Hugo Award for Best Fan Artist

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Hugo Award for Best Fan Artist
Awarded for The best fan artist of works devoted primarily to science fiction or fantasy
Presented by World Science Fiction Society
First awarded 1967 (1967)
Most recent winner Sarah Webb
Official website thehugoawards.org

The Hugo Awards are presented every year by the World Science Fiction Society for the best science fiction or fantasy works and achievements of the previous year. The award is named after Hugo Gernsback, the founder of the pioneering science fiction magazine Amazing Stories, and was once officially known as the Science Fiction Achievement Award.[1] The award has been described as "a fine showcase for speculative fiction" and "the best known literary award for science fiction writing".[2][3] The Hugo Award for Best Fan Artist is given each year for artists of works related to science fiction or fantasy which appeared in low- or non-paying publications such as semiprozines or fanzines. A Hugo Award for professional artists is also given. The fan award was first presented in 1967 and has been awarded annually. Beginning in 1996, Retrospective Hugo Awards, or "Retro Hugos", have been available to be awarded for years 50, 75, or 100 years prior in which no awards were given.[4] To date, Retro Hugo awards have been awarded for 1939, 1946, 1951, and 1954, although the 1939 and 1954 Retro Hugos received insufficient nominations for the Fan Artist Hugo to make the ballot.[5][6]

Hugo Award nominees and winners are chosen by supporting or attending members of the annual World Science Fiction Convention, or Worldcon, and the presentation evening constitutes its central event. The selection process is defined in the World Science Fiction Society Constitution as instant-runoff voting with five nominees, except in the case of a tie. These five works on the ballot are those most-nominated by members that year, with no limit on the number of works that can be nominated.[4] Initial nominations are made by members in January through March, while voting on the ballot of five nominations is performed roughly in April through July, subject to change depending on when that year's Worldcon is held.[7] Worldcons are generally held near Labor Day and in a different city around the world each year.[1][8]

During the 51 nomination years, 59 artists have been nominated; 25 of these have won, including co-winners and Retro Hugos. Brad W. Foster has received the most number of awards, with 8 wins out of 26 nominations. William Rotsler and Tim Kirk have won five awards, from twenty-three and eight nominations respectively. The only other artists to win more than twice are Teddy Harvia, with four out of twenty nominations, Alexis A. Gilliland, with four out of eight, and Frank Wu, also with four out of eight.

Winners and nominees[edit]

In the following tables, the years correspond to the date of the ceremony. Artists are eligible based on their work of the previous calendar year. Entries with a blue background and an asterisk (*) next to the artist's name have won the award; those with a white background are the nominees on the short-list.

  *   Winners and ties

Brad W. Foster has received the most number of awards, with 8 wins out of 26 nominations.
Year Artist Ref.
1967 Gaughan, JackJack Gaughan* [9]
Barr, GeorgeGeorge Barr [9]
Jones, JeffJeff Jones [9]
Stiles, SteveSteve Stiles [9]
Thomson, Arthur "ATom"Arthur "ATom" Thomson [9]
1968 Barr, GeorgeGeorge Barr* [10]
Chambers, JohnnyJohnny Chambers [10]
Stiles, SteveSteve Stiles [10]
Thomson, Arthur "ATom"Arthur "ATom" Thomson [10]
Trimble, BjoBjo Trimble [10]
1969 Bodé, VaughnVaughn Bodé* [11]
Barr, GeorgeGeorge Barr [11]
Kirk, TimTim Kirk [11]
Lovenstein, DougDoug Lovenstein [11]
Rotsler, WilliamWilliam Rotsler [11]
1970 Kirk, TimTim Kirk* [12]
Austin, AliciaAlicia Austin [12]
Barr, GeorgeGeorge Barr [12]
Fabian, StephenStephen Fabian [12]
Rotsler, WilliamWilliam Rotsler [12]
1971 Austin, AliciaAlicia Austin* [13]
Fabian, StephenStephen Fabian [13]
Gilbert, MikeMike Gilbert [13]
Kirk, TimTim Kirk [13]
Rotsler, WilliamWilliam Rotsler [13]
1972 Kirk, TimTim Kirk* [14]
Austin, AliciaAlicia Austin [14]
Canfield, GrantGrant Canfield [14]
Fletcher, WendyWendy Fletcher [14]
Rotsler, WilliamWilliam Rotsler [14]
1973 Kirk, TimTim Kirk* [15]
Canfield, GrantGrant Canfield [15]
Rotsler, WilliamWilliam Rotsler [15]
Shull, JamesJames Shull [15]
Thomson, Arthur "ATom"Arthur "ATom" Thomson [15]
1974 Kirk, TimTim Kirk* [16]
Austin, AliciaAlicia Austin [16]
Canfield, GrantGrant Canfield [16]
Rotsler, WilliamWilliam Rotsler [16]
Thomson, Arthur "ATom"Arthur "ATom" Thomson [16]
1975 Rotsler, WilliamWilliam Rotsler* [17]
Barr, GeorgeGeorge Barr [17]
Canfield, GrantGrant Canfield [17]
Shull, JamesJames Shull [17]
1976 Kirk, TimTim Kirk* [18]
Canfield, GrantGrant Canfield [18]
Foglio, PhilPhil Foglio [18]
Rotsler, WilliamWilliam Rotsler [18]
Shull, JamesJames Shull [18]
1977 Foglio, PhilPhil Foglio* [19]
Canfield, GrantGrant Canfield [19]
Kirk, TimTim Kirk [19]
Rotsler, WilliamWilliam Rotsler [19]
Shull, JamesJames Shull [19]
1978 Foglio, PhilPhil Foglio* [20]
Canfield, GrantGrant Canfield [20]
Gilliland, Alexis A.Alexis A. Gilliland [20]
Gomoll, JeanneJeanne Gomoll [20]
Shull, JamesJames Shull [20]
1979 Rotsler, WilliamWilliam Rotsler* [21]
Barker, JimJim Barker [21]
Bell, HarryHarry Bell [21]
Gilliland, Alexis A.Alexis A. Gilliland [21]
Shiffman, StuartStuart Shiffman [21]
1980 Gilliland, Alexis A.Alexis A. Gilliland* [22]
Gomoll, JeanneJeanne Gomoll [22]
Hanke-Woods, JoanJoan Hanke-Woods [22]
Poyser, VictoriaVictoria Poyser [22]
Rotsler, WilliamWilliam Rotsler [22]
Shiffman, StuartStuart Shiffman [22]
1981 Poyser, VictoriaVictoria Poyser* [23]
Gilliland, Alexis A.Alexis A. Gilliland [23]
Hanke-Woods, JoanJoan Hanke-Woods [23]
Rotsler, WilliamWilliam Rotsler [23]
Shiffman, StuartStuart Shiffman [23]
1982 Poyser, VictoriaVictoria Poyser* [24]
Gilliland, Alexis A.Alexis A. Gilliland [24]
Hanke-Woods, JoanJoan Hanke-Woods [24]
Rotsler, WilliamWilliam Rotsler [24]
Shiffman, StuartStuart Shiffman [24]
1983 Gilliland, Alexis A.Alexis A. Gilliland* [25]
Hanke-Woods, JoanJoan Hanke-Woods [25]
Rotsler, WilliamWilliam Rotsler [25]
Shiffman, StuartStuart Shiffman [25]
Steffan, DanDan Steffan [25]
1984 Gilliland, Alexis A.Alexis A. Gilliland* [26]
Foster, Brad W.Brad W. Foster [26]
Hanke-Woods, JoanJoan Hanke-Woods [26]
Rotsler, WilliamWilliam Rotsler [26]
Shiffman, StuartStuart Shiffman [26]
1985 Gilliland, Alexis A.Alexis A. Gilliland* [27]
Foster, Brad W.Brad W. Foster [27]
Fox, StevenSteven Fox [27]
Hanke-Woods, JoanJoan Hanke-Woods [27]
Rotsler, WilliamWilliam Rotsler [27]
Shiffman, StuartStuart Shiffman [27]
1986 Hanke-Woods, JoanJoan Hanke-Woods* [28]
Foster, Brad W.Brad W. Foster [28]
Fox, StevenSteven Fox [28]
Rotsler, WilliamWilliam Rotsler [28]
Shiffman, StuartStuart Shiffman [28]
1987 Foster, Brad W.Brad W. Foster* [29]
Fox, StevenSteven Fox [29]
Shiffman, StuartStuart Shiffman [29]
Thomson, Arthur "ATom"Arthur "ATom" Thomson [29]
Wayne, TaralTaral Wayne [29]
1988 Foster, Brad W.Brad W. Foster* [30]
Fox, StevenSteven Fox [30]
Harvia, TeddyTeddy Harvia [30]
Insinga, MerleMerle Insinga [30]
Wayne, TaralTaral Wayne [30]
Wu, Diana GallagherDiana Gallagher Wu [30]
1989 Foster, Brad W.Brad W. Foster* [31]
Wu, Diana GallagherDiana Gallagher Wu* [31]
Harvia, TeddyTeddy Harvia [31]
Insinga, MerleMerle Insinga [31]
Shiffman, StuartStuart Shiffman [31]
Wayne, TaralTaral Wayne [31]
1990 Shiffman, StuartStuart Shiffman* [32]
Fox, StevenSteven Fox [32]
Harvia, TeddyTeddy Harvia [32]
Insinga, MerleMerle Insinga [32]
Mayhew, JoeJoe Mayhew [32]
Wayne, TaralTaral Wayne [32]
1991 Harvia, TeddyTeddy Harvia* [33]
Insinga, MerleMerle Insinga [33]
Ranson, PeggyPeggy Ranson [33]
Shiffman, StuartStuart Shiffman [33]
Stein, Diana HarlanDiana Harlan Stein [33]
1992 Foster, Brad W.Brad W. Foster* [34]
Harvia, TeddyTeddy Harvia [34]
Ranson, PeggyPeggy Ranson [34]
Shiffman, StuartStuart Shiffman [34]
Stein, Diana HarlanDiana Harlan Stein [34]
1993 Ranson, PeggyPeggy Ranson* [35]
Harvia, TeddyTeddy Harvia [35]
Insinga, MerleMerle Insinga [35]
Michaels, LindaLinda Michaels [35]
Shiffman, StuartStuart Shiffman [35]
Stein, Diana HarlanDiana Harlan Stein [35]
1994 Foster, Brad W.Brad W. Foster* [36]
Harvia, TeddyTeddy Harvia [36]
Michaels, LindaLinda Michaels [36]
Ranson, PeggyPeggy Ranson [36]
Rotsler, WilliamWilliam Rotsler [36]
Shiffman, StuartStuart Shiffman [36]
1995 Harvia, TeddyTeddy Harvia* [37]
Foster, Brad W.Brad W. Foster [37]
Michaels, LindaLinda Michaels [37]
Ranson, PeggyPeggy Ranson [37]
Rotsler, WilliamWilliam Rotsler [37]
1996 Rotsler, WilliamWilliam Rotsler* [38]
Gunn, IanIan Gunn [38]
Harvia, TeddyTeddy Harvia [38]
Mayhew, JoeJoe Mayhew [38]
Ranson, PeggyPeggy Ranson [38]
1997 Rotsler, WilliamWilliam Rotsler* [39]
Gunn, IanIan Gunn [39]
Mayhew, JoeJoe Mayhew [39]
Ranson, PeggyPeggy Ranson [39]
Sherlock, Sherlock [39]
1998 Mayhew, JoeJoe Mayhew* [40]
Foster, Brad W.Brad W. Foster [40]
Gunn, IanIan Gunn [40]
Harvia, TeddyTeddy Harvia [40]
Ranson, PeggyPeggy Ranson [40]
1999 Gunn, IanIan Gunn* [41]
Baer, FreddieFreddie Baer [41]
Foster, Brad W.Brad W. Foster [41]
Harvia, TeddyTeddy Harvia [41]
Mayhew, JoeJoe Mayhew [41]
West, D.D. West [41]
2000 Mayhew, JoeJoe Mayhew* [42]
Baer, FreddieFreddie Baer [42]
Foster, Brad W.Brad W. Foster [42]
Harvia, TeddyTeddy Harvia [42]
Wayne, TaralTaral Wayne [42]
2001 Harvia, TeddyTeddy Harvia* [43]
Birkhead, SherylSheryl Birkhead [43]
Foster, Brad W.Brad W. Foster [43]
Mason, SueSue Mason [43]
Wayne, TaralTaral Wayne [43]
2002 Harvia, TeddyTeddy Harvia* [44]
Birkhead, SherylSheryl Birkhead [44]
Foster, Brad W.Brad W. Foster [44]
Mason, SueSue Mason [44]
Wu, FrankFrank Wu [44]
2003 Mason, SueSue Mason* [45]
Foster, Brad W.Brad W. Foster [45]
Harvia, TeddyTeddy Harvia [45]
Stiles, SteveSteve Stiles [45]
Wu, FrankFrank Wu [45]
2004 Wu, FrankFrank Wu* [46]
Foster, Brad W.Brad W. Foster [46]
Harvia, TeddyTeddy Harvia [46]
Mason, SueSue Mason [46]
Stiles, SteveSteve Stiles [46]
2005 Mason, SueSue Mason* [47]
Foster, Brad W.Brad W. Foster [47]
Harvia, TeddyTeddy Harvia [47]
Stiles, SteveSteve Stiles [47]
Wu, FrankFrank Wu [47]
2006 Wu, FrankFrank Wu* [48]
Foster, Brad W.Brad W. Foster [48]
Harvia, TeddyTeddy Harvia [48]
Mason, SueSue Mason [48]
Stiles, SteveSteve Stiles [48]
2007 Wu, FrankFrank Wu* [49]
Foster, Brad W.Brad W. Foster [49]
Harvia, TeddyTeddy Harvia [49]
Mason, SueSue Mason [49]
Stiles, SteveSteve Stiles [49]
2008 Foster, Brad W.Brad W. Foster* [50]
Harvia, TeddyTeddy Harvia [50]
Mason, SueSue Mason [50]
Stiles, SteveSteve Stiles [50]
Wayne, TaralTaral Wayne [50]
2009 Wu, FrankFrank Wu* [51]
Beck, Alan F.Alan F. Beck [51]
Foster, Brad W.Brad W. Foster [51]
Mason, SueSue Mason [51]
Wayne, TaralTaral Wayne [51]
2010 Foster, Brad W.Brad W. Foster* [52]
Howell, DaveDave Howell [52]
Mason, SueSue Mason [52]
Stiles, SteveSteve Stiles [52]
Wayne, TaralTaral Wayne [52]
2011 Foster, Brad W.Brad W. Foster* [53]
Munroe, RandallRandall Munroe [53]
Starkey, MaurineMaurine Starkey [53]
Stiles, SteveSteve Stiles [53]
Wayne, TaralTaral Wayne [53]
2012 Starkey, MaurineMaurine Starkey* [54]
Foster, Brad W.Brad W. Foster [54]
Munroe, RandallRandall Munroe [54]
Schoenhuth, SpringSpring Schoenhuth [54]
Stiles, SteveSteve Stiles [54]
Wayne, TaralTaral Wayne [54]
2013 Dara, GalenGalen Dara* [55]
Foster, Brad W.Brad W. Foster [55]
Schoenhuth, SpringSpring Schoenhuth [55]
Starkey, MaurineMaurine Starkey [55]
Stiles, SteveSteve Stiles [55]
2014 Webb, SarahSarah Webb* [56]
Foster, Brad W.Brad W. Foster [56]
Manzano, MandieMandie Manzano [56]
Schoenhuth, SpringSpring Schoenhuth [56]
Stiles, SteveSteve Stiles [56]

Retro Hugos[edit]

Beginning with the 1996 Worldcon, the World Science Fiction Society created the concept of "Retro Hugos", in which the Hugo award could be retroactively awarded for 50, 75, or 100 years prior. Retro Hugos may only be awarded for years in which a Worldcon was hosted, but no awards were originally given.[4] Retro Hugos have been awarded four times, for 1939, 1946, 1951, and 1954. The 1939 awards were given 75 years later; the other three awards were given 50 years later.[6] The 1939 and 1954 Retro Hugos did not receive enough nominations for the Fan Artist Hugo to make the ballot.[57][5] The next year that Retro Hugos can be awarded is 2015, for 1940.[4]

Year Year awarded Artist Ref.
1946 1996 Rotsler, WilliamWilliam Rotsler* [58]
Gibson, JoeJoe Gibson [58]
Goldstone, Jr., LouLou Goldstone, Jr. [58]
Rogers, AlvaAlva Rogers [58]
Wiedenbeck, JackJack Wiedenbeck [58]
1951 2001 Gaughan, JackJack Gaughan* [59]
Hoffman, LeeLee Hoffman [59]
Nelson, RayRay Nelson [59]
Rotsler, WilliamWilliam Rotsler [59]
White, JamesJames White [59]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "The Locus index to SF Awards: About the Hugo Awards". Locus. Oakland, California: Locus. Archived from the original on 2010-01-03. Retrieved 2010-04-21. 
  2. ^ Jordison, Sam (2008-08-07). "An International Contest We Can Win". The Guardian. London, England: The Guardian. Archived from the original on 2009-07-29. Retrieved 2010-04-21. 
  3. ^ Cleaver, Emily (2010-04-20). "Hugo Awards Announced". Litro Magazine. London, England: Ocean Media. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-21. 
  4. ^ a b c d "The Hugo Awards: FAQ". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-20. 
  5. ^ a b "1954 Retro Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  6. ^ a b "The Locus index to SF Awards: About the Retro Hugo Awards". Locus. Oakland, California: Locus. Archived from the original on 2010-01-03. Retrieved 2010-04-21. 
  7. ^ "The Hugo Awards: Introduction". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-20. 
  8. ^ "World Science Fiction Society / Worldcon". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2009-04-14. Retrieved 2010-04-20. 
  9. ^ a b c d e "1967 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  10. ^ a b c d e "1968 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  11. ^ a b c d e "1969 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  12. ^ a b c d e "1970 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  13. ^ a b c d e "1971 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  14. ^ a b c d e "1972 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  15. ^ a b c d e "1973 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  16. ^ a b c d e "1974 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  17. ^ a b c d "1975 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  18. ^ a b c d e "1976 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  19. ^ a b c d e "1977 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  20. ^ a b c d e "1978 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  21. ^ a b c d e "1979 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  22. ^ a b c d e f "1980 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  23. ^ a b c d e "1981 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  24. ^ a b c d e "1982 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  25. ^ a b c d e "1983 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  26. ^ a b c d e "1984 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  27. ^ a b c d e f "1985 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  28. ^ a b c d e "1986 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  29. ^ a b c d e "1987 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  30. ^ a b c d e f "1988 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  31. ^ a b c d e f "1989 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  32. ^ a b c d e f "1990 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  33. ^ a b c d e "1991 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  34. ^ a b c d e "1992 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  35. ^ a b c d e f "1993 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  36. ^ a b c d e f "1994 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  37. ^ a b c d e "1995 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  38. ^ a b c d e "1996 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  39. ^ a b c d e "1997 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  40. ^ a b c d e "1998 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  41. ^ a b c d e f "1999 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  42. ^ a b c d e "2000 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  43. ^ a b c d e "2001 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  44. ^ a b c d e "2002 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  45. ^ a b c d e "2003 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  46. ^ a b c d e "2004 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  47. ^ a b c d e "2005 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  48. ^ a b c d e "2006 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  49. ^ a b c d e "2007 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  50. ^ a b c d e "2008 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  51. ^ a b c d e "2009 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  52. ^ a b c d e "2010 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2011-04-25. 
  53. ^ a b c d e "2011 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2012-04-09. Retrieved 2012-04-09. 
  54. ^ a b c d e f "2012 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2012-04-09. Retrieved 2012-04-09. 
  55. ^ a b c d e "2013 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Retrieved 2013-04-03. 
  56. ^ a b c d e "2014 Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Retrieved 2014-04-20. 
  57. ^ "1939 Retro Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Retrieved 2014-04-20. 
  58. ^ a b c d e "1946 Retro Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  59. ^ a b c d e "1951 Retro Hugo Awards". World Science Fiction Society. Archived from the original on 2011-05-07. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 

External links[edit]