Hezuo

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Hezuo
合作市 · གཙོས་གྲོང་ཁྱེར།
County-level city
Monastery in Hezuo
Monastery in Hezuo
Hezuo City (red) within Gannan Prefecture (yellow) and Gansu
Hezuo City (red) within Gannan Prefecture (yellow) and Gansu
Hezuo is located in Qinghai
Hezuo
Hezuo
Location relative to Qinghai
Coordinates: 35°00′N 102°55′E / 35.000°N 102.917°E / 35.000; 102.917Coordinates: 35°00′N 102°55′E / 35.000°N 102.917°E / 35.000; 102.917
Country People's Republic of China
Province Gansu
Autonomous prefecture Gannan
Municipal seat Dangzhou Subdistrict (当周街道)
Area
 • Total 2,670 km2 (1,030 sq mi)
Elevation 2,883 m (9,459 ft)
Population
 • Total 90,000
 • Density 34/km2 (87/sq mi)
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Postal code 747000
Area code(s) (0)941

Hezuo (Zö) City (Tibetan: གཙོས་གྲོང་ཁྱིར།, ZYPY: Zö Chongkyir; Chinese: 合作市; pinyin: Hézuò Shì) is the administrative seat of the Gannan Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture in southern Gansu province in Western China. It is home to the Gêndên Qöling (Zö Gönba) and its Milaraiba Tower, the Langshangmaio Temple, and a mosque. There is a breed of pig, the Zoi Swine (a.k.a. Silverweed Pig), from here and the whole Gannan TAP also.

Name[edit]

The Tibetan name /Hzö གཙོས། is pronounced Dzoi in Standard Tibetan and pronounced Hdzoi/Hdzu in local dialect.

The Chinese name before the 1950s is Heicuo.

History[edit]

Originally a rare populated wetland, mass city-construction began in the 1950s.

Geography and climate[edit]

With an elevation of nearly 3,000 metres (9,800 ft), Hezuo has an alpine subarctic climate (Köppen Dwc), with long, very cold, dry winters, and short, mild summers. The monthly daily mean temperature in January, the coldest month, is −9.9 °C (14.2 °F), while the same figure for July, the warmest month, is 12.8 °C (55.0 °F); the annual mean is 2.40 °C (36.3 °F). Most of the annual precipitation is delivered from May to September. With monthly percent possible sunshine ranging from 44% in June and September to 71% in December, the city receives 2,370 hours of bright sunshine annually.

Climate data for Hezuo (1971−2000)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 1.1
(34)
3.2
(37.8)
7.1
(44.8)
11.8
(53.2)
15.1
(59.2)
17.5
(63.5)
19.8
(67.6)
19.6
(67.3)
15.4
(59.7)
10.9
(51.6)
6.5
(43.7)
2.9
(37.2)
10.9
(51.6)
Average low °C (°F) −17.7
(0.1)
−13.9
(7)
−7.5
(18.5)
−2.7
(27.1)
1.5
(34.7)
5.0
(41)
7.2
(45)
6.6
(43.9)
3.6
(38.5)
−1.7
(28.9)
−9.2
(15.4)
−15.7
(3.7)
−3.7
(25.3)
Precipitation mm (inches) 3.3
(0.13)
6.0
(0.236)
18.2
(0.717)
30.9
(1.217)
67.1
(2.642)
79.0
(3.11)
110.3
(4.343)
104.7
(4.122)
66.4
(2.614)
37.6
(1.48)
6.3
(0.248)
1.7
(0.067)
531.5
(20.926)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 4.8 5.8 11.1 11.9 15.9 18.7 19.1 17.8 16.8 11.3 4.2 2.9 140.3
 % humidity 49 51 59 62 66 71 75 76 77 73 62 51 64.3
Mean monthly sunshine hours 205.1 189.0 196.0 206.8 204.1 189.3 204.9 206.4 162.3 180.7 209.9 215.5 2,370
Percent possible sunshine 66 62 53 53 47 44 47 50 44 52 68 71 53
Source: China Meteorological Administration

Transport[edit]

External links[edit]