The Hayden Planetarium (often called "The Hayden Sphere" or "The Great Sphere") is a public planetarium, part of the Rose Center for Earth and Space of the American Museum of Natural History in New York City, currently directed by astrophysicist Neil deGrasse Tyson.
Since February 2000, the planetarium has been one of the two main attractions within the Rose Center. The top half of the Hayden Sphere houses the Star Theater, which uses high-resolution fulldome video to project “space shows” based on scientific visualization of current astrophysical data, in addition to a customized Zeiss Star Projector system replicating an accurate night sky as seen from Earth. The bottom half of the Sphere is home to the Big Bang Theater, which depicts the birth of the universe in a four-minute program. As visitors leave the Planetarium theater, they exit to the Size Scales of the Universe exhibit which shows the vast array of sizes in the universe; the walkway itself is a timeline of the Universe from the Big Bang to the present. This exhibit leads to the Big Bang Theater and exits to the Cosmic Pathway, which shows the history of the universe. From the bottom of the Cosmic Pathway, visitors can stop by the Hall of Planet Earth to explore geology, weather, plate tectonics and more, or go down to the Hall of the Universe to explore the realms of planets, stars, galaxies and more.
The Hayden Planetarium offers a number of courses and public presentations including the Frontiers of Astrophysics and Distinguished Authors lecture series.
|1935||The Hayden Planetarium, designed by architects Trowbridge & Livingston, opens, after its construction is funded by a $650,000 loan from the Reconstruction Finance Corporation and a $150,000 donation from banker Charles Hayden of Hayden, Stone & Co. Its mission was to give the public "a more lively and sincere appreciation of the magnitude of the universe... and for the wonderful things which are daily occurring in the universe."|
|1956||Joseph M. Chamberlain, hired as an assistant curator in 1952, becomes Chairman of the Planetarium.|
|1960||A Zeiss Mark IV projector is installed.|
|1973||A Zeiss Mark VI projector and new seats are installed.|
|1979||The planetarium appears as a backdrop for scenes in the film Manhattan. Woody Allen and Diane Keaton play characters who walk around within the planetarium after escaping from a sudden downburst of rain.|
|1997||The original Hayden Planetarium is closed and demolished in January.|
|1999||A new, customized Zeiss Mark IX projector is installed in August. It is accompanied by a digital dome projection system that provides a 3-D visualization of the universe based on images generated in real time by a Silicon Graphics supercomputer.|
|2000||On February 19, the Rose Center for Earth and Space, designed by James Polshek and containing the new Hayden Planetarium, opens to the public.|
|2001||The planetarium is briefly seen in the film K-PAX starring Kevin Spacey and Jeff Bridges.|
- deGrasse Tyson, Neil (February 2, 2001). "Astronomer Responds to Pluto-Not-a-Planet Claim". Space.com. Retrieved 2013-07-17.
- Martin, Douglas (December 11, 2011). "Joseph Chamberlain, 88, Dies; Brought the Stars a Bit Closer". New York Times. Retrieved 19 December 2011.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Hayden Planetarium.|
- Official website
- History of the Hayden Planetarium at the Wayback Machine (archived March 6, 2006)
- Summary of the Hayden Planetarium from the Zeiss website
- 'The Digital Universe' — 3-dimensional atlas of the universe — free downloadable software provided by the Hayden Planetarium