Archibald Gracie Mansion
|Location||East End Ave. at 88th St., Manhattan, New York City, New York|
|Architect||Unknown or Archibald Gracie|
|Architectural style||Federal Style|
|NRHP Reference #||75001205|
|Added to NRHP||May 12, 1975|
|Designated NYCL||September 20, 1966|
Archibald Gracie Mansion is the official residence of the Mayor of the City of New York. Built in 1799, it is located in Carl Schurz Park, at East End Avenue and 88th Street in the Yorkville neighborhood of Manhattan. The mansion overlooks Hell Gate channel in the East River.
A different building on approximately the same site was commandeered by George Washington during the American Revolutionary War, as it strategically overlooked Hell Gate. That building was called Belview Mansion and was the country residence of Jacob Walton, a New York merchant. The British destroyed this house during that war.
Archibald Gracie then built another building, what is now known as Gracie Mansion, on the site in 1799, and used it as a country home until 1823, when he had to sell it to pay debts. In the fall of 1801, Gracie hosted a meeting there of New York Federalists, called by Alexander Hamilton, to raise $10,000 for starting a newspaper, the New York Evening Post, which eventually became the New York Post.
Other people lived in the house until 1896, when the municipal government seized it and made its grounds part of Carl Schurz Park. It served various functions as part of that park (at various times it housed public restrooms, an ice-cream stand, and classrooms) until 1924. From 1924 until 1936 it housed the Museum of the City of New York, and from 1936 until 1942 it was shown as a historical house.
In 1942, Robert Moses convinced Mayor Fiorello H. La Guardia to appropriate the house as a mayoral residence. Its main two floors are open to the public on a limited basis for guided tours, and serve as a small museum.
The house may only be used for official city business. Only visiting public officials and the mayor's family may reside with the mayor at the mansion, even for a single overnight stay. As a result, Mayor Rudy Giuliani was unable to have his then-girlfriend live with him (because they were not married), because it would have violated using a taxpayer-funded home for a private citizen. Giuliani was forced to relocate. Likewise, mayor Michael Bloomberg never resided at Gracie Mansion, although he used it for meetings and events and has used the Mansion as a place for official visitors to stay while in the city. At the beginning of Bloomberg's term he initiated a major restoration of the mansion, funded by an anonymous donor, suspected of being the billionaire mayor himself. Current mayor Bill de Blasio and his family plan to live in Gracie Mansion.
Archibald Gracie built the two-story wooden mansion in the Federal style. The design of the structure is attributed to Ezra Weeks, a prominent builder or John McComb, Jr., the architect of New York City Hall and Hamilton Grange, Alexander Hamilton's country home in Harlem, New York.
By suggestion of Mayor Robert F. Wagner, Jr.'s wife, Susan, plans were initiated for a new west wing, completed in 1966. The architect of the Susan B. Wagner Wing, as it is now called, was Mott B. Schmidt. Though criticized at the time for not being "modern," the wing has come to be regarded as an appropriate solution to the problem of expanding the small house for official functions. The Gracie Mansion Conservancy restored portions of the building during 1981-84, and made substantial decorative and functional restorations in 2002.
In popular culture
- The original footage from The WPIX Yule Log was filmed on 16 mm film at Gracie Mansion, and shown from 1966 to 1969 on WPIX-TV.
- The mansion is featured in the 1974 film The Taking of Pelham One Two Three.
- The mansion is featured in the film Ghostbusters II, when the title characters visit the mayor regarding the imminent takeover of New York City by ghosts.
- The mansion and its surroundings play a prominent role in the novel Hell Gate, by author Linda Fairstein.
- Gracie Mansion was also seen in the movie City Hall, featuring Al Pacino and John Cusack.
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2008-04-15.
- "Gracie Mansion". Field Trip.com. Retrieved 2008-08-02.
- Jennifer Steinhauer (28 April 2002). "A Worn Gracie Mansion Awaits Its Face-Lift". The New York Times. Retrieved 15 November 2011. Quoting: "The exterior part of the restoration will cost $85,000, paid for mostly by an anonymous donor who is widely believed to be the mayor himself. (His aides are not confirming. Nor are they denying.)"
- Max Kahn (1974). "National Register of Historic Places Registration: Gracie Mansion". New York State Office of Parks, Recreation and Historic Preservation. Retrieved 2011-03-25. See also: "Accompanying photo".
- "A Brief History of Gracie Mansion"
- "Drawing Reveals What Stood on Site of Gracie Mansion"
- "New York Times piece on caretaker of Gracie Mansion"
- Library of Congress materials