Khentii Province

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Khentii Province
Хэнтий аймаг
ᠬᠡᠨᠲᠡᠢᠠᠶᠢᠮᠠᠭ
Province
Puffy white clouds roll over lush green hills.
Flag of Khentii Province
Flag
Coat of arms of Khentii Province
Coat of arms
Khentii in Mongolia.svg
Coordinates: 47°19′N 110°39′E / 47.317°N 110.650°E / 47.317; 110.650Coordinates: 47°19′N 110°39′E / 47.317°N 110.650°E / 47.317; 110.650
Country Mongolia
Established 1930 (1930)
Capital Öndörkhaan
Area
 • Total 80,325.08 km2 (31,013.69 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 65,811
 • Density 0.82/km2 (2.1/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+8
Area code(s) +976 (0)156
ISO 3166 code MN-039
Vehicle registration ХЭ_
Website khentii.mn

Khentii (Mongolian: Хэнтий) is one of the 21 aimags (provinces) of Mongolia, located in the east of the country. Its capital is Öndörkhaan. The aimag is named after the Khentii Mountains. It is best known as the birthplace and likely final resting place of Temüjin (otherwise known as Genghis Khan.)

Geography[edit]

The aimag borders with Russia in the north. The neighbouring aimags are Selenge in the northwest, Töv in the west, Govisümber in the southwest, Dornogovi in the south, Sükhbaatar in the southeast, and Dornod in the east. The border to Töv is divided by the city of Baganuur, an administrative exclave of Ulaanbaatar.

The northwest of the aimag is covered by the eastern part of the Khentii Mountains, towards the southeast the landscape changes into the eastern Mongolian steppe plains. The mountain Burkhan Khaldun in the Khan Khentii Strictly Protected Area is considered sacred, and assumed to be the birthplace of Genghis Khan.

South of Burkhan Khaldun the Kherlen River originates, which crosses the south of the aimag in eastern direction after a detour through Töv. A little further east is the spring of the Onon River. The Balj-Onon National Park is located in the northeast of the aimag.

The Onon River in the Khentii Mountains

Population[edit]

Ethnic groups of Khentii aimag[1]
national censuses data
Ethnic
group
Mongolian
name
1979 % 1989 % 2000 %
Khalkha Халх 42,883 81.21 57,391 77.76 61,363 86.49
Buriad Буриад 6,550 12.40 7,044 9.54 6,223 8.77
Uriankhai Урианхай 595 1.13 1,004 1.36 951 1.34
Kazakh Казак (Хасаг) 1,290 2.44 3,655 4.95 629 0.89
Dariganga Дарьганга 177 0.34 353 0.48 361 0.51
Dörvöd Дөрвөд 154 0.29 208 0.28 186 0.26
Bayad Баяд 56 0.11 185 0.25 120 0.17
Darkhad Дархад 18 0.03 24 0.03 32 0.05
Torguud Торгууд 37 0.07 19 0.03 16 0.02
Üzemchin Үзэмчин 18 0.03 8 0.01 3 0.00
Other Mongolian citizens 209 0.40 161 0.22 482 0.68
Foreigners 816 1.55 3,752 5.08 580 0.82
Total 52,803 100.00 73,804 100.00 70,946 100.00

Administrative Subdivision[edit]

Sums of Khentii aimag
The Cities of Khentii aimag
City Mongolian Sum Population
(1994)[2]
Population
(2001)[3]
Population
(2006)[4]
Population
(2007)[5]
Population
(2008)[5]
Population
(2010)[6]
Berkh Бэрх Batnorov 4,517 3,871 3,890 3,673 3,541 2,413
Bor-Öndör Бор-Өндөр Darkhan 2,695 6,406 8,510 8,932 8,902 8,080
Öndörkhaan (capital) Өндөрхаан Kherlen 14,409 ~12,000 ~14,800 ~15,000 ~15,000 17,164
The Sums of Khentii aimag
Sum Mongolian Population
(1994)[2]
Population
(2001)[3]
Population
(2005)[7]
Population
(2008)[5]
Population
(2010)[8]
Area
(km²)
Density
(/km²)
Batnorov Батноров 3,169 2,986 6739* 2,833 2,693 4,968 0.54
Batshireet Батширээт 2,591 2,196 2,009 2,092 2,086 7,018 0.30
Bayan-Adarga Баян-Адарга 2,493 2,333 2,413 2,429 2,205 3,021 0.73
Bayankhutag Баянхутаг 2,130 2,280 2,090 1,949 1,656 6,029 0.27
Bayanmönkh Баянмөнх 1,646 1,790 1,693 1,532 1,347 2,540 0.53
Bayan-Ovoo Баян-Овоо 1,917 1,697 1,701 1,765 1,581 3,381 0.47
Binder Биндэр 4,184 3,615 3,537 3,784 3,455 5,386 0.64
Dadal Дадал 2,826 2,387 2,534 2,667 2,612 4,727 0.55
Darkhan Дархан 1,949 1,904 9,462** 1,899 1,549 4,455 0.35
Delgerkhaan Дэлгэрхаан 3,029 2,902 2,339 2,353 2,040 3,986 0.51
Galshar Галшар 2,575 2,906 2,468 2,074 1,807 6,676 0.27
Jargaltkhaan Жаргалтхаан 1,863 2,073 1,848 1,926 1,831 2,752 0.67
Kherlen *** Хэрлэн 20,172 16,578 16,783 17,154 19,000 3,788 5.02
Mörön Мөрөн 2,444 2,264 2,026 1,934 1,326 2,196 0.60
Norovlin Норовлин 2,713 2,777 2,255 2,341 2,254 5,334 0.42
Ömnödelger Өмнөдэлгэр 3,895 5,739 5,208 5,148 5,156 10,877 0.47
Tsenkhermandal Цэнхэрмандал 2,361 1,791 1,661 1,447 2,004 3,177 0.63
* - including Berkh.
** - including Bor-Öndör.
*** - including The aimag capital Öndörkhaan.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Khentii Aimag Statistical Office. Statistical Booklet 2008
  2. ^ a b http://www.reliefweb.int/library/documents/oxfamannex1-4.pdf
  3. ^ a b The Khentii aimag official site[1]
  4. ^ Rural Poverty Reduction Programme:semi-annual report 2007 [2]
  5. ^ a b c Khentii Aimag Statistical Office. 2008 Annual Report[3]
  6. ^ National Census 2010 (bag level divisions)
  7. ^ Rural Poverty Reduction Programme official site [4]
  8. ^ National Census 2010 (sum level divisions)