Houston Stewart

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Sir Houston Stewart
Born 3 August 1791
Died 10 December 1875
Allegiance United Kingdom United Kingdom
Service/branch Naval Ensign of the United Kingdom.svg Royal Navy
Years of service 1805 – 1863
Rank Admiral
Commands held HMS Menai
HMS Benbow
Battles/wars War of the Fifth Coalition
Syrian War
Awards Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath

Admiral of the Fleet Sir Houston Stewart, GCB (3 August 1791 – 10 December 1875) was a Royal Navy officer and briefly a Liberal Party[1] Member of Parliament (MP).

Naval career[edit]

Born at Springkell, near Kirtlebridge, Dumfriesshire, the son of Sir Michael Shaw Stewart, 5th Bart.,[2] of Greenock and Blackhall, Stewart joined the Royal Navy in February 1805.[3] After service at Walcheren in 1809[3] he was posted to the Jamaica Station as a commander.[3] After promotion to captain, he was in charge of HMS Menai and the Halifax dockyard.[3] He served in the Syrian War as captain of the HMS Benbow.[3] Thereafter he was Captain-Superintendent of Woolwich Dockyard,[3] Controller-General of the Coastguard[3] and a Commissioner of the Admiralty (Third Naval Lord and then Second Naval Lord).[3] He was made a Rear-Admiral in 1851.[3]

During the Crimean War, Stewart was second in command of the Black Sea and was in command at the capture of Kinburn.[2] His flag in was in HMS Hannibal.[3] Thereafter he was Superintendent of Devonport dockyard from 1856,[3] Commander-in-Chief, North America and West Indies Station from later that year[3] and Commander-in-Chief, Plymouth from 1860.[3] Appointed Governor of Greenwich Hospital in 1869,[2] he became Admiral of the Fleet in 1872.

At the 1837 general election he stood for Parliament in Renfrewshire, but was unsuccessful.[1] He entered the House of Commons fifteen years later, when he was elected a by-election in February 1852 as a Member of Parliament MP for Greenwich, following the resignation of Sir James Dundas.[4] However, he held the seat for only a few months, until his defeat at the general election in July 1852.[5]

He married, in 1819, Martha, youngest daughter of Lord Glenlee, and had three sons, the eldest of whom was Admiral Sir William Houston Stewart GCB.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b Craig, F. W. S. (1989) [1977]. British parliamentary election results 1832–1885 (2nd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. p. 600. ISBN 0-900178-26-4. 
  2. ^ a b c Obituary; Vice Admiral Sir Houston Stewart, G.C.B. New York Times, 13 December 1875
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m William Loney RN
  4. ^ The London Gazette: no. 21290. p. 407. 13 February 1852. Retrieved 29 December 2010.
  5. ^ Craig, page 9
Military offices
Preceded by
Lord John Hay
Third Naval Lord
Succeeded by
Sir James Stirling
Preceded by
Sir Maurice Berkeley
Second Naval Lord
February 1852—March 1852
Succeeded by
Sir Phipps Hornby
Preceded by
Sir Arthur Fanshawe
Commander-in-Chief, North America and West Indies Station
Succeeded by
Sir Alexander Milne
Preceded by
Sir Arthur Fanshawe
Commander-in-Chief, Plymouth
Succeeded by
Sir Charles Fremantle
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Sir James Dundas
David Salomons
Member of Parliament for Greenwich
February 1852July 1852
With: David Salomons
Succeeded by
Peter Rolt
Montague Chambers