German destroyer ZH1
|Builder:||Rotterdamsche Droogdok Mij, Rotterdam, Netherlands|
|Laid down:||12 October 1938|
|Launched:||12 October 1939|
|Commissioned:||11 October 1942|
|Fate:||Scuttled on 9 June 1944|
|General characteristics |
|Class and type:||Gerard Callenburgh-class destroyer|
|Displacement:||1628 tons standard
2240 tons full load
|Length:||106.3 m (348 ft 9 in)|
|Beam:||10.28 m (33 ft 9 in)|
|Draught:||3.5 m (11 ft 6 in)|
|Propulsion:||2 shaft, Parsons geared turbines
3 Yarrow type boilers
|Speed:||37.5 kn (69.5 km/h)|
|Range:||5,400 nmi (10,000 km) at 19 kn (35 km/h)|
|Armament:||5 × 120 mm (4.7 in) guns
4 × 37 mm (1.5 in) guns
16 × 20 mm (0.79 in) guns
6 × 533 mm (21.0 in) torpedo tubes
ZH1 was a Gerard Callenburgh-class destroyer. The boat was laid down as the Dutch destroyer Gerard Callenburgh but while still under construction she was captured during the German invasion of the Netherlands in World War II and commissioned in the Kriegsmarine.
The ship was laid down as Gerard Callenburgh on 12 October 1938 at the Rotterdamsche Droogdok Mij in Rotterdam and launched on 12 October 1939. While under construction Germany attacked the Netherlands. It was decided to scuttle the ship in Nieuwe Waterweg to prevent it to fall in German hands. The Germans however decided to raise the ship in the summer of 1940 and towed it to Hamburg where she was repaired at the yard of Blohm & Voss. The ship was commissioned on 11 October 1942 and attached to the 5th destroyer flotilla in the Baltic Sea.
In March 1944 ZH1, Z23 and the torpedo boats T27 and T29 escorted the Japanese submarine I-129 to Lorient after meeting her in the Bay of Biscay. Later that month she performed convoy duties North of Brest.
On 9 June 1944 the ship and other German destroyers engaged an allied force near Île de Batz. In the battle she was damaged to the point that the commander gave the order to scuttle her. 36 of her crew perished with the ship.
- Helgason, Guðmundur (2013). "HNMS Gerard Callenburgh". uboat.net. Retrieved 2013-10-11.