variety of goods, including clothing, food, bicycle equipment, gardening tools, and office supplies. As of 2010, standard pricing was reintroduced.
HEMA prides itself in developing much of its products itself, including food and books. On its website HEMA says it develops all its products itself. The website also stresses that the total offer is concentrated on daily necessities.
Some well-known HEMA products in the Netherlands are:
- rookworst, a warm, smoked sausage, for which the chain is famous;
- pigs in a blanket
- tompouce, oblong pastry containing custard pudding, covered by a pink sweet layer
- cakes, for which it is market leader
HEMA has chosen a no-nonsense formula with strong house-branding. Quality standards are relatively high. HEMA organizes their own yearly design-contests.
Since the 1990s, HEMA has also expanded into neighbouring countries.
HEMA branches by country (2014):
- Netherlands: 528
- Belgium: 98
- Germany: 10 (in 2014)
- Luxembourg: 4 (in 2014)
- France: 33 (in 2014)
- Spain: 1 (in 2014)
- United Kingdom: 3 (in 2014)
Since 2009 HEMA has opened small versions of their stores in railway stations, Schiphol Airport and in small villages in the Netherlands, as well as their first mini market.
HEMA employed in excess of 10,000 workers at over 500 stores by March 2011.
On 4th January 2014, HEMA's CEO Ronald van Zetten announced that it would branch out to Spain and the UK opening the first stores within six months as well further expanding in France. The first Spanish store opened on 3rd April on Calle Fuencarral in Madrid, and the first British store will be open in the Victoria Place shopping centre, next Victoria station in London on 12th June. 
In 2010, the Belgian HEMA store in Genk first allowed, then barred a Muslim girl from working with customers wearing a head scarf. In a press release, the store's management said avoiding political or religious statements and keeping a strictly neutral course would be policy from then on. This was applauded by ultra-right wing politician Filip Dewinter, who then called the Belgian public to go and buy warm sausage at the HEMA - but that product is not sold outside the Netherlands.
- "HEMA ontwerpwedstrijd 2013". Hemaontwerpwedstrijd.nl. Retrieved 2013-04-14.
- "HEMA Filialen". Hema-deutschland.de. Retrieved 2013-04-14.
- "luxembourg - HEMA". Hema.be. Retrieved 2013-04-14.
- "tous les magasins - HEMA". Hema.fr. Retrieved 2013-04-14.
- Susie Mesure. "Hema arrives in Britain: A trip to the shop will soon mean going Dutch". The Independent. Retrieved 8 June 2014.
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