Northwest China

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Northwestern China

Northwestern China (西北, Xīběi) includes the autonomous regions of Xinjiang and Ningxia and the provinces of Shaanxi, Gansu, and Qinghai.

Administrative divisions[edit]

GB[1] ISO №[2] Province Chinese Name Capital Population¹ Density² Area³ Abbreviation/Symbol
SN 61 Shaanxi Province 陕西省
Shǎnxī Shěng
Xi'an 37,327,378 181.55 205,600 陕(秦)
Shǎn (Qín)
GS 62 Gansu Province 甘肃省
Gānsù Shěng
Lanzhou 25,575,254 56.29 454,300 甘(陇)
Gān (Lǒng)
QH 63 Qinghai Province 青海省
Qīnghǎi Shěng
Xining 5,626,722 7.80 721,200
Qīng
NX 64 Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region 宁夏回族自治区
Níngxià Huízú Zìzhìqū
Yinchuan 6,301,350 94.89 66,400
Níng
XJ 65 Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region 新疆维吾尔自治区
Xīnjiāng Wéiwú'ěr Zìzhìqū
Ürümqi 21,813,334 13.13 1,660,400
Xīn

Outer Northwest China[edit]

Outer Northwest China highlighted next to a map of China.

Outer Northwest China (Chinese: 外西北; pinyin: Wài Xīběi) is the territories that were ceded from Qing China to the Russian Empire in the Convention of Peking, Sino-Russian North West Frontier Treaty, Treaty of Saint Petersburg (1881) and other Unequal Treaties. The territories are former parts of far western Xinjiang and northern Outer Mongolia. Historically, Outer Northwest China was part of Dzungaria but was obtained by the Manchus after their defeat of the Dzungars in the 18th century.

Following the dissolution of the Soviet Union, the territories were separated and are now governed by four successors of the Soviet Union: Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Russia.

See also[edit]

References[edit]